PUTAJ - Humanities and Social Sciences is HEC recognized journal, with a record of publishing quality research work in humanities and social sciences, biannually. It is an open access, peer-reviewed and refereed journal published by Peshawar University Teachers’ Association, University of Peshawar. The aims and objectives of PUTAJ - HSS is to publish up to date, high-quality and original research papers.
The articles in this issue contain critical, comprehensive, and contemporary issues of national and international affairs. The research papers in the issue covers a vast range of areas humanities and social science.
As the first issue of the 2018, the editorial team is delighted to introduce this volume of PUTAJ – Humanties and Social Sciences. On behalf of the editorial team, I would like to express our gratitude to the authors of the research articles published in this issue, and we acknowledge the substantial help, which both t