The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences

1) Pashtun memoirs of war from Af-Pak: Literary resistance and the struggle for peace in Ghulam Qadir Khan Daur’s Cheegha—The call and Qais Akbar Omar’s A fort of nine towers
Author(s):Aiman Khattak Doctoral Scholar at the Department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, The University of Warwick, UK. E-mail: a.khattak@warwick.ac.uk

Abstract :

The Durand Line cuts through tribal lands of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Pashtun tribes on both sides of this border have centuries-old mutual ties which go deeper than sect, religion, land or race. Despite partition in mid-twentieth century, both regions have retained a proximal relationship in global socio-politics. Ranging from Soviet invasion of Afghanistan to 9/11, one finds this relationship frequently being reiterated and reinforced. This paper attempts to highlight the firm bond the indigenous people of these regions, collectively seen as Af-Pak, hold along with the similar challenges they faced during the “war on terror”. It will also stress that the particular way of life of Pashtuns draws the two regions together, but the same way of life also leaves them vulnerable to foreign interventionism. Anglophone writers from both countries have drawn attention to this shared fate through their post-war narratives, including novels, memoirs, autobiographies, and journalistic writing. These writers include Khaled Hosseini, Nadeem Aslam, Ghulam Qadir Khan Daur, Qais Akbar Omar and M. Salahuddin Khan, to name just a few. This paper, however, specifically brings forth some of the intricacies of the American “war on terror” that Daur and Omar relate in their memoirs: Cheegha—The Call (2014) and A Fort of Nine Towers (2013) respectively. Most importantly, it will highlight the way these writers have written back to resist the notion of tribal terrorism (which got popular
2) A comparative study of belief in Mazu and Guanyin in China
Author(s):Tian Chong Department of History &Pakistan Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan; Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, Hebei, China; Songshan Shaolin Wushu College, China. E-mail:

Abstract :

Mazu and Guanyin are two well-known deities in China each Chinese family considers them as the protectors and rescuers when disasters happening. With the influence of social development, these gods gradually are ascended into two almighty goddesses with perfect, divine power, supreme clergy and infinite cohesion. Based on the analysis and collation of a large number of documents, this paper points out that the similarities and differences of between Mazu belief and Guanyin belief by comparing their development in Chinese society. The similarities are mainly manifested in the diverse duties of being a deity, and the range of this belief enlarging from several local regions to the whole world, and the development of deities’ duties from single to multiple. The differences are mainly reflected in three aspects: the pagination way of the two goodness, Guanyin is a Buddha derived from Indian god, Mazu is a China's native goddess who went to the overseas later; In terms of the transformation mode, Guanyin is transformed from an official deity to a folk deity, and Mazu is a folk deity at beginning and then gradually authenticated by the government as an official deity; the various development trajectories of their duties, Guanyin's duty was first centered on salvation, and then gradually expanded to the deity of the sea, while Mazu's duty was just opposite.
3) Rise by sin or fall by virtue: A Marxist study of class consciousness in The white tiger, and How to get filthy rich in rising Asia
Author(s):Zarina Qasim, Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Sargodha. E-mail: zareena.qasim@uos.edu.pk Shaehroz Anjum Butt: M.Phil Scholar, Department of English, University of Sargodha.

Abstract :

The present research aims to investigate and describe the phenomenon of class consciousness by keeping in its center the lines of social stratification. The core of this study is to probe the nature of class consciousness permeating through the selected postcolonial texts; Adiga‟s The White Tiger and Hamid‟s How to Get Filthy Rich in Rising Asia which are the primary source of data for the current research. It takes into account the rich and the poor divide which can aptly be illustrated by seeking guidance from the concepts of class and class consciousness manifested in the Marxist critical theory. The term class consciousness here implies the contents derived from the social choices which are pertinent to the class and on the basis of the references set by class consciousness the class members struggle to lead their lives. Additionally, the study tends to inquire whether the level of class consciousness attained by members of working class makes them eligible to escape from the shackles of class servitude or not. The selected texts have been subjected to close textual analysis. An extensive reading of the novels brings forth the outcomes which have been interpreted in the light of much celebrated Marxist concepts. The results vividly indicate that the class segregation and class consciousness thrive in Adiga‟s and Hamid‟s fictional expedition. It seems as if the characters gradually develop class consciousness and exercise it within their social circle. The contempo
4) Relationship between teachers’ non-verbal immediacy behaviors and students’ motivation: An evidence from Pakistani ESL classrooms
Author(s):Mahrukh Shakir, Assistant Professor, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KPK, Pakistan Email. mahrukh@awkum.edu.pk

Abstract :

This study focused on finding the relationship, which might exist, between non-verbal immediacy behaviors of teachers and students‟ motivation in Pakistani ESL classrooms. The study adopted a quantitative survey design for which questionnaire was developed for data collection purposes. The researchers focused on finding answer to how do students perceive their respective teachers‟ nonverbal behaviour in Pakistani ESL classes, and whether any relationship exists between teachers‟ non-verbal immediacy behavior and students‟ class motivation. Sample of the research study consisted of university students in order to ascertain the afore-mentioned relationship in ESL classrooms. Findings of the study show that there exist both motivating and de-motivating factors which have strong relationship with teachers‟ non-verbal immediacy behaviors. Students‟ perceptions of teacher‟s immediacy behaviors are positively connected with student‟s class motivation. In light of the findings, the study has suggested some recommendations regarding teachers‟ immediacy role in the motivation of their students.
5) Impact of organizational structure on management innovation in public sector universities of Pakistan
Author(s):Syed Ali A research scholar at Institute of Management Studies University of Peshawar Muhammad Imran Associate Professor at Institute of Management Sciences Peshawar Naimat U. Khan Assistant Prof

Abstract :

The paper analyses the effect of two components of organizational structure (formalization and centralization) on management innovation. The research uses the theoretical framework of dual-core theory of innovation. For this purpose, the data is collected with the help of questionnaire from 190 academics of public sector universities in Peshawar, Pakistan by using convenient sampling technique. The analysis is done with the help of structural equation modeling and hierarchical regression analysis. The findings show that the centralization in organizational structure enhances management innovation. They also indicate that formalization has a significantly positive impact on management innovation. The implication of the results refer that a tighter and well-directed control from „above‟ can lead to efficient utilization of resources which results in innovation.
6) The impact of financial factors on investment decision with moderating role of firm size: Evidence from textile-based firms in Pakistan
Author(s):Kamran Ullah MS scholar in Management Sciences, SZABIST, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan Muhammad Arif Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences, University of Swabi, Pakistan. Email: dr.ar

Abstract :

The study examines the moderating role of firm size in the relationship between financial factors and investment decision in textile sector of Pakistan stock exchange (PSX). Descriptive statistics, correlation and fixed effect regression analysis was applied on a sample of 20 textile firms for a period of 10 years (2009-2018).The study results a significant positive effect of financial leverage (FL), cash flow (CF), firm size (FZ) and Tobin’s Q on Investment Decision (D) whereas profitability has an insignificant effect on Investment Decision. It was also found that firm size positively moderates the relationship between financial leverage, Tobin’s Q and investment decision and negatively moderates the relationship between profitability and investment decision. However Firm Size does not moderate the relationship between cash flow and investment decision. The contribution is rare with inclusion of Firms Size as moderator in association between FL, profitability, CF, and Tobin’s Q and investment decision of listed textile firms in PSX.
7) Preparation of ethical subjects through the technologies of the self: A case study of Al-Huda International acting as women’s moral agency
Author(s):Noor Hamid Khan Mahsud Department of Pakistan Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. E-mail: nhkmaseed22@gmail.com Wasai 2PhD, candidate in Taxila Institute of Asian Civilizations

Abstract :

Al-Huda is a school-turned social movement with focus on upper and middle-class women of Pakistani society. The movement, headed by a female, has established a new trend in the South Asian Islamic tradition as it has encroached upon a sphere, the religious authority, which has been an exclusive domain of the male. Al-Huda's discourse, once internalized, is manifest in the changes that these Al-Huda affiliates experience in their ideology, behavior and lifestyle, thus turning them into a moral agencyi. However, its narrow approach with no space for values other than those that are part of the Holy Quran and Sunnah is a matter of concern for many. Its reaction to the process of globalization plays an important role in its popularity. Al-Huda's discourse, through 'technologies of the self,' provides its graduates with self-examining tools to become and remain what Paul-Michel Foucault calls 'ethical subjects.' Al-Huda's rapid popularity and prominence has also invited severe criticism from both conservative and liberal segments of the society.
8) The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
Author(s):Faizullah Jan

Abstract :

Nil

Volume No. 29, 1

Issue No. 29, 1, 2021

JHSS/29, 1 2021