معراج الإسلام ضياء/سعداللہ المحمدی
The field studies have now this fact has now firmly been established by that some Arab tribes had settled in areas of Pashtuns in Afghanistan and Pakistan long ago, and it was through them that the Arabic language entered the homes of Afghans. Remnants from the Islamic armies, later on settled in the Pashtun area, further flourished Arabic in the region and it became the language of science, culture and academic excellence among them.
Arabic Arabic has had a great influence on other languages, especially in vocabulary. The influence of Arabic has been most profound in those countries dominated by Islam or Islamic power. Arabic is a major source of vocabulary for languages as diverse as Berber, Kurdish, Persian, Pashto, Urdu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Turkish, Spanish, Hindi, Portuguese, Catalan, Swahili, Somali, Malay, and Indonesian, as well as other languages in countries where these languages are spoken. For example, the Arabic word for book /kita:b/ is used in most of the languages listed, (exceptions are Spanish, Catalan and Portuguese, which use the Latin-derived words "libro," "llibre" and "livro"). Other languages such as Maltese and Nubi derive from Arabic, rather than merely borrowing vocabulary