Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies

1) Preliminaries


Title Page Message from VC and Director Message from Lowell Ewert Editorial

3) The Effects of War on Terror on Pakhtun Nationalistic Identity in Pakhtu Poetry | By: Hina Habib and Jamil Ahmed Chitrali


The Pakhtuns have always been known as powerful, unruly marshal nation. But on the other hand they are also a highly poeticized nation with a rich store of literature. Applying the Reflection theory we can say that the Pakhtun literature, especially poetry, is a reflection of their collective unconsciousness with the predominant theme of the assertion of their strong nationalistic identity. From Khushal Khan Khattak, to Khudai Khidmatgar, to the contemporary poets, all have used poetry as a means of establishing their identity. But this identity has been jeopardized by the’ War on Terror’ ensuing the 9/11 U.S attacks and the Afghan invasion by U.S. The subject matter of the Pakhtun poetic works post 9/11 has greatly changed. They deal mostly with the lamentation and dejection in the aftermath of the war. The theme of identity is lost in the shock of the terrorism and bellowing of the drone attacks. Moreover Pakhtun nation as a whole are being labelled in the wake of current terrorism as terrorists and extremists due to the rise of Taliban. Labelling theory states that the self-identity of individuals may be determined by the terms we use to classify them. In such social chaos the Pakhtuns stand at the peril of losing their true nationalistic identity and the contemporary poets now need more than ever to reassert that identity and show themselves as a brave nation that is standing resolute against the antagonistic waves.

4) The Infinity Loop for Optimising Development of Empathy | By: Iván Győző Somlai


There is a human instinct to deplore undesired events rather than to understand them, creating room for error in judging future events. Understanding, in turn, requires mutual, deep analysis and relationship building that explores and analyses one another’s metacontext: society, culture, language, history, personal household circumstances, education, occupations, motivations and so on. Sincere understanding can elicit empathy which thereafter facilitates acceptance and adoption of changes in attitudes, behaviours and values. Be it bureaucratic disagreements, political imbroglios, development project multinational team disagreements or violent security circumstances, it has often been exceedingly difficult to attempt—let alone actually engage in—useful dialogues with adversaries, disputants or counterparts (what hereinafter I often refer to as “Others”). Yet dialogic efforts are indispensible in increasing understanding among conflicting or adversarial parties. To assist in overcoming such impasse in communication, this paper highlights a process integrating socio-anthropological and psychological techniques in abetting discernment and bridging disparate worlds.

5) Analysis of Socio-Economic Problems of Temporarily Dislocated People in Jalozai Camp District Nowshehra, Pakistan | By: Shah Nawaz Khan & Zeeshan Nawaz


Temporarily displaced person (TDP) is someone, who is forced to escape his/her home but remains within the country's border. It is difficult to get accurate figures for TDPs in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa(KP) in Pakistan because their population is constantly fluctuating as some are fleeing and others are returning back to their homes while some may come to camps for humanitarian help. This research is an attempt to analyze socio-economic problems of temporarily displaced people in Jalozai camp district Nowshehra in KP. The study is focused on various social and economic problems of the temporarily displaced people, which they were facing in Jalozai camp. This is a mixed method research which adopted focused group discussion and survey research designs. A questionnaire was designed distributed amongst 50 respondents. Major findings of the study indicate that temporarily displaced people face multi problems in Jalozai camp. These TDPs are facing problems including shortage of food and tents, access to clean drinking water while hygiene is another issue in the camp. Approximately 40,000 children were living in Jalozai camp and majority of TDPs families have not enrolled their children in schools. The security issue in TDPs’ camp is also an issue of concern. Different national and international NGOs and the government of KP are working in the camp to facilitate TDPs by providing basic necessities of life including basic health facilities, education, clean drinking water

6) Human Rights Violations in Swat Conflict: A Qualitative Study | By: Khurshaid, Muhammad Faheem, & Asfandyar Marwat


This study explores how humanitarian rights were violated in Swat during the conflict in 2007. Primary and secondary data was conducted by the authors to know the problems and sufferings of the people of Swat valley as a result of the war. The contacted sources established the fact that the humanitarian principles were severely violated by the parties of the Swat fighting. The inhabitants of the valley were found to be of the view that they suffered irreparable damages in terms of life, economy, education, food and honor etc. The existing literature on the issue also reinforces the views of the locals about their sufferings because of militancy. When the humanitarian principles of war against terrorism in Swat are analyzed, one reaches at the conclusion that there had been a significant gulf between claims and practices of the conflicting parties.

7) Multiperspective Narratives about Peshawar Massacre: An Analysis of American, Indian and Pakistani Medias | By: Ayisha Khurshid


The discourse build within in any narrative often has the quality of multiperspectivity, where facts can be blurred and reality can be manipulated. The present paper analyzes the embedded multiperspectivity in the narrative of Peshawar massacre where American, Indian and Pakistani medias have built their own respective discourses to present the issue in front of the audiences. The issue at hand is to explicate the convergence and divergence of frames employed by various medias under discussion to highlight how multiple level views are generated through single event. The Pakistani media framed the issue as the after math of Zarb-e- Azab operation, whereas American media tied it with Malala’s narrative. The Indian Media build the narrative around 26/11 and rejected Indian involvement in the atrocity. On the deeper level, the framings employed by all the medias under discussion highlight the vulnerability of security in Pakistan, yet the patriotic stance , blame game, misrepresentations, hate speech, along with strong message of abhorrence for violence add both convergence and divergence in each Multiperspective narratives about Peshawar incident. The reason for divergences in the narratives lies both in political as well as cultural patterns of all the medias under study. As the social responsibility on part of media cannot be denied, there is a need to educate the journalists not to be media frenzy but be responsible enough to present the facts and figures without vague or m

Volume No. 1

Issue No. 1