Journal of Law and Society

2) THE BRITISH POLITICO-LEGAL STRUCTURE AND POLICE ACCOUNTABILITY: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL
Author(s):Basharat Hussain, Amir Zada Asad, Muhammad Ibrar, Abdul Manan

Abstract :

The police organization is one of the key agencies of social control in any society. Police are considered as the gatekeepers of the criminal justice system. They serve on behalf of the state with the primary responsibility of keeping peace, control and taking criminals away from the community. In order to carry out their duty, the police have been granted certain powers such as arresting and detaining suspected individuals. However, it is also important to maintain proper control over police forces to avoid any abuse of powers by them. . This requires a legal framework which ensures the proper accountability of the police force. One of the main features of the police governance is the extent to which the police force can be made accountable for the duties it performs. National police systems in the world are, theoretically at least, accountable to their national parliament. In England and Wales for instance, the accountability of the police force is as complex as its structure (Mawby and Wright, 2003). This became a major political issue during 1980s about not only the accountability of police force but also as to who should control the police force. In recent years, this debate has been greatly concerned with the performance and effectiveness of the police force. However, efforts have been made to take the politics off from the police and to make politics-free policies for police governance; however, However concerns regarding police governance, perfo
3) SUICIDAL IDEATION: WARNING SIGNS FOR SUICIDAL RISK AMONG THE SURVIVORS OF SUICIDE ATTEMPT-A STUDY OF SELECTED CASES IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
Author(s):Jamil Ahmad Chitrali, Mussarat Anwar, Ayesha Anwar, Abdul Manan

Abstract :

Suicidal ideation among adolescents and young adults is a serious health problem in Khyber PukhtunKhwa. Death by suicide is too esoteric. It is the most complicated question on human self-destruction that “why few people decide to stop living?” The present study assesses the risk of suicide in people whohave tried to commit suicide at some point in their life. One hundred and sixty reported cases of suicide from various government hospitals of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa were investigated. Suicide Probability Scale was used to measure psychological propensities for suicidal ideation. Indicators included depression, anxiety, stress,hopelessness, negative self esteem, hostility and suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was most marked in the eighteen to twenty age groups. Gender and marital status remained important demographic precursors behind attempts of suicide. The obtained chi-square values for both variables exceeded the critical values, X 2 (14, n=160) = 32.655, p<.01 and X2 (14, n=160) = 112.603, p<.01 respectively. The correlation matrix highlighted the interrelationship of stress, hopelessness, negative self-esteem, suicidal ideation, hostility, depression and anxiety.
4) CULTURAL HISTORY OF INDIAN SUBCONTINENT; WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ARTS AND MUSIC
Author(s):Raazia Hassan Naqvi, Muhammad Ibrar, Salman Bangash

Abstract :

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5) AFGHANISTAN: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE UNDER THE FOURTH AFGHAN CONSTITUTION (1973 – 1978)
Author(s):Abdul Latif, Fayyaz Ur Rehman, Inayat Ullah Khan

Abstract :

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6) A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE U.S. CONGRESS LEGISLATION AFFECTING ECONOMIC AND MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO PAKISTAN AND ITS FALLOUT: IDEALISM VS PRAGMATISM
Author(s):Javed Iqbal, Salman Bangash

Abstract :

Pakistan’s relations with the United States of America have never been consistent and smooth. The alliance between the two was perhaps never based on a true urge and wish for a real and genuine friendship. The US assistance to Pakistan remained conditional with strings attached to it in the shape of the laws formulated by the US Congress in as amendments to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. The laws made by the US Congress affecting American Aid to Pakistan can be conveniently divided into two phases. The laws passed in the first phase were directed against Pakistan’s nuclear program, aiming at restraining and even rolling back Pakistan’s nuclear program in return for U.S. aid to Pakistan. The laws passed by the US Congress in the second phase focused on conditions like continuation of democratic rule and steps taken against the Al-Qaeda linked religious extremist and fundamentalist groups. Have these laws served their purpose? Why the Executive branch of the United States Government had to look for backdoors and waivers of these laws to continue American economic and military assistance to Pakistan? How effective these laws were and how much they contributed to the rise of anti America sentiments in Pakistan? These are the questions that this paper would attempt to find answers to.
7) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST MARRIED WOMEN IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA: (A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR), PAKISTAN
Author(s):Raazia Hassan Naqvi, Muhammad Ibrar Basharat Hussain

Abstract :

Defining woman as a person, she is denied an identity of her own; she is seen as a commodity, eventually owned by her husband or male members of family and society. Pakistan has the male dominated society with high ratio of illiteracy and poverty. Women are considered as inferior entity due to which women are mostly victimized. Women are victimized mentally, physically, psychologically, and deprived of their rights not only outside the home but also in the four walls of home. She is also deprived of her rights, although Islam has given equal rights and opportunities to both genders. Many national and international NGOs and GOs are working for the rights of women and are trying to create awareness among the people about the status of women in our society. Pick up any Urdu or English daily newspapers you will find news about violence against women. The stories are horrifying and frightening. There may be more stories, which have not reached the newspapers columns due to pressure of influential, police or family members. Violence may include corporealassail by vigor, spokencruelty, vengeance blazing and sexual cruelty, rape and enforced prostitution. The violence faced by married woman is not only by her husband but the women of in laws family also inflict violence along with the men of the parent’s family i.e. father, brothers, uncles, cousins etc. Without women the life is not possible, it is the mother that bears the pains and gives birth to a man, i
8) ARCHETYPAL IDENTIFICATION PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING
Author(s):Mussarat Anwar, Jamil Ahmed Chitrali, Ayesha Anwar

Abstract :

Initial substantiation proposes that psychological ailments are emergent and seem to affect almost all areas of human life as a result, the study of psychic factors on the wellbeing would seem necessary. Moreover, researchers have recommended a serious call for programs to promote wellbeing in both psychologically healthy and unhealthy individuals. From this point of view, the study of wellbeing and happiness has gradually become a field of primary importance. A Large body of research investigated the factors associated to these phenomena. In this research, it is proposed that attaining authentic happiness is linked to achieving psychological maturity and wholeness. This study has extensively explored the possible interaction effects of archetypal identification and sub factors of psychological wellbeing such as; life satisfaction, degree of pleasant/unpleasant feelings, and psychological flourishing. The mean score on subjective-psychological wellbeing increased when respondents identified with energies of spirit level of development. On the other hand, soul level of identification decreased the life satisfaction level.
9) THE SUBSEQUENT DEVELOPMENT OF CONTRACT AND NEGLIGENCE IN BUSINESS CONTEXT
Author(s):Syed Raza Shah Gilani, Fayaz-ur-Rehman, Inayat Ullah Khan

Abstract :

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11) THE SCOWL OF SCREEN: SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL CONSEQUENCES OF MOVIES ON YOUTH IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Arab Naz, Waseem Khan, Umar Daraz, Muhammad Hussain

Abstract :

Media is playing a vital role in socialization of youth in today’s modern world. However, movies as one of the popular form of media are very common source of entertainment among youth. The current paper is framed to analyze the various social, interactional, psychological and educational consequences of movies-viewing among youth. The empirical data is obtained from 200 male youth of age-group 18-30 year of age using purposive sampling technique and structured interview schedule in Batkhela town of Malakand Division Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The data is analyzed using simple frequency tables with parentages and discussion has been made over the information for the explanation of various variables along-with test statistics. The study shows that there are serious social, psychological, educational and interactional consequences of movies on youth. The study suggests that such consequences can be reduced through proper policy implementation, adopting media ethics, familial social control and proper check and balance over the process.
12) IMPACT OF SOCIAL NETWORKING AND PERSONALITY VARIABILITY ON INDIVIDUAL JOB SEARCH: (A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR)
Author(s):Arshad Khan Bangash, Fariha Bibi, Muhammad Fayyaz Khan

Abstract :

The study focused on the impact of social networks and personality type on individual job search means. Sample sizes of 50 respondents were selected with the help of convenient sampling method equally both from governmental and non-governmental organization of district Peshawar. Data were collected through In-depth interview from the respondents. This study described a relationship among individual personality dimensions, formal and informal job search means and social networking. The findings suggested that extrovert personality have larger and strong social networks and used social networking as a job search means beside their social networks tie is strengthen. Introvert personality have small and weak social network and mostly used print and electronic media as a job search means, beside their social network tie is weak. The study linked social networks as a tool for linking micro and macro-level of sociological theory and proved that inter-personal networks provides the most fruitful micro-macro bridge in the form of small scale interaction towards the large scale-patterns/phenomena.
13) PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION OF PERSONALITY TRANSFORMATION AMONG FREE-MOVER STUDENTS IN SWEDEN
Author(s):Jamil Ahmad Chitrali, Shazia Ghulam Muhammad

Abstract :

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14) THE IMPACT OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Imad Ullah, Muhammad Naeem

Abstract :

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15) DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Inayat Ullah Khan, Fayyaz-ur-Rehman, Abdul Latif, Syed Raza Gillani, Sobia Bashir

Abstract :

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16) WOMEN COMBINING PAID WORK AND HOMEMAKING: THE SECOND SHIFT
Author(s):Hazir Ullah, Waheed Chaudhry, Ali Askar, Afshan Khan

Abstract :

Last two decades have seen a considerable increase in women entry into paid work in Pakistan. The common understanding is that this journey into the public domain has been the most significant empowerment trend since the inception of Pakistan. The main argument of this paper is that despite this progress the ideology around gender roles still persists in dual earning families. The study explores the difficulty and strains that working women experience in combining paid job and domestic chores. The study findings suggest that working women in Pakistan do not have the best of public and private domain as they still carry out all the domestic chores along with their full time job. The study takes feminist perspective as theoretical framework for analysis of the data. Data for the study comes from 150 married working women selected through stratified random sampling. The study is not intended to be "authoritative" but aims to open debate and stress academician and researchers to carry out more studies that look at how working women experience their paid job in the public domain and domestic chores.

Volume No. 41

Issue No. 57 & 58 January & July 2011

January & July 2011