The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences

1) Volume XIX, No. 1, 2011
Author(s):Editor Mujib Rahman, PhD (Edinburgh) Department of English & Applied Linguistics University of Peshawar Office Secretary Muhammad Altaf Chief Editor Muhammad Farooq Swati, PhD Department of Ar

Abstract :

Guidelines for Contributors The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Peshawar, invites research papers for consideration for publication in the field of social sciences and humanities. Manuscripts (a softcopy on a CD, and two double-spaced hardcopies) should not exceed 7000 words (including endnotes and references) plus an informative abstract (200 words maximum), and should be accompanied by a crossed cheque of Rs. 1500 (Pak Rupees One thousand five hundred only) payable to “the Editor, JHSS.” Papers should be composed in MS Word, Times New Roman, and Font Size 11. Figures, tables, graphs (if any) should not be out of the text-margins of the page (13 cm). Quotations in languages other than English must be translated in the body of the paper, and accompanied by the original in the endnotes. The author’s name, title/designation, e-mail and mailing addresses and institutional affiliation should appear on a separate title page. The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences will consider one single-authored (as principal author) and one co-authored (as second/third author) by the same author for publication per number. The maximum acceptable number of coauthors is three! The Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences follows a variant of APA/MLA styles to accommodate the multi-disciplinarian work that the journal features. References must indicate author(s), editor(s), city of publication, publisher’s full name, year of publication,
2) Modelling the Grade Point Average (G.P.A.): A Case study of the Postgraduate students of the University of AJK
Author(s):Kamran Abbas a, Muhammad Zakria b, Syed Masroor Ahmad a a Department of Statistics, University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan b Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of

Abstract :

Considerable research has been undertaken on the grade point average (GPA) of the students. In the present study, an attempt is made to forecast the GPA by fitting a polynomial regression model on the GPA of the Masters level students of the University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan. The data was found to be acceptable for the regression modelling after testing the assumptions. The Best subset, backward elimination and stepwise regression procedures were adopted to fit the model. Good of fit of the models is measured by the coefficient of determination, i.e. R p 2 , R adj 2 , MSE and Mallow’s p C etc. The model Yˆ  3.63 + 0.186X1 - 0.124X4 + 0.0246X6 with R p 2 , R adj 2 , MSE values 71.1%, 70.6%, and 0.033 respectively is found to be the parsimonious model. The results indicated that the three variables, i.e. study hours at home (X1), sleeping hours (X4) and qualification of father (X6) significantly affect the GPA of the Masters level students and provide sufficient information to forecast the GPA of post graduate students of the said University.
3) The Grim Realities Of Life: Walt Whitman’s Song of Myself
Author(s):Samina Ashfaq College of Home Economics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Reading Walt Whitman is like opening a big album of life with the ‘self’ as the axis around which the whole world revolves. Whitman is not only the lover and the redeemer of the body and the soul but also of life in all its form. The purpose of this study is to explore how Whitman — the happy-go-round person, who enjoyed life with all, hailing the workers, appreciating the beauties and love of nature, loafing in grass while celebrating his independence — reacted when he came in contact with the miseries of life around him. “Song of Myself” is a miniature portrayal of America of his time. In it, he has managed to depict almost all the aspects of its life.
4) Interaction with Tutors and Peers in Virtual Classroom: A Case Study of Online English Language Teaching Programme in Pakistan
Author(s):Umar Farooq a and Malik Ahmad Gulzar a a Department of English Language & Applied Linguistics, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad

Abstract :

Interaction is one of the important aspects of effective learning environment. Interaction can take place in different forms. It may be between a student and course materials, student and learning activities, student and teacher and among students. Computer-mediated communication (CMC) offers a type of interaction which is different from the traditional teacher-based classroom as it provides the learners multiple opportunities to explore alternative means to interact with teachers, peers, course material and activities. The present study focuses on feedback of the students who attended online courses of MA Teaching of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) offered by the Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics of Allama Iqbal Open Univerisy (AIOU). In this experimental study, two groups of students were selected randomly for CMC-based instructions in 2007 and 2008. The results of the experimentation suggested that the use of CMC in the existing distance education system improved peer interaction in a virtual classroom which helped students in their learning and professional development.
5) The Role of SRSP in the Rehabilitation of Extremely Vulnerable Individuals in the Earthquake Affected Areas of District Mansehra: A Case Study of Two Union Councils
Author(s):Inayatullah Khana, Himayatullah Khana and Munir Khana a Institute of Development Studies, KP Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

The aim of the paper is to evaluate the role of SRSP in the rehabilitation of extremely vulnerable individuals (EVIs) in Garlat and Satbani union councils of District Mansehra. The data were collected using a pretested interview schedule from randomly selected respondents in October-December, 2010. More than half (54%) of the EVIs were from Satbani and 46% from Garlat. The Chi-square tests showed no significance difference between the numbers of EVIs in the two union councils. The SRSP has been most actively involved in rehabilitation process. About one-third of the respondents reported that SRSP had provided a combination of services/help including training, medical aid and treatment and tents for living. The t-test results showed that the average incomes of sample households were significantly higher after they received cash income from NGOs, especially the SRSP. The study concluded that although various NGOs were involved in the rehabilitation activities in the study area, SRSP was the one which played a pivotal role in helping EVIs and households which were badly affected by the 2005 earthquake. The study recommended that various NGOs should promote coordination among themselves so that in case of any other disasters in futures the EVIs could be assisted on a larger scale. The study also recommended that people of the area be imparted technical trainings in coping with disaster and in their own rehabilitation after natural calamities and disasters.
6) The Impact of Overseas Fellowship Training on the Quality of Educational Management in Pakistan
Author(s):Anisa Khatoona & Muhammad Munir Kayanib aDepartment of Education, Govt. of the Punjab, Pakistan bDepartment of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad

Abstract :

This article is mainly concerned with the impact of Overseas Fellowship Training (OFT) imparted through the ADB assisted Teacher Training Project on the quality of educational management. The Teacher Training project was started in 1994 and closed in 2001. Overseas Fellowship training was imparted to educational managers/teacher educators abroad in 1998 to broaden their vision about educational management. Population of the study consisted of 92 educational managers/teacher educators, who received Overseas Fellowship training. The study was carried out on a sample of 30 educational managers/teacher educators selected from the population of the study. This study will help to educate managers/teacher educators to understand the problems of management system. The majority of the respondents agreed that the Overseas Fellowship training was effective as a whole. A positive change was also noticed in their behaviour. However, our analysis revealed that some areas of management were found to be deficient, i.e., monitoring the institutions’ broad aims and objectives, written strategic plan, library/resource centres, open access to learning resources, building/classrooms and labs upkeep, well planned and organized learning environment, teaching and learning strategies, review and evaluation system in the institutions.
7) How do you do?* Writing Research Article Introductions
Author(s):Mujib Rahmana, Humera Rahmanb a Department of English & Applied Linguistics, University of Peshawar, Pakistan b Government Frontier College for Women, Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

Academic writers have reported that research article Introductions are more problematic to write than the rest of the paper. It is because they have to choose from amongst the various options available to them for making a start. The CARS Model beautifully captures these options in functional terms which make it very easy to understand and implement. In this paper, I discuss the model with examples from published geology research articles to show the model’s usefulness. However, the model is equally applicable to other disciplines.
8) Temporal and Locative Aspects in Wilde’s Fairy Tales: A Genre Analysis
Author(s):Rubina Rahman Department of English & Applied Linguistics, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract :

This paper studies Oscar Wilde’s fairy tales to examine the manner in which he has created the special genre of the fairy tales, focusing particularly on Wilde’s grammatical and syntactic choices that have helped to build up the unique Faerie Realm notion of time and space in his stories. Four tales, two each from his two different collections of fairy tales, have been analysed. At the end of the paper, any deviations from the Faerie Realm norms of operation of time and space are discussed.
9) Linking Self-Efficacy and Emotional Intelligence to Creativity
Author(s):Sarwat Sultan Department of Applied Psychology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Abstract :

The study explored the relationship of self-efficacy with emotional intelligence among creative and non-creative people. The sample (N = 400) consisted of 200 creative employees (100 females and 100 males) and 200 non- creative employees (100 female and 100 male) from Multan. Creative Disposition Scale (Mcshane & Glinow (2003), Emotional Quotient Scale (Goleman, 2001), and The General Self-Efficacy Scale (Sherer, Maddux, & Mercandante 1982) were used to measure creativity, emotional intelligence, and self-efficacy respectively. Results indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and emotional intelligence, and creative employees have higher levels of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as compared to non-creative employees. Findings suggested that females are more creative and are more emotionally intelligent as compared to males while the findings further reported no gender differences in the level of self-efficacy. It implies that female and male employees have equal levels of self-efficacy.
10) Perception & Production of Consonants of English by Pashto Speakers
Author(s):Nasir Abbas Syed Department of English Language and Linguistics Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Balochistan, Pakistan (Currently PhD Scholar, University of Essex,

Abstract :

This paper deals with the perception and production of L2 consonants by Pashtoon learners/speakers of English. Phonetic, phonological, perceptual and social factors are considered to account for the problems that adult Pashtoon learners face in the acquisition of new and similar consonants of English. The findings are analysed in the light of predictions made by three popular models of second language acquisition (SLA), namely Feature Model (Brown 1998, 2000), Perceptual Assimilation Model (Best 1995) and Speech Learning Model (Flege 1995), to see which of these models can better explain the acquisition of L2 consonants of English by those learners whose L1 is Pashto. The findings show that the vowel context and L1 features play a significant role in the acquisition of L2 sounds. Although the findings of this study confirm a correspondence between perception and production of consonants, certain factors influence production and perception differently. The study concludes that although these models of SLA address most of the problems of the learners, none of these models comprehensively encompasses all the factors involved in L2 acquisition. Thus an integrated approach based on the predictions of all the models of SLA is recommended for thoroughly understanding the problems faced by L2 learners.

Volume No. XIX

Issue No. 1

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