Journal of Law and Society

1) GATT (1947) AND WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT SYSTEMS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Author(s):Pervaiz Khan & Mohammad Asif Khan

Abstract :

This article shows that the Word Trade Organization (WTO) 1995, in comparison to its predecessor the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1947, has succeeded in providing its developing country members with a more rules-based dispute settlement mechanism for resolution of disputes. Unlike the dispute process system under GATT 1947, the WTO dispute resolution system encourages rule of law, less subject to political pressure, and more accessible to developing countries, in order to encourage their more participation in the system.
2) THE ART OF TEACHING LAW IN LAW SCHOOLS AN OVERVIEW
Author(s):Faisal Shahzad & Sobia Bashir

Abstract :

Teaching itself is an art which requires a rather different set of skills than other professions. Most of the professions are meant to serve the cause of ensuring one’s subsistence but teaching is philanthropic and a selfless devotion of sharing and learning. This article deals with various concepts and techniques related to the art of teaching at law schools. Before embarking upon the intricate concepts in teaching law the speaker should begin from introducing the topic with its historical background, origins and other allied details. Each intellectual discourse is ideally initiated from the easiest part including definitions, introductions and classification, legislative exigency and its legislative spirit. Procedural laws have its distinct significance, things need to be in black and white or else they will end up in gray. Students must be made to know more about the role procedural laws play in adjudications. The law establishes protection from the errors and mala-fide of individual judgments. One of the most paramount aspect in teaching law is that the formulation of new concepts is relatively less important than the deconstruction of already ill formed notions. Theoretical and jurisprudential understanding is mandatory prior drill before practical. The focus and emphasis should be on content understanding rather than technicalities pertaining to dates, section numbers, specific legal expressions and terminologies. These specialized legal termi
3) CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE APPOINTMENT OF JUDGES OF SUPERIOR COURTS IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Rafia Naz Ali & Mohammad Jan

Abstract :

In Pakistan, Judges were appointed as per conventions left behind by British Empire. These appointments were subject to sweet will of Chief Justice and President. However, after Eighteenth and Nineteenth Amendment the concept of Judicial Commission was introduced. It distributed the power between different State organs, which is tilted towards the Judicial Commission. This paper will argue in favor of creating balance between different organs of State.
4) THE STATUS OF NON-STATE ARMED GROUPS IN ARMED CONFLICTS
Author(s):Mohammad Asif Khan & Pervaiz Khan

Abstract :

The International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is historically directed towards regulation of armed conflicts by the States. As custodians and primary actors of international law the States decide the rules and laws which will be abided by them in practise. The rules agreed upon by the states are however enforceable upon those entities which come under the jurisdiction of that state. The status of Non State Armed Groups (NSAGs) during a conflict is also regulated by the law which has been agreed upon by the States. The law regulating the armed non-state actors is not extensive and mostly covered by the laws relevant to the NIAC. Threshold of the internal disturbances converting into an armed conflict is narrow. Hence IHL is only applicable when an armed conflict is triggered. The article looks into the complications of application of the IHL upon NSAGs.
5) AN ISLAMIC APPROACH TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Author(s):Bahadar Ali & Parveen Gul

Abstract :

Nowadays, everyone try to conserve environment because we believe nature and the environment associate with life cycle; while 1400 years ago Islam tell us to use the environment without any damage. Today our soil is declining, forests are being cut down, fish stocks are deteriorating and instant measures are needed for the protection of our natural resources so that ecosystems are not affected. Protection of nature should be kept in mind as it is real virtue and Allah Almighty has asked for. Disorder, in natural balanced system, will result in complete abolition, ending and sweeping of Human beings, animals and Plants from the face of mother earth. As a complete code, Islam provides for guidance in every sphere of Human’s lives. It argues its followers to take every possible measure for its cleanliness and maintenance in all circumstances. It prohibits injustice, unlawfulness and excess in actions and words. It emphasizes conversation and aid to teach a sense of responsibility among human beings. In this paper an attempt is made to highlight the key areas on which Islam as a religion and as a code of conduct focuses. Similarly, Islamic ethics about environmental protections shall be the main point of the study.

Volume No. XLIX

Issue No. 73

July 2018