Journal of Law and Society

1) THE HISTORY AND POLITICS OF RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Basharat Hussain, Sajjad Hussain, Salman Bangash, Muhammad Khalid

Abstract :

Issues like religious extremism and fanaticism have taken even more threatening form in the 21st century. Characterized by high-tech global social milieu, today’s world is more prone and jeopardized by the destructive impacts of religious extremism, than it was before. The problem of religious extremism has unfortunately been a historical legacy being inherited by Pakistan since its inception. It has not only eroded the very socio-economic and ideological foundations of the country with unprecedented rates, but also created a very negative image of Pakistan throughout the globe. The roots of religious extremism dated back to the pre-independence colonial era where British rulers brought Blasphemy laws to the Indian subcontinent. Although, the case for the creation of Pakistan was based on religious freedom for all Muslim’s sects and for the minorities as well; however, the post-independence period shows a continuation and acceleration of religious and sectarian intolerance, thus making the situation even worse than before. Moved by the lethality of the problem of religious extremism, this paper intends to seek insights deeper into it, by unveiling its historical, political, social and ethnic underpinnings.
3) SPIRITUALITY AND HOLISTIC APPROACH IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: A UNIVERSAL PANACEA
Author(s):Mussarat Anwar, Jehanzeb Khan, Jamil Ahmad Chitrali, Abdul Manan

Abstract :

Human development in an all-inclusive approach needs responsiveness to all facets of growth comprising Religious development & Spirituality. The existing paper therefore aims to incorporate faith and Spirituality in human progress. It is worth to indicate that social psychologists believe that alienation from religion tends to generate “identity crisis”. A hypothesis of this kind was invoked by recent studies that explain the detrimental effects of abandoning faith. In past decades, researchers have designed a wealth of new studies documenting prospective benefits of religious involvement for health and wellbeing. Being religious or having spiritual beliefs has been associated to improved psychological health in several pragmatic studies. Based on these findings, the current paper argues, the inclusion of religious experiences in trans-personal psychology is very important. Spirituality and faith thus is considered as being one of the associated elements to human development.
4) PAKISTAN’S CULTURAL DIPLOMACY WITH INDIA
Author(s):Muhammad Ibrar, Raazia Hassan Naqvi

Abstract :

Pakistan Cultural Diplomacy with India
5) TERRORISM: MYTH OR REALITY
Author(s):Hazir Ullah, Waheed Chaudhry, Ali Askar, Jamil Ahmad Chitrali

Abstract :

The phenomenon of ‘terrorism’ trigged by various factors, therefore, may not be looked at it from a single (western) point of view. Keeping this in view, this paper examines the ongoing menace of terrorism and provides a lens to see it not only as it is defined and claimed by the West but also proxy phenomena with tacit objectives that serve the interest of the West. It spotlights how the American struggle for becoming a sole world power has destabilized global peace and security after the Cold War. The paper further analyzes and examines how the terrorism has become synonymous with Islam .We critically examine the current waves of terrorism in Pakistan and locate it in the broader global political context. The paper outlines and stress tolerance and the accommodation of alternative voices as the most effective ways for mutual co-existence of all nations and religions. The paper is not meant to be ‘authoritative’ but rather arouses the curiosity to explore the area more and develop arguments about the issue under discussion.
6) THE CULTURE WARPING IMPACT OF MOBILE PHONE ON TEENAGE GIRLS IN PESHAWAR
Author(s):Amir Zada Asad, Basharat Hussain, Abdul Manan

Abstract :

Social change is an unavoidable phenomenon and is a continuous process. Many times it brings positive changes but its negative aspect can also not be ignored. Particularly, when the change is induced on purpose, it has more negative repercussions than positive. The introduction of mobile phones in a reserved society like Pakistan has many positive changes but the negative consequences will haunt the society for many years to come at the cost of disruption of the traditions and morality.
7) SOCIO-CULTURAL STUMBLING BLOCKS TO WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
Author(s):Imran, Niaz Muhammad,Mamoon Khan Khattak, Musawir Shah

Abstract :

This review paper aims to highlight numerous socio-cultural hindrances to women’s economic empowerment in Pakhtun society in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with special focus on Islamic perspective. It is revealed from a comprehensive review of literature on the issue at hand, that there are different socio-cultural impediments in way of women mobility towards achieving economic empowerment in Pakhtun culture. The partaking of women in different sectors like agriculture, industries etc. are very significant but they are mostly secluded from their basic rights. Women in Pakhtun culture is absorbed by number of barriers like lack of education, decision making, employment openings, inheritance, land ownership; access to other economic assets, male dominated hierarchy in business, patriarchal family structure, gender biasness, discrimination, misinterpretation of observing pardah (veil), negative societal perception regarding women mobility, societal misinterpretation of religious injunctions, cultural taboos, lack of safety at workplace etc. are the major hindrances in the way of women economic empowerment.
8) FEMALE VICTIMS OF MURDER IN SINDH: CULTURAL CRIMINOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
Author(s):Nabi Bakhsh Narejo, Waheed A. Abbasi

Abstract :

Females have increasingly been victims of murder due to cultural and patriarchic nature of Pakistani society. This qualitative study concludes that females belonging to poor sections of society, married and young one become victims of violence like murder in Sindh. Criminal victimization of females is committed by blood relatives and even by law enforcement agencies like police and court officials. Lack of education, unawareness of the rights and status of females further help victimization go uncontrolled.
9) IMPACT OF ‘GANDA’ PRACTICE ON CARRIER CHILDREN IN KHYBER AGENCY, PAKISTAN
Author(s):Ali Askar, Niaz Muhammad,Waheed Chaudhry, Jamil Ahmad Chitrali

Abstract :

This study, maiden in its nature, was conducted on the impact of ‘Ganda’ practice on carrier children in Khyber Agency1 2with an aim to know the socio-economic and physical effects on children involved. 50 respondents were interviewed under the purposive sampling technique through the tool of interview schedule. The hypotheses were (i) Higher the involvement of carrier children in their profession, greater would be the chances of deteriorated personality of them, (ii) The hard nature of ‘Ganda’ is detrimental to the health of the carrier children, (iii) More the involvement in ‘Ganda’ business, better would be the living standard of carrier children’s’ families, were verified. It is worth considering that the economic life of the carrier children was good enough due to indulgence in ‘Ganda’ business. On the other hand, ‘Ganda’ practice has negatively affected the carrier children both physically and socially. The study also revealed the abuse of carrier children, their socialization on the negative direction by developing inacceptable behavior even in giving respect towards their parents. The study recommends the provision of free & compulsory education for all children, job opportunities for adults, implementation of child labour and national laws and reduction in working hours.
11) CHILD BIRTH REGISTRATION IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA: A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT SWABI
Author(s):Muhammad Ibrar, Raazia Hassan Naqvi,Basharat Hussain, Akhtar Munir

Abstract :

Children are the future of every nation. To build a future on sound foundation, it is imperative that each child gets its due rights. State responsibilities cannot be fulfilled unless an effective birth registration system is in place. Birth Registration is therefore, the first step to reach and extend the benefits of progress to every child. In simpler terms, it is tantamount to equalizing access for all. Unless we know where a child is, we can never address his/her needs. The government is committed to ensuring that every child has a right to a name, nationality and identity. Birth Registration is a parent’s first duty. Facilitating the parents in fulfillment of this duty is a joint responsibility of the relevant authorities, whose cooperation will encourage the parents to avail this service. Birth Registration is a means of recognizing one’s subsistence before law making ties of the child with its family and for tracking the important incidents of one’s life from birth to marriage and death. According to the Convention on the Rights of Child (CRC) and the national laws of the country, the birth registration is a fundamental right of every child and it is also a means to guarantee a better future for the next generation in terms of monetary provision and assets.
12) THE ECONOMIC CATASTROPHE OF MILITANCY IN DISTRICT SWAT PAKISTAN
Author(s):Waqar Ahmad, Arab Naz,Waseem Khan, Umar Daraz

Abstract :

Militancy has persistently been an overwhelming threat that looms large over Pakistani Society for more than a decade. It has adversely affected every aspect of the society and tended the country to be a failed state. Several theoretical attempts have been made to look into the causes of this peace threatening problem, a satisfactory conclusion, however, is yet to reach. In a related context, the current study attempted to analyze the militancy menace in economic terms. In other words, it has explored the underlying economic dynamics/factors which were assumed to have spearheaded militancy in Malakand Division in the year 2011. The study was conducted in Mingora, (The capital of District Swat). Data was collected from 200 male respondents who were categorized in three main classes namely the business, teacher and the clergy class. Sample from each of the category was then obtained by the application of proportion allocation sampling method. A structured interview schedule was used as a tool of data collection. The data has been rigorously analyzed by applying SPSS, and statistical tests i.e. Chi-Square. Results of the study show that poverty, low income, unemployment, unequal distribution of resources, Economic deprivation and spiraling inflation and other tertiary economic factors have a direct bearing on the emergence of violence and militancy in the society.
13) THE ENIGMA OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Amir Ullah Khan

Abstract :

dictator, General Pervaiz Musharraf. The General tailored his own local government system, popularly known as ‘Devolution of Power Plan, 2001’. The current local government system possesses loopholes particularly in its financial sphere. Making the flaws in it a pretext, the antidemocratic public representatives have turned their guns against it and urged for its abolition.12 While The 1973 Constitution of Pakistan provides for local government system. Article 32 says, “The State shall encourage local government institutions composed of elected representatives of the areas concerned, and in such institutions special representation will be given to peasants, workers, and women.”23Despite that since the inception of Pakistan, they failed to acclimatize themselves with the concept of local democracy. In this research paper the implicit and explicit causes of failure of local government institutions will be highlighted with particular reference to Local Government System, 2001. The researcher has selected Union Council (UC) as a cell to evaluate the performance of local government system, the flaws in it and to suggest reforms in this regard. The data is mainly based on the author’s personal observation, questionnaires, and interviews besides secondary sources. Besides this, the findings show that the poor implementation of the Local Government Ordinance, 2001is one of the major causes of the failure of the local government institutions in Pakistan.
14) AFGHANISTAN: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE UNDER AMIR ABDUR REHMAN (1880 – 1901)
Author(s):Abdul Latif, Fayyaz Ur Rehman,Inayat Ullah Khan

Abstract :

of Justice, when Amir Abdur Rehman came into power. Judicial and administrative organization of the country was almost destroyed by the prolonged civil wars in Afghanistan. Tribal Chiefs were factually ruling their own areas. According to Amir Abdur Rehman, one of the jokes of the tribal Chiefs was ‘ to cut off the heads of men and women and put them on red- hot sheets to see them jump about’1. Amir Abdur Rehman was facing a big challenge of ending the administration of private justice and subordinating all feudal chiefs to the central government. 2 Amir Abdur Rehman went for implementation of Shariah (Islamic Laws), as central law of land, to suppress the tribal and private administration of justice and consolidate authority of the government in the country.
15) THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IS NO MORE THAN A WISH LIST OF LIBERAL WESTERN VALUES
Author(s):Syed Raza Shah Gilani, Frank J. Cavico,Fayyaz Ur Rehman, Inayat Ullah Khan

Abstract :

on 10 December 1948, in order to safeguard the rights of the Human Beings, which are so fundamental that cannot be derogated at any cost. The right to provide the security to the people and safe them from atrocities were the main objective of this declaration. Since the formation of this charter that was 65 years ago it seems that it is standing on a same place from where it has started.
16) LAW REFORMS IN TRIBAL AREAS
Author(s):Inayat Ullah Khan, Fayyaz Ur Rehman,Abdul Latif, Syed Raza Gillani, Sobia Bashir

Abstract :

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Volume No. 40

Issue No. 55 & 56

January & July, 2010