Journal of Law and Society

1) A FEEBLE INSTRUMENT OF JUDICIAL REVIEW IN CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNANCE OF PAKISTAN
Author(s):Kashif Mahmood

Abstract :

The intention to study motives and politics of constitution, constitutionalism and constitution making process is to locate a possible antagonism of judiciary; with existing procedures, laws and practices of governmental and legal system of Pakistan. This study argues on the basis of such views that in specific context of Pakistan, that civil military establishment took over the reign of government many times, and for validation of its acts it used court of law to legitimate actions of usurpers. And the imperial heritage of command and control carried by bureaucratic apparatus help usurper to abrogate constitution as well as fundamental rights in Pakistan. It Further Argues that Judiciary as a custodian of constitution and sole arbitrator within a specified legal system is responsible to protect subjective rights of citizens. This subjectivity crafts a wrangling of conflicting interests along with competing political motives for absolute control. This study narrates that Pakistan is under socioeconomic and political turmoil since its emergence due to multidimensional factors. One of a simmering factor is political motives of pressure groups who engage judiciary to protect and legitimize their vested benefits. Legacy of elitism in Pakistan has withered away the neutral tilt of superior judiciary which is potentially hazardous for constitutional governance, public accountability and transparency. This study would analyze societal and judicial trend of polit
2) SLOW LEARNER: THEIR CHARACTERISTICS AND ROLE OF TEACHERS IN HELPING THEM
Author(s):Dr. Shafqat Parveen, Dr. Amjad Reba, Dr. Parveen Khan

Abstract :

Human resource development should be at the focus of any educator for a developing country. In Pakistan, it is observed that the human resources i.e. teachers and learners are underdeveloped and perform less than their capabilities. Even some of the most efficient teachers are not adequately equipped to identify and guide the backward students like slow learners to reach their optimum levels. As a result the institutions in turn are not able to send their products into society as fully developed learners. There is a need to conduct research in order to highlight how teacher can help slow learners and what measures can be taken in this regard.
4) PERCEPTION OF GLASS CEILING IN VARIOUS UNIVERSITIES WITHIN PESHAWAR, KPK, PAKISTAN
Author(s):Dr. Kausar Takrim, Aqsa Siddiq & Dr. Saima Batool

Abstract :

The aim of this study is to analyze the perception of glass ceiling about working women in various universities in the city of Peshawar through differences in demographic profiles. 150 employees from seven different private and public universities of Peshawar were taken as sample randomly. A self -constructed questionnaire was used for collection of data. One way ANOVA test was applied under spss-17 for the analysis of the data to find diversity in perception based on differences in demographic profiles. Results show the existence of glass ceiling effect in the universities in Peshawar. The results also show that demographics like age, work experience, education, and chances of promotion availed- have influence over perception significantly. The findings of the study may be useful for policy makers and stake holders. If they take into consideration the organizational structure, culture and climate while making hiring strategies and other policies in their institutions, it will provide productive environment for all employees.
5) ROLE OF LEGAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE TRANSFER OF FAMILY INHERITANCE TO WOMEN IN PAKISTAN
Author(s):Mushtaq Ahmad Jadoon, Dr. Rashid Khan

Abstract :

Denial to female share in family land and property is a common practice in Pakistan. Legal institutions are developed to ensure the implantation of laws in a country. Present study aimed to find out the role of legal institutions in the transfer of family inheritance rights to females in Pakistan. Data for the study were collected from the 384 respondents belonging to the both rural and urban areas of District Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The results report a dysfunctional role of the major legal institutions in the study area. The Supreme and high courts made landmark decisions in favor of females land rights in Pakistan, while the lower courts, police and revenue department on the other hand could not found play their due role. Consequently, inheritance denial was still common to such extent that many of the women were found hesitated to contact the legal institutions. This can be attributed to patriarchy, male domination in legal institutions, long and cumbersome procedure, the attitude of governmental officials, the social and financial costs of litigation, purdah system and lack of female knowledge about legal procedures and even their legal land rights. It is suggested to be corrected through generating a conducive environment for females in getting their due land and property rights through strict law enforcement, change in land transfer procedures, attitude of governmental officials and discouraging parallel social courts and procedures at communi
7) LIFE AFTER AMPUTATION: FACING NUMEROUS CHALLENGES
Author(s):Shaista Ali, Prof Dr. Syeda Kaniz Fatima Haider

Abstract :

Objectives: The study was based on life after amputation focusing the numerous challenges faced by an individual after losing any of their body part. It aims to investigate the drastic psychological, social and economic consequences of this unfortunate incidence. The purpose of the study was to review available literature accentuating the psychological reactions of such people and analyse the role of different personal and social factors in successful adjustment to amputation. Material and Methods: Data was collected by reviewing the available evidence focusing amputation with special emphases on the psychological challenges faced by these people. Results: it was found that life for the amputee has been severely disrupted in a many ways affecting their person, social and financial aspects of life. The psychological consequences of having a manifest disability effects not only the patient ' s sense of loss and shame, but also effects their adjustment to this disability. It was found that selfconsciousness distorted body image, apprehensiveness depression; anxiety, negative self-esteem, anger, nervousness, inability to sleep and social isolation are some frequent reactions to amputation. Studies revealed that successful adjustment to the incident of amputation is a not an easy process and it is not only influenced by individuals personality traits but it is also influenced by provision of sufficient help and support of the family members and society as well.
9) PROTECTION AGAINST SEXUAL HARASSMENT – A BURNING ISSUE
Author(s):Sabeen Arif, Prof. Dr. Fayyaz ur Rehman

Abstract :

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10) ACCEPTANCE OF NGOS IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN DISTRICT BAHAWALPUR
Author(s):Asif Naveed Ranjha, Syed Mansoor Ali, Muhammad AsgharShaheen, Dr. Muhammad Ibrar4 & Naqeeb Hussain Shah

Abstract :

Non-government organizations are initiated by groups of people having a passion and understanding for solution of their community problems at the grassroots level. The performance and image of NGOs depend on the nature of services, service delivery and acceptance from the community people in Pakistan and rest of the world. This research explores views of NGOs’ representatives regarding acceptance of their organizations in local communities. A sample of 129 NGOs registered under the Department of Social Welfare and Bait ul Mal was selected through systematic random sampling technique in District Bahawalpur and 116 respondents responded to the self-administered questionnaire. The results indicate direct interaction of NGOs with local people in the majority of cases. Local community people are aware about NGOs working and consider their activities beneficial for society. Some results also show that people criticize NGOs’ working as being inactive, harmful and foreign agenda. A convincing trend is found regarding cooperation and participation from local people towards NGOs’ welfare/development projects. They also provide funding, material resources and technical assistance to NGOs at the local level. Local people accept NGOs because these organizations provide awareness, are local, provide material resources and are consistent with local culture.

Volume No. 45

Issue No. 65, July 2014

July 2014