Peshawar Islamicus (ISSN: 2305-154X)

1) طلبِ منصب کا شرعی تناظر میں جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحمدعبدالعلی اچکزئی

Abstract :

Public offices are considered as a symbol of honor and a mean of economic sustainibility. Getting a public office is taken as a first step to attain the amenities of life. Therefor, the general public strives for these offices through competitions as their right. Sometimes, all efforts are exploited to get the public office regardless of its legality or justification. As a fact, each government requires competent and able machinery for running its business smoothly; however, the religion of Islam has introduced a sense of responsibility and accountability for holding these offices rather than its entitlement. The present paper deals with the concept of seeking public offices from perspective of Islamic teachings
2) اسلامی ریاست میں قاضیوں کا احتساب
Author(s):ڈاکٹر محمد ادریس لودھی/محمد اشرف

Abstract :

The accountability of Judges in an Islamic State carries out in accordance with Law of nature, logic and rationale. The judiciary in any state enjoys pivotal importance indeed, but the accountability of the judges has also the same degree of significance in the judicial system. This research paper is an effort to explain the procedure of Judge’s accountability, especially dismissal from his position in the light of teachings of Qur’an, Sunnah and continuous practices regarding the same issue during the history of Islam in the past fourteen hundred years. In this connection, apart from consulting the basic books of Islam, the data from original sources of Seerah, Muslim history and Islamic Jurisprudence has also been used as a primary source for the purpose of analysis and interpretation of the issue. Finally, the article also presents an overview of accountability procedure of Judges in accordance with Supreme Judicial Council of Pakistan
3) تقابل ادیان پرمنتخب برقی اُردوکتب کےتعارف اورمندرجات کامختصرجائزہ
Author(s):سعیدالرحمٰن

Abstract :

The study of religion is one of the best ways to prepare for any field requiring refined sensitivity to the needs, interests, and practices of others. The cotemporary era, when the whole world has shrinked into one global village, the need for understanding one another has further increased. That is why interreligious dialogues and debates covering different areas of comparative religion have become very common and the vast majority of humankind are busy in participating in activities which have traditionally been designated "religious”. The current paper presents a brief introduction and content review of Selected Urdu E-books written by different Muslim Scholars from time to time on this subject. All of these books are also available in electronic format along with the print versions. The article also identifies those web links from where these can be downloaded, studied and saved for later
4) فقہ اسلامی میں مصلحت کا مقام اور اس كى عملى تطبىق
Author(s):ڈاکٹرزينب امين /نثارالحق

Abstract :

Ma╖la╒ah is the pivot of the Islamic law. Even a single unit of objectives of Shar┘’ah cannot be thought to be without the consideration of ma╖la╒ah in it. Thus, the whole system of Shar┘’ah is protected by the shield of ma╖la╒ah. The Islamic law possesses the feature of flexibility in itself due to ma╖la╒ah thus enabling itself to claim applicability of coping with every situation regardless of time and place. In this paper, the status of ma╖la╒ah, from multi-dimensional aspects as well as its practical implementation has been discussed in the light of Shar┘’ah, in order to get foresight for solving the contemporary challenges faced by us in our public life
5) در یا ئے سوات کی آلودگی اور اسلامی تعلیمات
Author(s):ڈاکٹر عطاالرحمن/صاحبزادہ

Abstract :

Water has a prime role in our day to day life. The Holy Qur’┐n described water as a major source of life on earth. Similarly it has counted water as a divine blessing for humans and other creatures and has defined various conducts of its utilization. On one hand Islam has issued general Commandments regarding cleanliness and purity in all aspects, while on the other hand, it has issued specific directives about preservation and good use of water. Every possible effort should be made to save water and keep it free of any pollution and contamination. The district of Swat is famous for its natural beauty and landscape worldwide. The river of Swat adds a great deal of splendor to this region besides fulfilling the requirements of local population for drinking, irrigation and power generation purposes. The current industrial development and rapidly growing hotel industry has however contributed a great deal of destruction to this river. The present paper discusses this problem from Islamic perspective
6) تفسیر الدرالمنثور میں مذکور چار موضوع روایات کا تحقیقی جائزہ
Author(s):ابظاہر خان/شمس العارفىن

Abstract :

Muslim scholars have been writing commentaries of the Qur’┐n down the centuries. One such scholar is Jalal al Din al-Suy┴═┘ (died 1505 AD) who based his exegesis “Al-Durr Al-Manth┴r f┘ al-Tafs┘r bil M┐th┴r” on reports conveyed from the Prophet and his companions. He collected almost all related traditions reported in connection with the interpretation of a particular Qur’┐nic verse. He however did all this without checking the authenticity of these reports. As a result weak and even fabricated reports crept into the work and the commentary became a combination of sound and false information. The present paper academically investigates four of these fabricated traditions
7) الصورة الفنية في شعر د. نجيب الكيلاني: الصورة البصرية
Author(s):دكتورةخنساء محمد أديب الجاجي

Abstract :

The high standing of Dr Najib al-Kilani (1931-1995), the Egyptian poet, is well known to the admirers of the Islamic Literature. His diverse literary creations consisting of novels, plays, dramas, short stories, literary criticisms and poetry has elevated his rank to an unparralleld degree till the day. The present study has been devoted to technical evaluation of various artistic images in his poetry with special focus on optical image
8) ترجمة المصطلح الديني والمعاجم القرآنية في آداب اللغة الأرديـــــة: دراسة تقابلية لنماذج مختارة من المعاجم اللغوية والموضوعية-II
Author(s):د/سمير عبد الحميد إبراهيم نوح

Abstract :

Urdu remained the second largest language of Indian sub-continent. Especially, it was the first local language of Indian Muslims for preservation of their cultural and academic reservoirs. The Indian Muslims had tendered a series of efforts for the collection of Islamic literature on various topics from different angles. In the current paper, the dictionaries of Urdu either literal or thematic have been discussed specifically. Moreover, distinct features of each type of dictionary have been elaborated and an effort is made to prove that the work done by Indian Muslim scholars is worthy to be translated into Arabic language in order to provide a chance for Arabic world to get benefit from it
9) ضوابط العمل بفقه الموازنات
Author(s):الدكتور سيد عبدالغفار بخاري/الدكتور محمد ریاض

Abstract :

In our routine life, we face such situations, individually or collectively, in which we have to choose one ma╖la╒ah (interest) from available two or more ma╖┐li╒ (Interests). In the same manner, one mafsadah (worse option) is given up while another one is taken in order to avoid a large deal of loss. Similarly, a religious scholar or mufti, while issuing a ruling, has to opt a certain option from couple of the available ma╖┐li╒ or has to opt for a bad situation to avoid large scale worsen situation, comparatively. For all these challenges of selection righteous ma╖la╒ah or reject the worst mafsadah, Muslim jurists have determined such guidelines under the title of fiqh-ul-muw┐zanah (science of assessment) which enable durable and resilient solution to a certain problem. In the present paper, the terms and guidelines of muw┐zanah, derived from the enormous assets of the Islamic Jurisprudence, have been discussed in addition to their applicability and implementation with certain examples
10) Sufi Reform and the Mystical Ideology of Divine Unity
Author(s):Soraya Khodamoradi

Abstract :

Referring to theoretical, practical and institutional transformation in Sufism during the eighteenth century, the concept of Sufi reform has prompted much debate in recent scholarly literature. Concentrating on the Indian subcontinent after the late sixteenth century, this paper ventures to reveal a confusion, among both those who affirm the occurrence of such Sufi reform and those who refute it, between the two notions of wa╒dat al-wuj┴d (“Unity of Being”) and hama ┴st (“Everything is He”). The former notion originated in the thought of the medieval Sufi, Ibn al-‘Arabi (d. 1240), while the latter was primarily an Indian response to the former concept. Through analyzing the semantics of these two notions within the context of Indian Sufism, the current paper argues that what is criticized by Sufi reformists from the seventeenth century onwards was not exactly the doctrine of the Unity of Being, as it had been formulated by Ibn al-‘Arabi and his commentators, but rather, it was the Indian reception of it represented in the idea of hama ┴st. Accordingly, it is argued that reference to the continuity of the idea of wa╒dat al-wuj┴d in the modern era by the opponents of the appearance of a Sufi reformism in the eighteenth century cannot adequately justify their position
11) Islamic Period Coins from Kashmir Smast, Ancient Gandh┐ra
Author(s):Dr. M. Nasim Khan

Abstract :

The ancient history of Gandh┐ra, particularly after the Great Kushan till to the arrival of Islam, has always remained a shrouded part of Gandh┐ran history and is considered a matter of great dispute. Same is the case for the early arrival of Muslims in the northern region of Pakistan where the early Muslim conquest has been traced back to the 10th/11th century AD. This is generally based on historical sources and the few fragmentary inscriptions recovered from the different parts of Gandh┐ra and its surrounding regions. But the recent discovery of previously unknown Islamic period coins found at the site known as Kashmir Smast, located in the Mardan district, may push further back the presence of Muslims in Gandh┐ra in to an earlier date. The objective of the present paper is, therefore, to supplement these numismatic evidences to the already recorded epigraphical and other records and try to trace the arrival of Muslims in the region of Gandh┐ra, may be in the 7th/8th centuries AD
12) Qur’┐nic Ethics and Spiritual Leadership
Author(s):Dr Umi Salma/Dr Muhammad Alam

Abstract :

This article focuses on Qur’┐nic Ethics and different aspects of spiritual leadership which contribute to a common concern for a moral dimension of leadership. It also highlights that what are the sources of our knowledge of right or wrong and motives which move an individual to perform them. The purpose of this research is to emphasize on traditional ethical leadership which remains largely unexplored. It may provide an opportunity to researchers for leadership criteria and leaders to improve their effectiveness. As evidence the Leadership characteristics of ‘Umar bin al-Kha══┐b, Theory of Servant Leadership and Spiritual Leadership are examined. This qualitative research carried out in more formal construct development and validation process, including the present literature reviews and fundamentals of Seven-points are used to compare the Spiritual as well as Servant Leadership
13) Women's Consent in Marriage: A Critical Study in Islamic Perspective
Author(s):Dr. Niaz Muhammad/Kalsoom Bibi

Abstract :

Man and woman jointly shoulder the sacred responsibility of building the human society. Interestingly, nature has gifted cross inclined emotions in each one and, then, each desires for the other to accomplish the chapter of his life in the shape of marriage. Such relation which will be lifelong cannot be possible without the conformity of thought, understanding, taste vision, belief and temper. As a rationale, mutual consent and harmony must be ascertained for such an important relation. In this paper, the freedom of choice in selection of life partner in respect of the girl is discussed in the light of documentary evidences of Qur'an and Hadith as well as circumstantial evidences of Sunnah. It has been brought forward that the commentators of holy Quran have expressed if someone gets married with girl without her consent/permission, then the Nik┐╒ would not be permissible (Halal) and it would stand cancelled. Such kind of Nik┐╒ does not establish legal conjugal relations nor does it prove the lineage and inheritance, accordingly. Similarly, there is a great deal of circumstantial evidences in the period of Prophet (SAW). Many cases had happened in which girls were married without their consent by their fathers and the cases were reported to the Prophet (SAW) he cancelled the Nik┐╒ and assigned the decision of marriage to the girl. Therefore, it is proved in this paper that woman which are considered bind in our society now a days, Islam has never been bound them
14) Promoters of Islamophobia
Author(s):Khadija Aziz

Abstract :

Islamophobia being a wide term has adversely affected the general masses due to false information about Islamic teachings which are promoted and developed by some of the think-tanks, intellectuals and some non-governmental organizations. These intellectuals have developed a negative attitude towards Islam and half spread half-truths or false rumours about Islam. Their sole aim is to either, prevent and stop the rapid spread of Islam or to make the masses abandon their religion and develop a civil lifestyle of living. They may spread Islamophobia for their own benefit in politics or to gain fame, while there are others who have personal religious bigotry against Islam thus encouraging and enriching Islamophobia. This paper presents a brief study of the promoters of Islamophobia in the western world
15) Jesuit Missions to Mughal Empire: A Study of Religious Relations of Society of Jesus and Mughal India
Author(s):Dr. Altaf Hussain Langrial/Mirza Asif Baig

Abstract :

Our society is facing serious challenges of non-tolerant attitude and deficiency in interfaith harmony. Through this article a try is being made to clear that this is against our religious history. For this purpose Mughal period has been selected. This article also aimed to put pen to this paper is that to clear common people who think that Akbar founded Din-e-Elahi the mixture of different religions and he was not confident and trustful of his belief on Islam. Through this article we want to explain that Din-e-Elahi was not a Din but a social order because there is no religious book, no temple and no religious doctrine concerning Din. Akbar invited priests of different religions to understand their religious philosophies. In a nutshell, This Article is a critical review of birth and strengthening of Christianity in India and a summary of its relations with local community and Mughal Empire before British rule in India
16) Islam in the Bosnia and Herzegovina (A Comparative Analysis of Theories about the Spread of Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Author(s):Dr. Muhammad Alam/Dr. Jamal Nasir

Abstract :

The primary objective of this paper is to overview different theories regarding the origin and spread of Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosniaks happen to be the most Western indigenous Muslim nation, besides the fact that, they also are the most Eastern of all European Muslims. Bosniaks are the only people in contemporary Europe who are threatened to be eradicated as a people and nation. The coming of Islam to Eastern Europe is the most important turning point in the history of Bosniaks. Bosnia is witness to the phenomenon of the spread of different religions because it did not predominantly choose either Islamization or Christianization. Sufism added a great deal to the spread of Islam in Bosnia. In Bosnia the Sufism can be traced back to the seventh century. Sufis came to Bosnia and to its Bogomil people from the East, and the Franciscans from the West. The individual religious and national communities in Bosnia Herzegovina developed in close association and interaction with each other
17) Shar┘’ah Legitimacy of Islamic Banking in Pakistan: An Analytical Study of Issues Regarding Talfīq and Rukha╖
Author(s):Syed Noorul-Huda Hashmi

Abstract :

Islamic Banking is an important branch of Muslim financial transactions. New developments in the global economic system have created a number of issues for Muslims, especially, in the field of modern banking and finance. In the current global setup, one school of jurisprudence could not be followed with its all rulings as a cosmopolitan jurisprudence. This is why Shari’ah Scholars gave various verdicts benefiting from inherent choice and opportunity of Juridical Madh┐ib. These verdicts provide justification to ‘Talf┘q’ and adoption of ‘Rukha╖’ (choosing easier rulings from different schools). It is, however, needed to carefully review the concept of Talf┘q and ‘Jam` bayn al-Madh┐ib’ for closer examination of the modes of financing that are in practice in the contemporary Islamic Banking. This research focuses on multidimensional aspects of the aforesaid issues of Talf┘q and Rukha╖ in order to meet some of the challenges posed by the modern banking

Volume No. 3

Issue No. 2

July-Dec, 2012