The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences

1) The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Author(s):Chief Editor Prof. Muhammad Jahanzeb Khan, PhD

Abstract :

The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (JHSS), a refereed and internationally indexed journal recognised by the HEC, is published biannually by the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Peshawar, with the approval of the competent authority. No part of the material published in this journal be reproduced, reprinted, or copied without the prior permission of the chief editor.
2) Love as A Force for Women’s Liberation and Identity in Nadeem Aslam’s Maps for Lost Lovers
Author(s):Aamer Shaheen1 and Sadia Qamar Government College University, Faisalabad Nazia Kirn Government Degree College for Women, Chak Jhumra, Faisalabad

Abstract :

The present study focusses on Nadeem Aslam’s use of love plot in his novel Maps for Lost Lovers (2004) as the means of showcasing resistance to a misogynist culture in a fictional multicultural town in England: Dasht-e-Tanhaii. The Chanda/Jugnu love plot, contextualizing the complicated dynamics of a multicultural society, serves the purpose of granting the female characters a peculiar sense of liberty and identity in the wake of an oppressive male dominant society and culture. The study reflects critically upon the Chanda/Jugnu love relationship by employing feminist thoughts of Gayatri Spivak supported with Erich Fromm’s ideas about love. Reading Aslam’s female characters, through Spivak’s (1988) perspective, as the speechless subalterns of the Third World, the paper endeavors to establish Aslam as a Third world, albeit male, intellectual who grants his female protagonist Chanda to pursue love as a speech action to defy her subalternity in a social milieu essentially designed by an imperialist patriarchy. Fromm’s (1956) notion of learning and following the art of love, as a sole recourse to seek out solutions to the problems of human existence, remains a guiding principle to understand the Chanda/Jugnu love plot. The study, exploring Aslam’s use of women’s love as an emancipatory force helping them raise their voices to reclaim their freedoms and identities, is significant as amid other critically evaluated social issues presented in Maps for Lost Lovers, the
3) Rebuilding a Social Contract: The Role of Media and Academia in shaping a new narrative in Pakistan
Author(s):Agnieszka Kuszewska1 Institute of Middle and Far East, Jagiellonian University in Krakow

Abstract :

The paper aims to provide an insight into the role of media and academia in shaping a new narrative in Pakistan (by strengthening the national cohesion, economic and social progress), with reference to the fundamental laws as enunciated in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The initial research hypothesis envisages the necessity of providing an updated narrative for rebuilding the social contract in order to introduce greater social equality and provide better chances for the multidimensional development of Pakistan’s citizens. There are three major assumptions in this research: There is a need to come up with an updated formula for the state-society relations and need to re-negotiate the social contract at multiple levels by taking into consideration the voice of the public. All decision-makers and influencers from the media, civil society, civil and military bureaucracy, business and academia, have their distinctive role in rebuilding/renewing the social contract. The media and academia have unprecedented role in the development of a rules-based society, thus their contribution to reshaping a narrative in Pakistan should not be underestimated. Modern, 21st century social order should adhere to the principles of equality and empowerment of the underprivileged groups, as articulated in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
4) Pre and Post Privatization Assessment and Banks’ Performance: A Case of South Asian Countries
Author(s):Ahmed Imran Hunjra and Ashiq Ali UIMS-PMAS- Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan Haroon Bakari1 Department of Business Administration, University of Sindh Campus, Thatta

Abstract :

We investigate the pre and post-privatisation performance of the banking sector in Pakistan, Bangladesh and India. We use five years pre and post-privatization data from financial reports of the privatized banks. We apply ratio analysis and paired sample t-test to analyze the results. We find Pakistani banking sector performed well after privatization while Indian and Bangladeshi banking sector shows the insignificant difference in performance after privatization.
5) Impact of Internally Displaced People on Crimes, A study of Township Police Station, District Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Author(s):Muhammad Jamal Nasir, Anwar Saeed Khan1 and Ihtiramullah Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Crimes are the major social problem of a society and need proper attention, since the increase of crime in a society adds to the economic social and psychological sufferings of the masses. Government of Pakistan set up the military operation (zarb-i-azab) on 15 June, 2014, in North Waziristan Agency, targeting non state armed elements. The operations caused large scale displacements, one of the largest and fastest displacement take place anywhere in the world in recent years. The IDP’s affected not only the socio-economic condition of the host communities, but also cause an increase in criminal activities. The present study is aimed to evaluate the impact of internally displaced people on the increase of crime rate in township Police station, district Bannu. The reported crimes data from Township police station was collected for 2010 and 2015 representing the before and after IDP’s crime rate respectively. The collected data was analyzed with a predetermined objective of evaluating the impact of IDP’s on the increase of crime in the study area. The analysis was carried out in crime analyst extension of ARC Map 10.2.1 software. The crime data was analyzed Geo-spatially as well as for hot spot identification. The analysis reveals that almost all the reported crimes record an increase after the inflow of IDP’s. However, some of the crime records an overwhelming increase, for instance cases of aerial firing increased from 14 in 2010 to 144 in 2015, drug related crimes in
6) Psychological Aspects of Police Training in Responding to Terrorism in Pakistan
Author(s):Farhat Ullah1 Department of Social Work & Sociology, Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat-Pakistan Muhammad Ibrar Department of Social Work, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

The study titled “Psychological aspects in police training and its role in responding to terrorism in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (a province touched with the border of Afghanistan), Pakistan” exploring the perception of police personnel about psychological aspects of police training and its significance and role in responding to terrorism. For data collection, a structured questionnaire was designed by using a Likert scale from 363 respondents determined through the Sekaran table from a total population size of 6564. To find out the sample size for each stratum, a proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used while a systematic sampling method was applied to select the samples from the three chosen sample groups. To find out the association between dependent and independent variable Chi-square test was used. The majority of the respondents opined that mental stress affects police performance (P=.004), and knowledge of human behavior is important for every police personnel (P=.000) and there is a lack of activities for releasing stress (P=.000). It is concluded from the study that the psychological aspect in police training is needed to be focused to counter the terrorists. The study suggests improving the psychological conditions of police personnel in police training and to strengthen police mentally to fight more efficiently against terrorists.
7) Rise of Islamism as Political Speculation: Turkey in Chronological Perception
Author(s):Gul-e-Zahra1 and Mughees Ahmad Department of Political Science and International Relations, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

Abstract :

Islam has been assessed as speculation or a tenet for a political venture since many years. The foremost methodical efforts for varied the religion into a political speculation were within toil of “Islamic modernists”. In Islamic political thinking ‘Secularism’ is the contentious notion because of the chronological aspects, issues and vagueness of a notion itself. A foremost dilemma is an existence of ‘secularism’ in the ‘Muslim’ states. Analyzed within the “Turkish” standpoint with the “Ottomans” religious modernization abides the leading incident converting a canon belonging to the belief into a speculation to legalize a modernist political development. Topical incident of “political Islam” has the traditionally novel occurrence. Islamism and its crucial traditions have been acknowledging its authority in Turkey. An evaluation of the belief of Islam as well as its exclusive attributes particularly those that might have associated with the political affairs and government of the Turkish Republic; help to comprehend the connection between the two. Majority of the Muslim inhabitants influences the state politically as well as communally. This dissertation scrutinizes the Islamism as political speculation in Turkish republic. It endeavors to ascertain the chronological stipulation under which this function has assorted. While appraising the internal strain of “post-colonial nationalism”, this paper consigns the existing position of pious politics
8) Assessing the Impact of Coping Mechanisms on Marital Quality in Dual Career Couples: An Empirical Study in Peshawar, Pakistan
Author(s):Khalil ur Rahman Department of Sociology, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan

Abstract :

This study was carried out to underscore the impact of coping mechanisms on the marital quality of dual career couples in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. Coping mechanism was selected as independent variable and marital quality was selected as dependent variable of our study. Further, coping mechanism was explored through three constituent variables including problem-based coping, emotion-based coping and negotiation-based coping while the constituent variables of marital quality were marital satisfaction, communication, togetherness and marital disagreement. Data was collected through three-point Liker type scale from 388 purposively selected respondents in the six selected universities and three hospitals in Peshawar city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The collected data was analyzed through means and standard deviation to ascertain the level and degree of marital quality and the adopted coping mechanisms of dual career couples. Regression and correlational analysis were conducted to explore relationships between the selected variables. It was found that problem focused, emotion focused, and negotiation-based coping were positively and significantly related with marital satisfaction, marital communication and marital togetherness while negatively related with marital disagreement. It was concluded from this study that quality problem solving skills, positive emotional responses, and friendly communication enhances marital satisfaction, marital interaction and overall mari
9) Gendering the Childhood: A Feminist Critique of Asymmetries Found in Punjabi Proverbs
Author(s):Lubna Akhlaq Khan1 Assistant Professor of English under Higher Education Department, Lahore Muhammad Safeer Awan Dean of Faculty of English Studies at the National University of Modern Languages (N

Abstract :

The present study aims to critically analyze Punjabi proverbs related to childhood in the light of Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis. Stratified purposive sampling has been used to identify a collection of 164 Punjabi proverbs that mention sons and daughters or boys and girls. The source of these selections is a dictionary (Bajwa, 2011). FCDA focuses on the production, negotiation, and dissemination of gendered relations of power through discursive practices. Proverbs are transcribed and translated and divided into thematic domains and categories with the help of native speakers having English proficiency. The results of the quantitative analysis indicate that the girls are target characters in a more significant number of proverbs compared to the boys. The study contends that male babies and boys have been presented in a glorifying and satisfying manner while female babies and girls are depicted as some calamity and burden. The analysis revealed that Punjabi society is biased towards children based on their gender. These discursive patriarchal tendencies are not only depreciating female children but also depriving them of their self-esteem and social confidence. Gender bias is not only being reflected but also conserved, propagated, and perpetuated through such traditional folk genre. It can be suggested that such ideologically loaded cultural oral traditions must be brought under severe scrutiny and replaced by more neutral oral genres.
10) Investigating the Role of Identity Styles in Predicting Psychological Well-Being amongst Adults from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Author(s):Rukhsana Y. Maroof1 and Muhammad Jahanzeb Khan Department of Psychology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Erik Erikson’s (1968) seminal work provided a basis for further research relating to correlates and outcomes linked with ego-identity formation/maintenance in adolescence and adulthood. Erikson’s emphasis on gaining a firmer sense of identity is considered for future psychosocial adjustment. This study was designed to examine stylistic differences in processing identity-related information and their relations with aspects of psychological well-being amongst adult population. Four-hundred individuals (185 males and 215 females) ranging in age from 17 to 50 years (M = 26.10; SD = 8.59) were recruited from various educational institutions and work places located in urban areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Identity style inventory (version-5) developed by Berzonsky et al. (2013) and Ryff’s (1989) psychological well-being scale (middle version consisting of 54 items) were used as tools to collect the relevant information. The findings revealed that individuals with an informational style scored higher on all the subscales of psychological well-being. On the contrary, diffuse-avoidant persons showed the opposite pattern. Normative style users were low on well-being aspects of environmental mastery, autonomy, and personal growth. However, they scored significantly higher on the psychological well-being subcomponents such as positive relations with others, and purpose in life. Moreover, the findings indicate that as age increased, dependence on informational style also incr

Volume No. Volume XXVII No.1 2019

Issue No. Volume XXVII No.1 2019

Volume XXVII No.1 2019