FAZAL HADI, MUHAMMAD IBRAR
Abstract: The present study describes the non-flowering plants of Kalash valley, district Chitral. Perhaps very few researchers worked on this aspect of plant diversity in Pakistan. Kalash valley is interesting not only for its natural resources and medicinal plants but it also inhabits descendants of Alexander the Great with indigenous culture and language that attracts national and international interest. 15 species of non flowering plants belonging to 12 genera were reported from Birir, Bumburet and Rumbor areas of Kalash valley, district Chitral, Pakistan. Out of 10 families, Pteridophyte was a leading group with six families Adiantaceae, Aspleniaceae, Cystopteridaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Equisetaceae and Pteridaceae followed Bryophytes with four families Aytoniaceae, Funariaceae, Marchantiaceae and Polytrichaceae. Fungi have only one family Halveliaceae. Each of the species is represented by botanical names, families, distribution, conservation status and ethnobotanical uses. The plants are mostly critically endangered and are seem to be at severe treats due to anthropogenic hazards and habitats lose. Some of these plants are locally used as vegetables, fodder, expectorant, anti-pyretic and diuretic.
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