Journal of Science and Technology

1) CONSUMER’S RESPONSE TOWARDS ECO-FRIENDLY PRODUCTS: EVALUATION OF DISH WASHING DETERGENT POWDER PREPARED FROM WASTE MARBLE SLURRY

Authors

WISAL SHAH AND MUHAMMAD NAFEES ,

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to identify a simple method of recycling for marble slurry waste by converting it into dish-washing powder. For this purpose four formulations were prepared and evaluated by comparing them with commercial dish washing powder. For this purpose the prepared products were distributed in five house holds. For evaluation, a criteria based on four points were used. i) safe to use in terms of skin sensitivity ii) effective in cleaning iii) rinse easily and iv) consumer friendly in terms of economy. Consumer’s responses were recorded and analyzed. It was found that most people with skin allergies to toxic corrosive chemicals, prefers marble containing dish washing powder. The dish washing powder prepared from 50% Calcium Carbonate marble slurry, 20% Soda Ash, 20% Sulphonic acid and 10% soap stone shows excellent response in comparison of dish washing powder available in the market. It was therefore, concluded that the marble slurry waste can be converted into dishwashing powder.

2) FRUIT PLANT DIVERSITY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THEIR MEDICINAL USES IN THE HISTORICAL KALASH VALLEY, DISTRICT CHITRAL, HINDUKUSH RANGE, PAKISTAN

Authors

FAZAL HADI AND MUHAMMAD IBRAR ,

Abstract

The present research work was carried out in the historical Kalash valley of district Chitral, Pakistan which inhabits people having an ancient culture and religion and speaks indigenous language. The valley consists of three localities; Birir, Bumburet and Rumbor in the dried and rugged mountainous series of Hindukush range. The locals have their own way of use of plants and their product therefore, the present study was carried out to evaluate and document the wild and cultivated fruit plants species. The study also highlights the traditional medicinal uses of these plants in the area. Eighteen species belonging to 14 genera and 8 families were enlisted including Berberis lycium Royle., Cotoneaster nummularia Fisch & Mey., Crataegus songarica C. Koch, Cydonia indica L., Diospyrus lotus L., Elaeagnus angustifolia L., Ficus carica L., Juglans regia L., Morus alba L., Morus nigra L., Prunus armeniaca L., Prunus domestica L., Prunus persica (L.) Batsch., Pyrus communis L., Pyrus malus L., Punica granatum L., Rubus fruiticosus L. and Vitis venifera L. The botanical names, local names, locality, family, habit, occurrence, habitat and ethnomedicinal uses are written with each species. The present study is the 1st ever record of fruit plants from Kalash valley and their uses.

3) PREVALENCE OF HAEMONCHUS CONTORTUS IN MARKHOR OF CHITRAL GOL NATIONAL PARK

Authors

QAISAR JAMAL, SHAMA JAFAR AND AKRAM SHAH ,

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate infection of Haemonchus contortus in the markhor population of Chitral Gol National Park (CGNP). For this purpose 25 faecal samples were collected randomly from different spots at enough distance from each other to prevent repetition. These samples were then microscopically analyzed for the presence of H. contortus. Out of these 25 samples, 10 (40%) were positive for the parasite. Diagnosis was made through larval identification most of which were in L2 stagemolting into L3. Our study shows H. contortus presence in markhor population of CGNP. To investigate the health status of markhor, damage being caused by the parasite and role of local livestock in transmitting the parasite to markhors of the park, however, needs further comprehensive surveys.

4) IMPACT OF INSURGENCY ON HIGHER SECONDARY EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF TEHSIL BARA, KHYBER AGENCY FATA, PAKISTAN

Authors

SHAH NAWAZ KHAN, AMIR NAWAZ KHAN, IRFAN ULLAH, ATTA UR RAHMAN AND SAID QASIM ,

Abstract

The present study was conducted to analyze and assess the impact of insurgency on Higher Secondary education in tehsil Bara, Khyber Agency. The collected data from students and teachers of six higher secondary educational institutes and from the officials of FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) and Agency Education Officer (AEO) reveals that Insurgency has severely affected the field of higher secondary education and the institutes’ infrastructures were also sorely affected. The students, their parents and teachers faced a lot of problems and specially both psychologically and physically. In three subdivisions of Khyber Agency Bara was the most affected tehsil. During insurgency the Higher secondary schools and colleges were closed and non-functional during insurgency for almost seven years due to which the students’ dropout ratio was very high. Now the situation is getting normalize day by day but the government is not doing much in this regards. The government should strictly ensure the security of educational institutes and the demolished higher secondary school and colleges should be built on emergency basis. Free education and monthly stipend for the poor and needy students should be encouraged. Monthly packages for the teachers in the target area should be increased for making their job more attractive and attendance of the teachers should be made possible and in case of absentees strict punishment should be given. The students, their parents and teachers shoul

5) AN INQUIRY ON CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Authors

INTIKHAB ALAM, ANWARUL MUJAHID SHAH, NAUMAN REAYAT, AMIR NAWAZ KHAN AND SHAHID IQBAL ,

Abstract

This paper inquires the conceptual relationship between two evolving concepts: community participation and disaster management. While, many criticize the policies and institutions of government in post-disaster mitigating situation, this work argues that it is the group or community collective conscious which has the greatest potential and capacity to deal with natural disasters and recovering efforts to restore the situation to normalcy. Majority of global south countries are standout amongst the most defenseless zones to regular catastrophes on the planet. Verging on consistently diverse sorts of characteristic catastrophes happen in Bangladesh and pulverize numerous lives and assets of individuals. In spite of the fact that it is unrealistic to keep the event of catastrophes affected by common causes, legitimate arrangement, administration and human aggregate cooperation may minimize the naturally driven disastrous events happened. The global south is no special case in such manner. In any case, the administration of countries situated in the global south has embraced debacle administration arrangements and programs with particular accentuation on group support in a debacle administration cycle since decolonization. In view of literature this work breaks down the ways to deal with catastrophe administration and its socio-political underpinnings, furthermore talks about the part of social work to guarantee or augment group support in a debacle administration that may add to

6) COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AQUACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIES FOR THE PROVISION OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD IN DISTRICT SWAT, NORTHERN PAKISTAN

Authors

IMTIAZ AHMAD, ABDULLAH KHAN, MUHAMMAD NAFEES, SHAMS ALI BAIG ,

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the status of trout fish revenue with agriculture for the financial years 2014-15 on Madayan Fish Hatchery (MFH) in Swat. For this purpose, one Government hatchery and 30 private hatcheries at Madyan were intensively studied for one year. Data shown that the total productions in all hatcheries were165600 kg/annum where the Government hatchery contribution was 40600kg/annum while privates were 12500 kg/annum. In addition, Government hatchery release 190 thousands fish per annum into t River Swat and played an important role in fish conservation and eco-tourism promotion. However, the total annual expenditures for the Government and 10 private hatcheries were 8 and 25 million rupees, respectively. Thus, the revenue generated from aquaculture was two times high than that of agriculture and considered to be the good source of livelihood for the local residence. Findings from this study suggested that the establishment of modern aquaculture system in Madayan zone (Madayan to Parai) can effectively improve the socioeconomic conditions of the people and help to conserve trout and other fauna in Swat River’s network.

7) BIO ASSESSMENT OF GOLDEN MAHASHEER IN LOWER SWAT RIVER

Authors

EMAD UD DIN, SALMA KHALID, SAMIULLAH KHAN, ALIA NAZ AND ZIA-UR-REHMAN ,

Abstract

The present study was conducted for the bio assessment of the Golden Mahasheer (Tor putitora) at lower Swat River. Questionnaire survey, Hydro lab MS5, Standard bio-assessment techniques, electro-fishing techniques and scientific equipments like cast net density assessment were used for the purpose to assess and analyze specie abundance, investigate different habitat parameters and compare the existing status of Mahasheer and its habitat with pre-flood status in lower Swat River. Study findings showed that due to habitat degradation the population of Golden Mahasheer has greatly declined as compared to the pre flood status. Study findings showed that Swati machli is mostly found while Mahasheer was reported to be existed rarely before flood and currently don’t exist in river. On the basis of the results this study suggest proper plans for the protection of fish’s habitats and population, awareness of local communities and providing alternatives for the local fish dependent communities.

Volume No. 40

Issue No. 1