Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies

1) Title Page
Author(s):Title Page

Abstract :

Title Page
2) Contents
Author(s):Contents

Abstract :

Contents
3) Note from Editor
Author(s):Dr. Jamil Ahmed Chitrali

Abstract :

Note from Editor The journal is getting attention of the peace researchers within the country and from international researchers alike since its inception last year. At the beginning of second year for the journal “Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies” has started receiving feedback, on the previous issues which is encouraging. Peace and Conflict research is covering the space previously shadowed under International Relations, Political Science, War Studies, Defence and Strategic Studies, Sociology, and other branches of social, science and management related research. This issue includes research papers on themes such as post-conflict peace building, theoretical approaches to conflict resolution, conflict resolution research in Pakistan, media coverage of conflict and journalistic nationalism, and the prospects of Islamic military alliance against terrorism. My special comments, though, are on the on-going FATA Reforms in Pakistan. There are hot debates on FATA Reforms these days. Many prominent political figures are demanding the merger of the tribal area (FATA) with the province of Khyber Pakhtunkwha. Nonetheless, there are those who object the on-going reforms process on various grounds. The pros and cons of the reform process have been hotly debated in the newspapers. This will be only a replication to produce both the stances here. We support the on-going reform process in FATA for good reasons. Any geographical area that has experienced a conflict must
4) Effectiveness of UN Guiding Principles in Securing Health Assistance to IDPs in Pakistan
Author(s):Irfan ud Din, Asad Ullah & Intikhab Alam

Abstract :

The current study aimed at assessing effectiveness of UN guiding principles for IDPs in securing health assistance to them. A sample size of 234 respondents was selected through lottery method of simple random sampling to ascertain respondent’s attitudes towards phenomena under investigation through Likert scale as measurement tool.Chi square test was used to ascertain the association among variables. The study found a significant association of health related protection gap with national authorities provides protection to IDPs in camp (P=0.000), security threats cope with proper mechanism (P=0.000), equity of right (P=0.000), free treatment (P=0.000), essential services and sanitation (P=0.000), adequate facilities for mother and child health (P=0.000), adequate living facilities (P=0.000) and education facilities (P=0.000).Development of IDP camp by keeping in view the international guiding principles for refugee protection and demands of local culture for reducing miseries and worries of IDPs were the major recommendations in light of study.
5) Why are there Conflicting Approaches to Conflict Resolution vis-à-vis South Ossetia?
Author(s):Irfan Khan & Amjad Hussain

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The paper explores the conflicting approaches to conflict resolution in the world by taking South Ossetia as a case study. It attempts to understand the role of hegemony in non-resolution of these conflicts. An exploratory and qualitative research method has been applied to be able to knit the whole gamut of the forces perpetuating conflict in the world together. South Ossetia provides the context to the paper's overall argument for non-resolution of some of the pressing conflicts in our contemporary world. Washington Consensus has been used as point of departure for the study because it anchors us in America's War on Terror, which gives us the leverage to read its signs elsewhere in non-resolution of those conflicts. This gives the study the space to argue for the line of approach adopted in this thesis. Theories of traditional approaches to conflict resolution have been studied and measured against their own western standards to make our point.
6) Conflict Resolution Research in Pakistan: Scope and Challenges to the Development of the Discipline
Author(s):Maria Saifuddin Effendi

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The emergence and development of the field of conflict resolution had taken roots dated back to 1960s in different parts of Europe and the USA. The field was introduced after a rigorous research on having an alternate mechanism through which local or international disputes and conflicts can be managed and then ultimately resolved peacefully. In Europe, the field was successfully introduced and utilized in best possible manner. Whereas, in third world countries, the development of the field is deplorably slower, in Pakistan, conflict resolution, as a field and discipline could not emerge as a popular one. With the existence of numerous intra-state issues, economic and socio-religious conflicts, the field is limitedly known and attended. Despite being taught as one of the optional/compulsory courses, conflict resolution could not be established as an avidly studied subject in Pakistan. Most of the time, students and researchers refer the discipline as an idealistic notion, which has no application in practical realm. The paper focuses on the existence of conflict resolution as a subject and field in Pakistani society. It tries to trace the scope of the field in the country. The paper also contains main challenges and impediments towards the growth of the discipline. Ways to improve the situation and less popularity of the subject will also be suggested in the paper.
7) Journalism, Nationalism, and Multiperspectivity: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Media Coverage of Kulbhushan Jadhav Case in Pakistani and Indian Media
Author(s):Sameen Shah

Abstract :

This paper uses nationalism, multiperspective critical discourse analysis to highlight how the mainstream print media of India and Pakistan have reported the case of Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav, an accused Indian spy arrested in Baluchistan by Pakistan security forces in March, 2016. The objective of this paper is to understand the differences between linguistic and structural aspects of news reporting by two main newspapers from each country and how it is coloured in nationalistic narrative. The headlines covering the incidents from May 18, 2017 to May 20, 2017 have been analysed to draw contrasts and parallels in the news contents and what they try to communicate.
8) Islamic Military Alliance against Terrorism: Efficacy and Challenges
Author(s):Syed Adnan Athar Bukhari

Abstract :

The 41-nation Islamic Military Alliance led by Saudi Arabia was established in 2015 to fight against growing menace of extremism and terrorism across the Middle East and the associated regions. Though all states of alliance are part of Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), yet the coalition is Sunni dominated and excludes 23 other members of the OIC including Iran, Iraq and Syria, causing the organization’s effectiveness and credibility into question. The alliance is in its formative phase and it will take time to determine its scope, nature and capability. This paper will analyse the history and objectives for the formation of the alliance. It will also assess the role of the US and Pakistan, as well as evaluate the military strength, efficacy and challenges to the Islamic Military Alliance.

Volume No. 02

Issue No. 01

This volume includes paper from around the world.