Herat, presently the third largest city of Afghanistan has a long historical background. According to sources, built in about 1500 BC, the region of Herat was historically part of Greater Khurasan and was controlled by the Tahirids followed by the Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Ilkhanates, Timurids, and Saffavids until the early-18th century when it became part of the Afghan Hotaki dynasty followed by the Durrani Empire. This city has seen many revolutions and can be resembled second to Delhi, India. The city has produced dozens of Muslim scholars who were masters in various sciences of religion, literature, medicine and other fields. The following article describes in brief, history of the city, talks about its famous scholars and glory of the past.