Peshawar Islamicus ISSN(Print): 2305-154X, ISSN(Online):2521-8409

3) غزوہ احد کے متعلق روایات سیرت میں اشکالات کا علمی جائزہ
Author(s):فیصل محمود/ڈاكٹر حافظ حفاظت اللہ

Abstract :

Islam is a religion which strongly supports freedom of expression as well as peace and stability in the community. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions were compelled to migrate from Makkah to Madina in order to protect their freedom of speech and freedom to practice their religion. However, they continued to face restrictions in various shapes even after their migration. It is a fact that if Muslims were not oppressed by their rivals, the wars between them would not have taken place. In many cases, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) took the defensive strategy when attacked by the Quraish. One of these cases is the battle of Uhud which took place in the third year after Hijrah. The Muslims met a grave tragedy in this battle as they suffered the loss of seventy Companions of the Prophet (PBUH). In the main sources of Seerah, all events related with this battle have been recorded thoroughly. Nevertheless, some complexities emerge when sources of these events are consulted. In the current paper, many complexities regarding the battle of Uhud have been addressed via a scholarly analysis and an effort is made to present it in a comprehensible form after elimination of these complexities
4) یہودیت میں تصور معاد کاتجزیاتی مطالعہ
Author(s):ضیاء الدین/ڈاكٹر جاویدخان

Abstract :

Owing to the fact, the doctrine of Eschatology had been an unavoidable theological subject in major world religions. The concept of Resurrection is the integral element of the doctrine of Eschatology, which was not only absent in the Holy Torah but also remained vague even in latter Jewish Literature. Aim of this paper was to find out how the concept of resurrection was interpreted throughout Jewish literature. It was investigated through discourse analysis that how the concept of resurrection was developed with the passage of time from main stream Judaism to the Sadducees, Reform and other Jewish sects. The findings of discourse analysis revealed that Medieval Judaism thought it in terms of Reincarnation and Transmigration of Soul while rejected by Reform Judaism in nineteenth century. Furthermore, not only this but even those Jews who believed in Resurrection they interpreted it in various senses; either to be corporeal, spiritual, individual or collective in the terms of restoration of Israel
5) علاء الدین خلجی (1295۔1315)کےدور کی انتظامی پالیسیاں : ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Author(s):منزہ حیات/ڈاكٹر سید نعیم بادشاہ

Abstract :

Alauddin Khilji was the most powerful, strict and successful ruler of Sub continent. During his reign of 20 years, Alauddin issued strict orders within the empire and implemented many reforms. In spite of numerous internal and external threats, Alauddin Khilji ruled effectively by establishing such a vast empire only through his administrative policies. Like other departments of the empire, Alauddin, on the advice of the members of the empire, formulated economic laws and regulations and implemented reforms. The following article reviews Alauddin Khilji's administrative policies. The government’s administrative reforms need to be highlighted, as well as the extent to which these reforms have been implemented. With these results in mind, these reforms and regulations should be incorporated into the current economic and political system so that the common man can avail the most of the resources provided by nature
6) رشوت کے اموال کا مصرف اور اس کے فقہی اثرات کا تحقیقی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاكٹر احسان اللہ چشتی/سعیدہ شہناز

Abstract :

In this article, an important social and legal issue bribery has been discussed in the light of Quran and traditions of prophet (peace be upon him) along with jurists opinions, writer has focused on two fundamental aspects of bribery, one of them is channel of spending of wealth gained by bribery, and the second one is legal impact of bribery in Islamic law. Muslim jurists have agreed upon the point, that bribery is not valid source of transferring of ownership, but they have different opinion regarding channel of spending, whether it would be considered the property of Bait u mal or would be returned to the actual owner, likewise what would be the status of conviction or absolving of accused, when a judge has decided case based on partiality and prejudice, due to bribery
7) اسلام ، ہندومت اور بدھ مت میں حیات بعد المما ت کا تصور
Author(s):صاعقہ نذیر/پروفیسردوست محمد خان

Abstract :

The life after death (eschatology) is one of the most important belief of all religions including, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism with different styles and dimension, Islam believes that life of all human beings will come to a complete end and they will be born again for reward and penalty of all the deeds they have performed and committed. In Hinduism, there is the concept of Avator, Tanasukh (Reincarnation) while Buddism, believes in the concept of Narawan and in Hayat Mukarraz (Rebirth). The present study aims at studying this concept in a comparative manner to analyse the common and conflicting areas among the three religions
8) صابئہ مندائیہ اور گنزا ربّا: ایک علمی اور تحقیق جائزہ
Author(s):حافظ فیاض علی /ڈاكٹر محد التماس

Abstract :

Three religions are generally considered as Semitic religions; Judaism, Christianity and Islam. But in the light of Quran it seems that there are four Semitic religions. i.e Sabian and Mandaean religion. It is Monotheistic Gnostic religion in the light of the teachings of his Holy books. The members of this sect are living in Iraq. There are various opinions about Sabian religion. Most of the Scholars admit their existence in the present World. However, according to Jewish Encyclopedia the European Scholars who first heard about Sabian religion is in the Seventeenth century. In fact, they have a Holy Scripture which is called Jinza Rabba in Aramaic language. Their religious symbol is called Darfash
9) التفكير الناقد وأهميته في التعليم والتربية
Author(s):د.محمد ظاهر شاه/د.محمد سلیم هوید

Abstract :

In various Qur’anic Verses Almighty Allah instructed man to think deeply about the creation of the heavens, the earth, the mountains, the birds, animals, and other phenomena of the nature. Therefore, thinking is a significant characteristic of human beings and it has different types, including critical, creative, analytical, logical, cognitive, scientific, cross-sectional, inductive, effective, practical or functional and comprehensive. In this article, we have tried to focus on critical thinking and its importance in education, because it develops the student's abilities, skills, creativity and makes the students able to criticize and evaluate the texts and opinions. We have divided it into three sections: 1.The definition of critical thinking. 2. Criteria for critical thinking and its styles. 3. The importance of critical thinking in education
10) الضوابط الشرعية لإصدار البطاقات البنكية
Author(s):د.محمد انس رضوان/د.كفایت الله همدانی

Abstract :

From Barter trading system to crypto currency, means of payment has kept changing throughout the history of mankind. During this evolutionary process, bank cards have gained much importance mainly due to advancement in technology. At present, all types of cards are being used by the customers all around the world to do transactions. Muslim consumers always look towards Shari’ah perspective over any such transactions and the mechanisms in which they are conducted because Shari’ah and Islamic law are comprehensive to address any of the contemporary issues arising due to the changes in transaction procedure and payment mechanisms. Therefore, this study explored the Islamic perspective over fundamental issues related to banks card being faced by consumers. First, what is the point of view of Shari’ah regarding currency? Second, what are the guidelines of Islamic Law for the issuance of Bank Card.? Third, this study addresses the different financial matters between the card holder and issuer of the card, inter alia, card issuance fee, renewal fee, annual fee, insurance, currency exchange rates, late payment fines and bank promotions. All authentic sources have been explored to perform this study. Since this study comes up with Shri’ah guidelines on the issues enlisted above, this paper has several implications on financial institutions and consumers who use such cards because financial institutions may apply all such guidelines to Islamize these transactions and attract
11) التشبيه التمثيلي وسماته البلاغية
Author(s):د.محمد سلیم هوید/د.حبیب الله خان

Abstract :

The article discusses the definition of Rational Simile both as grammatical and rhetorical terminology. The researcher has tried to point out, within the idiomatic definition, the differences of opinions and interpretations among the grammatical and rhetorical scholars in the idiomatic definition of Rational Simile. The ancient rhetoric’s have cared a lot in their researches and works and have dealt with it in separate chapters and books. Imam Abd al-Qaher al-Jurjāni, was the first scholar how differentiate between Simile and Rational Simile in his book The Asrar ul Balāghā, then the rhetoric’s differed in its definition, the researcher mentioned the opinion of Imam Abd al-Qaher al-Jurjāni and the scholar Al-Sakaki, and al-Qazwinį, then he balanced among these definitions, and mentioned a comprehensive definition of Rational Simile which include all its kinds
12) القراءات القرآنية وأثرها على الأحكام الفقهية
Author(s):د.قاری رب نواز/نظام الدین كامل

Abstract :

Qira'at (Variant Readings is plural of Qira't, it means a set of different readings of the Quran transmitted by the reciters and attributed to a famous expert of them from the last half of 1st and 2nd century A.H. There is a strong relation between these variant reading and Fiqhi Ahkam as the Islamic scholars are on the opinion that Quran is the first and most authentic source of Shariah and the majority of Muslim scholars’ belief that tow Regular Variants is like two verses. In this research we will discuss the impact of Variants on the Fiqhi Ahkam and we will see the importance and role of different regular and irregular Variants of the Quran on these Ahkam, in addition to that we will know the methodology of sharia scholars in dealing with these Variants of the Quran
13) عناية المحدثات بصحيح البخاري "دراسة و تدريسا"
Author(s):د۔عبدالحئی مدنی/د۔دوست محمد

Abstract :

Abstract Muslim women have played a very active role in Learning, teaching the noble knowledge of Hadith ant its sciences. These Muslim women scholars worked hard for rectification of the society. Holy prophet (PBUH) motivated and encouraged them to learn and participate in educational gatherings etc., so we can find a huge number of women experts in Hadith and its narration. Many women scholars taught a big number of male Hadith students along with females.in the 5th century of migration a great woman scholar Kareemah Marwaziyyah taught male imams the great book “Saheeh Bukhari ”.From that period we can find many women Hadith Teachers in every century and this is because our male scholars gave importance to educate their daughters ,sister,wives, resultily the nation could have a great number of women Hadith scholars. Many male scholars got permission to narrate “Saheeh Bukhari” from their female teachers. I discussed in this article: • Importance given by male scholars to teach women the Hadith and its sciences. • Role of female Hadith scholars in teaching “Saheeh Bukhari”. • Ten famous women Hadith scholars and their contribution
14) المنهج النقدي الحديثي عند الإمام ابن الملقِّن في ضوء الكتاب "البدر المنير (دراسة تطبيقية نقديّة)
Author(s):سجادعلی/د.محمد الیاس

Abstract :

Removing the fabricated and forgery sayings from the reliable Ahadith heritage is the prominent work of Muslim Scholars which was made possible due to their ever-lasting struggle, sincerities and miraculous memorization. In other words, it is the gift of Allah which He bestowed upon them due to which they scrutinized and examined Ahadith of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). They made firm rules for distinguishing the authentic and acceptable Ahadith collection from the forgery. They picked out those Ahadith, in which there was some type of defect like an expert who picks out the fake coins from the genuine one. ‎“Imam Ibnul Mulaqqin” is one of these Ahadith experts who made excessive work in pointing out the reasons of hidden weakness in Ahadith. So this article deals with his methodology of work through his historical book “Albdrul-Muneer”‎ and what about the main principals of the authenticity of Ahadith according to him
15) Legal Jurisdiction of DNA Test for Promulgation of Hudud & Taʿzir: Analytical Study
Author(s):Dr.Musferah Mehfoz/Dr. Syed Naeem Badshah

Abstract :

The DNA technology has been expanded to the horizons of various fields like genetic weapons, human expansion, patenting and inventions, biotechnology, and genetic engineering other than having its importance in the civil and criminal investigation. And it is still through the way of developments. In this research, the efforts have been made to prove that in the present scientific era DNA Printing Test could be helpful for the promulgation of hudūd and Taʿzīr, or it could be a source of justice for the victim of injustice along with the accurate identification of criminal without any doubt and suspicion? For this purpose, I have provided a detailed discussion about the promulgation of hudūd and Taʿzīr from prophetic era till now, and to try to relate the Scientific method of testimony to historical method, the study explores the resolutions of Islamic Fiqh Academies, opinions of modern scholars, decisions of muslins jurists in past, legal opinions of Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences, along with the reliability and authenticity of DNA Printing Test, to find out the solution. The methodology applied in the discussion is critical analysis based on inductive and deductive approaches
16) War of Independence in Perspective of English Historiography in Muslim India
Author(s):Muhammad Akbar/Dr. Muhammad Imran

Abstract :

Historiography of British India has been a subject of wide scope of understandings, approaches and positions. Articulations of every one of those historiographical writings have their inclines as indicated by the conditions. That range could be grouped under numerous topical movements. This paper investigates the specific arrangement of accentuations that rose in the portrayals of Indian Muslims during the awful accidents of 1857–59. These portrayals have been analyzed in detail, first through the correspondence of John William Kaye (1814-76), and afterward through an examination of those compositions with G.B. Malleson and J.C. Browne. Prior to continuing to that conversation, in any case, the accompanying two prefatory sections will fret about a reassessment of the historiography encompassing the War of Independence and of British impression of Indian Muslims. The focal contention proposed in these sections is that the War of Independence set up without precedent for Indian irritation with British. These writings were altogether at difference with Anglo-Indian insight yet neither the way of its rise, nor the determination with which has ever sufficiently been clarified. The accentuation here is on the curiosity of such an observation in Anglo-Indian ideological developments of Indian society, involving as it did the vicious conflation of a progression of related however until now discrete components
17) Imam Shafie’s Collaborative Research Based Teaching Methodology
Author(s):Dr. Parveen Khan/Prof. Dr. H. Inamullah

Abstract :

The purpose of the study was to explore Imam Shafie’s (767- 820) teaching methodology, thoughts of education, and impacts of his teaching. He is one of the most influential academic leaders of the world even after passing more than twelve hundred years, he has still been followed by millions of people round the world because of his collaborative research based teaching methodology, formalization of education ,and thoughts of education. By using the said teaching methodology he has expended education globally that laid the foundation of modern world. This paper persuaded it by using method of replication and adaptation followed by inductive and comparative analysis. The methods of replication (The process of making duplicate notes from scripts, books and articles) and adaptation (The process of developing new ideas from old recipe) were used in the process of literature review. Data was collected from both primary and secondary sources available in the form of books, electronically published materials and research papers. Collected and compiled data was analyzed by using two analytical approaches i.e. inductive analysis (logical process to generalize ideas) and comparative analysis ( techniques used to compare one method or idea with another)
18) A comparative analysis of Modern and Quranic Account of Mountains
Author(s):Dr.M.Jamal Nasir/Dr. Muhammad Alam

Abstract :

Indeed, whenever one approach the divine words of Quran he discovers a wonder. Quran is not intended for a specific group of people or time or a particular field. It not only addresses the common man but time and again it challenges the people of high intellect. The Qur'an is not a book of geology or geomorphology and does not provide a unified description of the mountains. Instead there are verses dispersed all over the Quran which describe certain aspects of mountains with varying detail. The primary objectives of this paper is to analyze the role of mountains describe by Quran in comparison to the modern scientific findings. The Quran describe mountains 49 time, the word mountain (الجبال ) is appear 39 times, and expressed in 10 other verses. The description of mountains provided by Quran can be clearly divided into two distinct classes. Firstly the verses of Quran which describe the mountain in general sense and it address the common people with limited understanding. While there are certain passages which explain the geomorphological and geological account of mountains and clearly it challenge the man with high intellectual. The Quran systematically report the mountains as pegs or pickets and describe it as stabilizer for earth. By describing the mountains as “pegs” the Quran not only describe the outward extension of the mountains but also emphasizes its downward extensions within the earth. The role of mountains as stabilizers can be justified by the fa
19) Assessing the Impact of Modernization on Dressing Pattern concerning Pardah (A Socio-Religious Obligation): Qualitative Evidence from Swat, Pakistan
Author(s):Imran/Shahid Iqbal

Abstract :

Dressing is one of the basic requirements of humans' life. Over time, the dressing pattern witnessed changes. The concept of dressing along with that observance of Pardah is considered as both social and religious obligation for both men and women which is evident from the holy Quran and Hadith. Social scientists, particularly sociologists are studying and researching for understanding the phenomena of change while reviewing life patterns and looking into human interactions & its nature which is getting the influence of modern-day forces shaping and altering attitude and behavior. While tracing the probable reasons of change in dressing shape and observance of Purdah; the concept of modernization cannot be overlooked in this regard. The researchers investigated the phenomena of change with the major objectives to ascertain the impact of modernization on dressing patterns especially the practice of Pardah in Pakhtun society. The qualitative research approach was used whereas the data was collected from different segments of Swat through stratified random sampling procedure while using focus group discussions and in-depth-interviews as research instruments. It was c oncluded that the overall dressing pattern and observance of Purdha are facing negative consequences of modernization

Volume No. 10

Issue No. 01

Jan-June, 2019