Peshawar Islamicus (ISSN: 2305-154X)

1) علمی سرقہ وانتحال اوراس سے تحفظ کے قانونی، فقہی واخلاقی ضوابط
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحمدفیروزالدین شاہ کھگہ

Abstract :

Since the new tools of research have been proliferated in the academic circles, a rapid tendency of plagiarism and piracy has also emerged and increasingly observed in universities and in research institutions. To attain the protection of researcher’s thoughts, books, literary expressions, scientist’s patents and masterpieces of an artist, constitutional steps like copyright law has been regularized throughout the civilized world. An ethical obligation compels a researcher to refrain this repulsive crime while exploring the true knowledge. Experts of Islamic jurisprudence have also declared plagiarism an unjustifiable act and have forbidden authors to attribute and present others’ researches to their names. This paper is meant to highlight different shapes and forms of plagiarism with the aim to discourage this ugly phenomenon. History of copyright and intellectual property right, status of joint venture in research, its etiquettes and ethical liabilities attaining the originality have been particularly touched in the article
2) علم ِکلام کے بنیادی مصادر اور مستشرقین کی آراء:تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرجنیداکبر/ڈاکٹرمحمد اکرام اللہ

Abstract :

This article attempts to discover the basic sources of ‘ilm al Kal┐m and to find answer to the question that whether ‘ilm al Kal┐m and its dialectical techniques have been borrowed from Christian and Latin theology? It is clear that the codification of ‘ilm al Kal┐m and related writings started from the second Hijra and still continues but very little efforts have been made about the underlying factors about the fundamental sources and evolution of ‘ilm al Kal┐m. The article also focuses on to find out the originators of ‘ilm al Kal┐m and their works from the sources of Islamic history. The article concludes that ‘ilm al Kal┐m and its origin did not find its roots in Christianity or Latin theology, but like other Islamic sciences is a result of the intellectual efforts of Muslim themselves who laid its foundations on the standards derived from the Qur’┐n, the Sunnah and the sayings of Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The research substantiates that Im┐m Ab┴ ╓an┘fa is the real founder of ‘ilm al Kal┐m, who wrote five books on the subject in the second year of Hijra, most of which are not only famous among Muslims scholars, but are also included in the curriculums of many famous universities and religious seminaries
3) ابو اسحاق الثعلبی اور اس کی تفسیر کا تعارف
Author(s):ڈاکٹر مرسل فرمان/محمد شفیق

Abstract :

Al-Kashf wa-l-bay┐n ‘an tafs┘r al-Qur'┐n or Tafs┘r al- Tha‘labi is a classical and one of the most famous Sunni Qur'┐n exegeses authored by the 11th century Islamic scholar A╒mad b. Mu╒ammad al- Tha’labi (died 427 AH?). It is one of those early commentaries which had a profound impact on the following Qur'┐nic exegetical literature. This article provides a brief introduction of Im┐m al- Tha‘lab┘ and critically reviews the style, methodology, used sources and impact of his work on the subsequent commentaries.
4) الدر المنثور فی التفسیر بالمأثور میں امام سیوطی کے تسامحات کا علمی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرحشمت بى بى

Abstract :

While doing my PhD research on a portion of al-Durr al-Manth┴r, I came across some academic discrepancies and unauthentic reports in this great work of al-Suy┴═i. This article analyzes these instances with the aim of promoting critical approach towards tafs┘r literature, especially the part dealing with tales of creation and stories of ahl al-kit┐b. Experties in the science of the authentication of a╒┐d┘th and riw┐y┐t would help scholars to view the past knowledge with accuracy or otherwise there are ample chances of not reaching to the truth.
5) مغرب میں اسلامو فوبیا کے فروغ میں اشاعتی ذرائع ابلا غ کا کردار
Author(s):ڈاکٹرخدیجہ عزیز

Abstract :

Print media has been vital in shaping human behavior of entity according to the defined national needs and interests. The Western media in general and print media in particular has played a major role in promoting the political agenda of the West in the last few decades especially since 1980s in curtailing communism. The 9/11 incident has redefined its goals and it is mainly focused on US led war on terror and presenting the Muslims as barbarous entity who have no respect for \"other\" cultural and political values. The present article is an attempt to highlight the negative role of the print media of the West to promote Islamophobia in every possible way and thus alienate not only Muslims of the world outside West but also those Muslims who are living there as born Muslims.
6) صحافتی اخلاقیات قرآن کریم کے تناظرمیں
Author(s):سعید الرحمان

Abstract :

According to some experts of Journalism, the existing media codes of ethics are of three types: legally determined by different governments; professionally defined by media organizations and pluralistically defined by individual journalists.The third category is considered to be more effective, relevant and in harmony with the values of advanced societies. The Islamic codes of ethics, however, differ from the manmade concepts of values as these are derived from God, directly from the Qur’┐n, and from the practices of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Moreover it transcends the limitations of time, place and tradition. The present paper is an attempt to illustrate the fundamental codes of ethics of journalsm in Qur’┐nic perspective.
7) دور الفرد في مكافحة جريمة العرض في الشريعةالإسلامية والقانون الوضعي
Author(s):د.هدايت خان

Abstract :

Islamic Law has legalized protection of the human honour and dignity. The role of an individual to fight against the crime of any sensual assault against body resulting in adultery or rape or kidnapping has been thoroughly discussed in Islamic law. According to shar┘’ah adultery with or without consent is absolutely banned. That is why there is a great importance of the role of individual to defend her/himself from this heinous crime even if s/he has to kill the aggressor in order to prevent crime and making society pure. Committing adultery with consent however is not forbidden in general conventional laws, particularly in the Indian Penal Code1. In Pakistan Penal Code, the right of private defence of the body extends to the voluntary causing of death or any other harm to the assailant, if the offence which occasions the exercise of the right of any of the descriptions hereinafter enumerated namely, assault, rape, unnatural lust and kidnapping or abducting. The present article attempts to make a comparison of the role of an individual between Islamic Law and general conventional laws on this issue.
8) َ دو رَ مََ عج مَََ اللغ ةَََ فيتَعزي زَ مََ هاراتاَلتواص لَََ لَ د ىَ مََ تعل مَََ العرب يَة
Author(s):وليد محمود أبو ندى

Abstract :

Learning Arabic language has been growing internationally and the number of learners has increased rapidly. This has placed huge efforts on Arabic specialists to facilitate the learning of the language through establishing an educational policy responsible for improving the education outcomes of non-native learners of Arabic. Arabic Teaching Institutes for non- Arabic Speakers have increased as large number of learners is learning Arabic, and the studies related to the teaching of Arabic to non-Arabic speakers have become an essential part of modern sciences of Arabic.
9) شروط صحة الحديث عند الإمام الطبري وأصول مذهبه
Author(s):دکتور رحمت الله زاهد

Abstract :

Im┐m ║abari is among those prominent jurists who highlighted the principles of an authentic ╒ad┘th and established the principles of his school of thought through which he derived rule of shar┘’ah from its fundamental sources i.e. the Qur’┐n and Sunnah. Im┐m ║abari has not stipulated any mandatory condition for text (matn) of ╒ad┘th or chain of narrators (sanad) of ╒ad┘th, although existence of four conditions in a narrator, i.e. probity, credibility, trustworthiness and veracity are vital. On the other hand other scholars of ╒ad┘th have added some additional conditions for an authentic tradition such as continuity of chain (itti╖┐l al-sanad), freedom from irregularity and anomaly (shudh┴dh) and having no defect. Similarly Im┐m ║abari in his work Tahdh┘b al- └th┐r adopted ten principles for the jurisprudential development of his school of law. This paper is a descriptive and comparative appraisal of the referred conditions and principles deduced through induction from Tahdh┘b al-└th┐r. الحمد لله ر
10) Sources of Islamic Law: Views of Mawlana Amin Ahsan Islahi
Author(s):Dr. Abdul Rauf

Abstract :

Sources of Islamic law remain a subject of discussion not only in the classical Muslim scholarship but also in the present day religious discourse. Scholars of Islamic jurisprudence declared Qur’an, the Sunnah, Ijma’ and Qiyas as the sources of Islamic law. This view has been widely accepted by theologians and common Muslims. The institutions imparting modern education in Islamic disciplines also accepted the same view on the sources of Islamic law. Mawlana Amin Ahsan Islahi, a steadfast religious scholar of the 20th century touched the subject and expressed his view vividly in his writings and speeches made to audiences including the modern educated segment of society. On many occasion Islahi’s views particularly on the sequences of these sources are different from the traditional and popular views. In the following pages an effort is made to describe and analyse the views of Islahi on the subject and wherever it was possible comparison was made with other ulama and with the modern educated intellectuals of Pakistan. Islahi took a different stand on the subject notwithstanding with neither of the ulama and nor with the modernists.
11) Islamic Mutual Funds’ Financial Performance in Adverse Economic Conditions: A Case of Pakistan
Author(s):Dr. Attahullah Shah/Nadia Iftikhar/Iftikhar ul Amin

Abstract :

The theme of the study was to check the widely debated phenomenon of the performance of Islamic mutual funds in terms of risk and return in adverse economic situations as compared to conventional funds in the Pakistani context. The traditional risk adjusted return performance measures of Sharpe ratio, Treynor ratio, Jensen alpha were used. It was observed that the unique feature of Islamic funds performing better than conventional funds in economic downturn conditions also holds in Pakistan’s economy by looking at the impact of the global financial crisis (2008-09) on the comparative performance of conventional and Islamic mutual funds.
12) A Persian Inscription at the Tomb of Shaykh Im┐m al-D┘n (Peshawar) Revisited
Author(s):Dr. Miraj ul Islam Zia/Zarawar Khan

Abstract :

Peshawar remained one of the most important trading and political center of activities throughout the history due to its strategic location. History says that the city became a capital town for different dynasties who ruled over the region and it is, in fact, this area that has been playing a vital role in making and unmaking the history of South Asia. The different archaeological and other remains of these early eras are the testimonies of the glorious past of Peshawar, particularly under the Mughals. The most significant evidences that speak about the splendid rule of the Mughal dynasty are their buildings in form of mosques, tombs and forts or numismatic and epigraphic evidence. The Persian inscription presented here is one of the most important findings which shed light on the religious beliefs and tradition of the people of the time. Although this inscription has been previously mentioned or published by different scholars, unfortunately, it is not only misread but also misinterpreted creating discrepancy in the related history. The present paper is, therefore, an attempt to give a correct reading, accurate translation of the inscription and also comments and draws a historical sketch of the Shyakh’ sect mentioned in the inscription.

Volume No. 5

Issue No. 1

Jan-June, 2014