Peshawar Islamicus (ISSN: 2305-154X)

1) موطا امام محمد کی شرح التعلیق الممجد: تعارف،اسلوب و خصوصیات
Author(s):رضوان الحق/ڈاکٹر شاہ معین الدین ہاشمی

Abstract :

Muwa══┐ʾ of Im┐m Mu╒ammad possesses a vital significance in the discipline of ╒ad┘th texts (mut┴n al-╒ad┘th). We have sixteen scripts of this earliest work on ╒ad┘th, one of which is ascribed to Imam Mu╒ammad bin ╓asan al-Shayb┐ni. Along with his personal viewpoints, al-Shayb┐ni has also recorded the opinions of his two great teachers, Imam Ab┴ ╓an┘fah and Imam M┐lik. In this way the reader has the opportunity to understand the juristic approaches of both of them at the same time. Various scholars of ╒ad┘th have written commentaries on this work, such as ‘All┐mah Ibr┐h┘m Shah┘r Beriz┐da, Mull┐ ‘Ali al-Q┐ri and ‘All┐mah ‘Abdul ╓ay Lakhnawi. The explanatory commentary written by ‘All┐mah ‘Abdul ╓ay is considered to be precise and comprehensive of all the rest. In this article, the short biographical sketch of ‘All┐mah Lakhnawi is presented alongwith evaluation of his famous academic contribution: al-Ta’l┘q al-Mumajjad. Origins and sources of this work have also been pointed out briefly.
2) تطہیرِ فکر وعمل میں مکتوبات امامِ ربانی کا منہج: ایک جائزہ
Author(s):محمد عظیم فاروقی

Abstract :

Sheikh A╒mad Sirhindi (971-1034AH) titled as Mujaddid Alf Th┐ni (Reformer of the second thousand years) made excellent use of epistle-writing at his time for reinforcement of the teachings of Qur’┐n andSunnah. These letters known as Makt┴b┐t have indeed gained a special place among the letters of Sufi sheikhs in the history of the subcontinent. Im┐m-e-Rabb┐ni wrote five hundred and thirty six (536) letters to one hundred and ninty two (192) recipients including nobles of his time, religious scholars, spiritual leaders, his authorised disciples, followers, men and women and to his Spiritual Guide (Murshad), ╓a╔rat Khaw┐ja B┐qi Bill┐h of Delhi. He culminated this art of epistle-writing to its climax. His letters played a vital role to reform the Indian society of his time in all fields of human interest. These epistles are still usefull and impressive. The present article throws light upon practical and intellectual impacts of his letters on elite class of his time and on his successors.
3) تفسیر کبیر میں واردچندبے اصل روایات کا تحقیقی جائزہ
Author(s):نجم الحسن/بی بی فاطمۃ الزھراء

Abstract :

Imam Fakhruddin al-R┐zi (died 606 AH) is one of those eminent Muslim scholars of the 7th century who made tremendious contribution towards expounding and elucidating of Islamic thought and philosophy. The Muslim ummah is still reaping the fruits of hise diligence and struggle in the shape of getting enlightenment from his many works written in various fields of Islamic sciences, especially his monumental Qur’┐nic commentary Maf┐t┘╒ al-Ghayb, generally known as al-Tafs┘r al-Kab┘r. The present article critically investigates some narrations quoted by Imam R┐zi in this work and concludes that they do not have any firm base.
4) یہودیت، عیسائیت اور اسلام میں عقیدہ توحید ورسالت اور بین المذاہب ہم آہنگی
Author(s):ڈاکٹر نورحیات خان

Abstract :

Inter-faith harmony and tolerance, at present are very important and need of the hour. Some realities and established dogmatic differences over the beliefs in Oneness of God and the Prophethood have, however, made achievement of the goal a difficult task, if not impossible. Although having faith in One God (monotheism) is a common factor in the three Abrahamic religions-repeatedly been mentioned in the scriptures- can serve as a shared base for religious harmony. Yet alterations and distortions in the Divine and Prophetic teachings has created several obstacles in reaching the objective and has espoused the ugly face of extremism and terrorism playing with lives of thousands of people in our times.The present paper discusses those obstacles and issues related to it.
5) بلوچستان میں رسم سیاہ کاری کا تاریخی جائزہ اور اسلامی تعلیمات
Author(s):ڈاکٹر سید باچاآغا

Abstract :

Honour killing is the homicide of a member of a family or social group alleged to have brought dishonour upon the family or community. The killing is viewed as a way to restore the reputation and honour of the family. In Balochistan, honour killing is known locally as siy┐h-k┐ri. Siy┐h-k┐ri is a compound word literally meaning Siy┐h as black and K┐ri as woman/female. Originally, Siy┐h and K┐ri were metaphoric terms for adulterer and adulteress, but it has come to be used with regards to multiple forms of perceived immoral behaviour. Once a woman is labeled as a K┐ri, family members consider themselves to be authorized to kill her and the co-accused (Siy┐hk┐r) in order to restore family honour. In the majority of cases, the victim of the attacks is female with her attackers being male members of her family or community. Siy┐h-K┐ri is an act of murder, in which a person is killed for his or her actual or perceived immoral behaviour. Such "immoral behaviour" may take the form of alleged marital infidelity, refusal to submit to an arranged marriage, demanding a divorce, perceived flirtatious behaviour and being raped. Suspicion and accusations alone are many times enough to defile a family’s honour and therefore enough to warrant the killing of the woman. The present article throws light on the subject from Islamic perspective.
6) امام رازی کی تفسیر’’مفاتیح الغیب‘‘ کی روشنی میں اسماءقرآن کامطالعہ
Author(s):عبدالمتین

Abstract :

Al-Qur’┐n al-Kar┘m, to us Muslims, is the absolute and error free source of knowledge for all mankind. The words and meanings of it have been revealed by Allah (SWT) and will remain unchanged for ever. First exegesis of the Qur’┐n was provided by the Prophet himself and then by his companions. Later on scholars of Islam also made notable contributions in this regards. Im┐m Fakhrudd┘n R┐zi is one of those celebrated scholars who produced an excellent Arabic commentary of the Qur’┐n covering almost all aspects of tafs┘r. The present article focuses on a small portion of Tafs┘r-e- Kab┘r, i.e. the portion in which different names of the Qur’┐n have been discussed. These names alongwith notes of al-R┐zi have been translated into Urdu followed by a discussion.
7) عورتوں کی مخلوط امامت صلوٰۃپرسیدۃ اُم ورقۃؓ کی روایت سے استدلال کاعلمی جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحمد طاہر/ڈاکٹرابظاهر خان

Abstract :

The status of Co-leading in prayers of male and female in Islam is a debatable issue nowadays. Dr. Amina wadoud an American Muslim scholar, famous for having the first feminist approach towards interpretation of the Qur’┐n (!) is in favour of it. She has quoted a riway┐h of Ummi Waraqah (may Allah be pleased with her), a companion of Ras┴lull┐h (PBUH) that the Prophet (PBUH) had permitted her to Lead the prayers in her Home. Thus Dr. Amina practically adopted this riw┐yah and led the prayer of Jumu’ah in New yark. The present paper critically investigates the status of this riw┐yah and the stance of Dr. Amina based on it.
8) مذہبی انتہا پسندی اور عصرِ حاضرمیں فرقہ واریت کے اسباب اور سدِباب
Author(s):ڈاكٹر جنىد اكبر/حافظ محمد یونس

Abstract :

The phenomenon of sectarianism and religious extremism in various forms and manifestations is present in our society. There are internal as well as external factors. The most important among the internal factors of sectarianism and religious extremism are the extreme positions of religious parties and preachers, personality-cults, egoism, sectarian bias, the concept of being the only righteous person, considering the others as misguided, converted, atheists and infidels, disrespecting religious exponents and figures of the other sects, delivering provocative and inflammatory speeches and spreading such literature. These factors are contributing to the spread of sectarianism and religious extremism. Another important reason behind the spread of sectarianism and religious extremism is the ineffective role of the moderate religious political parties and elites for not countering the exterimists’ narrative which encourage them. Besides, liberal forces that target Islam, moderate religious political parties and elites, further add fuel to religious extremism. To eliminate extremism it is important to not only enforce stringent laws, but also to address the reasons behind it. This paper attemptsto highlight the factors behind religious extremism and recommends ways and means to address the menace.
9) الصورة الفنية في شعر نجيب الكيلاني :الصورة السمعية والشمية واللمسية والذوقية (دراسة نقدية)
Author(s):Dr. Khansa al-Jaji

Abstract :

This study aims to depict the previously unexplored artistic picture in the poetry of the famous Egyptian novelist, poet & critic Naj┘b al-K┘l┐ni (1931-1995). Part first of the article provides definition of artistic image according to famous Western and Arab experts of literature. Part second critically describes various metaphorical pictures patterned by the poet in his poetry; auditory, olfactory, tactile and gustatory as well as their reciprocity with each other.
10) Christian-Muslim Interfaith Dialogue: A Study of the “World Congress of Faiths (WCF)”
Author(s):Prof. Dr. Miraj ul Islam Zia

Abstract :

The current research examines Christian–Muslims interfaith initiative through the three congresses of World Congress of Faiths (WCF). Highlighting the core theme of the Congress to work towards finding common values through dialogue among different faiths, it analyses the proceeding of the three congresses – 1936, 1937, 1938. Moving towards that, the paper examines the views of different participants from different faiths particularly Christians, Muslims, Ahmadi and Bahai faiths. It also studies the background of the Muslim participants due to certain suspicion from various quarters. While there was a great deal of understanding, respect, and mutual cooperation among faith leaders, it analyses how Muslim leaders failed to present their case. And lastly, interfaith dialogue is studied through Islamic lens to see if it was missionary motivated or it truly served the spirit of interfaith dialogue leading to harmony.
11) Christian-Muslim Interfaith Dialogue, Sir Francis Younghusband, World Congress of Faiths (WCF), Evaluation of first three congresses of WCF
Author(s):Dr. Humaira Ahmad/Dr Muhammad Hammad Lakhvi

Abstract :

“Death” has been an important theme of exploration in religions, philosophies and among common men as well. All agreed on its inevitability but anticipation and attitude towards acceptance of death has been discussed differently in philosophy and religion. The discourse on death has been an important aspect of Western philosophical tradition since ancient times which is clearly lacking in modern philosophy except in Schopenhauer’s pessimism and then again noticeable in the existentialist enterprise. However, among existentialists, Heidegger is distinguished by treating death as his personal commitment. By avoiding any transcendental explanation, Heidegger presented an ontological inquiry into the nature of death. Interwoven with complicated terminology, Heidegger personalized death with freedom to choose one’s way of dying which he characterized as authentic-being-towards-death. His emphasis on freedom gave the human valiant godly status, fearless, making new discoveries, inventions and defining his way of dying. His fellow existentialists, such as Sartre, criticized his philosophy of death. On the other hand, the nature of death being discussed in Islam is different. Islam personalizes death but gives the authority of ceasing life in the hand of God. By emphasizing the importance of the belief on Judgment Day, Islamic teachings hold a person accountable for his/her deeds before God and provokes him/her to be moderate and pious in this world which will end one day. Th
12) Religion in US Politics and the Rise of Evangelicals
Author(s):Dr. Minhas Majeed Khan/Prof. Dr. Qibla Ayaz

Abstract :

The study attempts to examine the role of religion in US politics and explains the origin and history of Evangelicals (a Protestant Christian Movement) and their influence on US domestic and foreign policy with particular emphasis on Evangelicalism in the post 9/11 period. One aspect of looking at the War on Terror (WoT) in the post 9/11 wars is to see it whether it is a war between Evangelicals and the Muslim world or not. Therefore, it is important to understand Evangelicalism and its meaning and then find its effects on US policies at home and abroad particularly in Bush presidency They study also explores Islamophobia and Evangelicals religious association with Israel.
13) A Critical Comparison on the Origin of Cosmos in Islam, Christianity and Modern Science
Author(s):Dr. Mahfuth Khamis Amafua

Abstract :

People acknowledge the effort of Modern science in bringing cosmos into reality. The research made in space has made what was once considered impossible possible and has opened the cosmos wide for further investigations and discoveries. Modern western empirical science has surely been the most impressive intellectual development since the 16th century. But this cannot of course negate the role of religion which has been around for much longer than that and is still flourishing to date despite a sustained complain to stamp it out of human orbit. Hence, none can deny the contributions of theology represented by religion on the one hand, and that of modern science on the other, since time immemorial. Even though there are many important issues and questions in this discourse, this entry concentrates on just a few. Perhaps the most salient question is whether the relation between religion and science is characterized by conflict or by concord. Of course it is possible that there are conflict and concord, conflict along certain dimensions, concord along others. This is so because religion and science are definitive contemporary discussion of many issues surrounding our understanding of God and religious truth and experience in the scientific age. This is a significantly expanded and freshly revised version of Religion in an Age of Science. In order to narrow down the arguments the researcher deems it necessary to discuss only three parties highlighted in the above title. The main

Volume No. 6

Issue No. 1

Jan-June, 2015