The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences

1) Volume XXIII, No 3, 2015 (December)
Author(s):Chief Editor Mujib Rahman, PhD (Edinburgh) Dean, Faculty of Arts & Humanities Department of English & Applied Linguistics University of Peshawar Office Secretary Muhammad Altaf

Abstract :

The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (JHSS), a refereed and internationally indexed journal recognised by the HEC, is published triennially (April, August, and December) by the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of Peshawar, with the approval of the competent authority. No part of the material published in this journal be reproduced, reprinted, or copied without the prior permission of the editor.
2) Does Efficient Management of Working Capital have a Parallel Impact on the Profitability of Small and Large Firms?
Author(s):Mustafa Afeefa, Kausar Takreemb, Qadar Bakhsh Balochc a Iqra National University, Hayatabad, Peshawar, Pakistan b College of Home Economics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan c National Un

Abstract :

Working Capital Management has an overriding impact on a firm’s profit performance. However, the profitability of large firms, unlike small ones, might show a different degree of sensitivity to the efficient management of working capital. One wonders as to which category of firms (small or large) exhibit more escalation in their profitability as a result of a decent management of their working capital. Exploring the answer to this query is the foremost aim of the present work. To investigate, effect of working capital management was determined on profitability of small and large organizations separately and their results were compared. Findings from the comparison suggested that indicators of working capital management had a more perceptible impact on profitability of firms of relatively larger size. It is, thus, suggested for managers of large-sized corporations to redouble their thought on effective and vigilant management of their working capital so as to invigorate profitability.
3) Leadership Processes and Employee Attitude in HEIs: A comparative study in the backdrop of Likert’s Systems Theory
Author(s):Wajeeha Aurangzeb National University of Modern Languages, H- 9, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract :

Present study was conducted to make a comparison among leadership processes and employee attitude in public and private sector organizations in the light of Likert’s System 1-4 Organizational Theory. This theory indicates that System 1 is led by autocratic leadership processes which manifest negative employee attitude and System 4 is more towards democratic side showing a positive employee attitude. Three universities from each sector in Islamabad region having Social Sciences and Management Sciences departments were randomly selected and 200 faculty members were taken as sample of the study. An Opinionnaire having 36 statements in two subscales was used to collect data. Its psychometric properties were determined and Chronbach’s alpha .89 confirmed its reliability. Data analysis revealed that public sector organizations come under the domain of System 3 and private sector in System 2 in leadership processes. Employee attitude and leadership processes were positively correlated in public sector and negatively correlated in private sector. 83% of the variance in leadership processes was due to employee attitude in both the sectors. It was concluded that if organizations want a shift towards System 4 which is the most productive form af an organization, they have to focus upon leadership training as leadership processes directly effects employee attitude which manifests in a positive or a negative manner.
4) Impact of Tanda Dam on Agriculture Land use and Cropping Pattern: (A Case Study of Mouza Kalochanna District Kohat)
Author(s):Anwar Saeed Khan, M. Jamal Nasir, Fazlul Haq Institute of Geography and URP, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

The present paper deals with the impact of Tanda Dam located inKohat District on Agriculture land use and cropping pattern in Mouza Kalochanna. The study is based on two sets of data (2005-06 and 2011-12) collected from Revenue Office Kohat district. The data of 2005-06 were selected because the Dam was closed and the water was not available for irrigation in 2005-06, while in 2011-12 it was reopened for irrigation. Data was collected and analyzed to determine the trends and dynamics of agriculture land use and cropping pattern. The findings reveal that most of the cultivated land was current fallow in both cropping seasons in2005-06, while in 2011-12 the cultivated land increased than the current fallow in both cropping seasons. This shows the impacts of Tanda Dam on agriculture land use and cropping pattern.
5) Assessing the Impact of Educational Status on Poverty Alleviation in Khyber Paktunkhwa, Pakistan
Author(s):Muhammad Aurangzeb Khan, S. Zari Rafiq Department of Social Work, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

The core purpose of this study was to assess the impact of educational status on poverty alleviation in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The major hypothesis developed for this study was that higher literacy rate among people had greater potentials to combat poverty. The nature of the respondents was male both literate and illiterate falling in the age group of (18-60) years and above from the slum areas of four randomly selected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa namely Mardan, Kohat, Haripur and Chitral respectively. A sample size of 800 respondents was drawn out from the target population. Interview schedule, designed on Likert Scale was used as tool and interview as method for data collection. Chi-square test was used to measure the association between two variables i.e. dependent variable (Poverty Alleviation) and independent variable (Educational Status). A relationship was measured among occupation (P = 0.000), monthly income (P = 0.000), per capita income of the educated respondents (P = 0.000), per capita income of the illiterate respondents (P = 0.000), house condition(P = 0.000), possession of property(P = 0.000), type of property (P = 0.000), size of land(P = 0.000), affordability of medicines (P = 0.000), specialist doctor and hospitalization (P = 0.000) with educational status. Free education, investment in education and improvement of existing formal education system were forwarded as recommendations in light of the study.
6) Socio-Economic Profile of Drug Abusers Attending a Treatment Center in Peshawar, Pakistan
Author(s):M.Jamal Nasir, Anwar Saeed Khan, Fazlul Haq Department of Geography, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Addiction is an inveterate, often reverting brain disease which causes compulsive drug use, in addition to harmful effects to the individual as well to those around the addicted one. Geographic location of Pakistan’s adjacent to Afghanistan, which is largest producer of opium in the world making the country vulnerable to drug trafficking as well as drug abuse. In this study, an attempt is made to investigate the socio-economic conditions of drug abusers in Peshawar. A total of 61 respondents were studied for the study. The study revealed that cannabis (Chars) and heroin is the most preferred drug which was used by 39 percent of respondents. The analysis revealed that drug abuse was common in both educated and uneducated respondents. It is important to note that eighty percent of the respondents were not aware of the negative consequences of the drug before its initial use.
7) Search for Conjugal Bliss in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Author(s):Irshad Ahmad Tabasuma, Muhammad Kamal Khanb a Govt. Postgraduate College Khanpur, RY Khan, Pakistan b Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal Dir Upper, Pakistan

Abstract :

The conjugal life of Maggie and Brick is on the verge of collapse because the former is heterosexual and the latter is homosexual but Maggie leaves no stone unturned to save such a life. She has to fight on two fronts. Firstly, she has to restore the broken masculinity of Brick into wholeness. She revitalizes Brick’s passive and latent physicality with her aggressive sexuality. She tries to arouse his sexual jealousy by mentioning how other men show sensual desire for her. Secondly, her childlessness marginalizes her in the worst way. She passes through endless envy when she compares her childlessness with the five children of her sister-in-law and becomes catty whenever she faces them. It is true that she tells a lie about her pregnancy because she knows that truth will not work in the world she lives. Moreover, her love for her husband is so potent that she succeeds in convincing him to turn the lie into a reality. Maggie is blunt in her love and hatred. She is a strange mixture of kindness and cruelty. In this way she not only outwits all those ready to destroy her marital bliss but also rejuvenates the paralyzed sexuality of her husband with her aggressive sexuality. So love is a force with which Maggie faces her predicament and emerges stronger, happier and better off than before.
8) Relationship between Organizational Environment & Organizational Commitment: A Case Study of Medical Colleges in Peshawar
Author(s):Kausar Takrima, Atiq-ur-Rehmanb, Suleman Aminc a College of Home Economics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan b Department of Management Sciences, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

The purpose of the study is to determine the relationship of organizational environment with the three dimensions of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative organizational commitment) among faculty members of public/private medical colleges in Pakistan. A random sample (N=71) is comprised of full time faculty members of one public sector and two private sector medical colleges operating in Peshawar (Pakistan). Following Allen and Meyer’s (1990) approach to OC, data was gathered through questionnaire as the survey instruments. Pearson correlation was computed to analyze the relationships of organizational environment and the sub scales of organizational commitment. The results of this study show statistically positive relationship between organizational environment and all the three dimensions of organizational commitment, and that the majority of faculty members are experiencing greater organizational commitment (affective, continuance, and normative) in the presence of a healthy and positive organizational environment. These findings have implications for recruitment of new faculty members and retention of old ones. Therefore, this study provides empirical data to support theoretical models that focus on organizational environment as antecedents to organizational commitment. Efforts should be made by college deans/principals and faculty members in developing a progressive organizational culture to enhance the organizational commitme
9) Effect of ABL Method on Students’ Performance in Listening Skill at Grade-VI
Author(s):Zahoor-ul-Haqa, Arif Khanb, Rabia Tabassuma a Northern University, Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan b Department of English & Applied Linguistics, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Listening is the first and the most important language skill for the acquisition of language. Effective language teaching can enhance this skill. The researchers attempt to investigate the effects of Activity Based Learning (ABL) method on this skill. The researcher used an experimental design (pre-test, post-test equivalent group design) for the study. The targets of the study were: (a) to analyze the effects of ABL on listening, and (b) to investigate the effects of ABL method on the achievements of low and high achiever learners in listening skill. To achieve the objectives, null hypotheses were tested. Fifty male students of grade 6 of G.H.S Tarkha, Nowshera were chosen as a sample by using random sampling technique, divided into two equal groups, control and experimental on their achievements in teacher-made pre-test. Low achievers and high achievers were identified in both groups. Two different procedures were applied in the experiment. The experimental group was treated with ‘‘activity based learning method’ whereas the control group learned through the routine teaching method. The experiment was conducted for seven weeks. Two teachers were selected for the study, possessing almost similar competence and qualification of language teaching. After the experiment, a post-test was administered to both groups. To find the effect of ABL, statistical analysis was calculated by independent sample t-test. The findings of the results showed that both group

Volume No. XXIII

Issue No. 3

December