Peshawar Islamicus ISSN(Print): 2305-154X, ISSN(Online):2521-8409

1) تدوین وحفاظتِ قرآن :مختلف استشراقی نظریات کا ناقدانہ جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر محمد شہباز منج/صائمہ شہبازمنج

Abstract :

This paper studies approaches of selected orientalists towards the preservation and compilation of the Qur’┐n. It has been claimed by a number of Western scholars and orientalists that the existing Qur’┐n is not identical with the one that was offered by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to his followers; it was compiled by Muhammad’s companions after his death; In the process of compilation, Qur’┐n lost its originality. But this claim was challenged by a number of other orientalists themselves; they asserted that Qur’┐n was compiled and preserved in the Prophet’s time and immediately after his death, compiled in a codex by his companions. Analytical study of these two positions reveals that the aforesaid stance is based on prejudice or willful ignorance about the textual history of the Qur’┐n. In fact, Qur’┐n was revealed by Allah Almighty and is completely preserved without even a minor change or disruption.
2) کے تناظرمیں م مرگِ ترحّ امام غزالی کے خیالات کا تطبیقی مطالعہ
Author(s):پروفیسر ڈاکٹر نیاز محمد/پروفیسر ڈاکٹر قبلہ ایاز

Abstract :

Euthanasia or Mercy Killing (Qatl al-mar╒amah) is the act or practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or an incurable condition, through lethal injection or the suspension of extraordinary medical treatment. Its known types are: Active Euthanasia (a doctor provides a patient with medicine that will kill them), Passive Euthanasia (a doctor discontinues a patient's treatment, resulting in death), Voluntary Euthanasia (patient gives consent to undergo Euthanasia) and Involuntary Euthanasia (relatives use best judgement to put a patient to death when they're unable). The present article is an attempt to elaborate Ghazali’s views on the subject. He has quoted examples of some great Muslim personalities who trusting in God’s plan (tawakkul) had given up medication in certain conditions submitting themselves entirely to His will. Thus validity of passive euthanasia can be derived from such practices to some extent. Sharp difference between the two situations however is that in one situation the patient intends to take his life directly or indirectly, while in the second situation a patientgives up medication with having firm belief in his Creator. He does not intend to take his life but rather submits himself to His will.
3) جرگہ کی حیثیت کا شرعی جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاكٹرمعراج الاسلام ضیاء/محمد ناصر

Abstract :

Different clans and tribes across the country prefer Jargah system to resolve their conflicts, fueds and personal problems in accordance with their praxis and traditions. Currently, the delay in justice system, the great number of lawsuits and the scarcity of judges has once again highlighted the importance of Jargah system which is considered an effective and most suitable method to resolve family disputes in particular. In the given article, the permissibility, conditions, types and charging of fee for Jargah, status of Jargah as well as some other aspects of jargah has been discussed in Islamic perspective.
4) منتخب شیعہ وسنی متفقہ روایا ت سِیرت کااجمالی جائزہ
Author(s):سِیدجوادہادى

Abstract :

The life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), according to Qur’┐n is the best example for all Muslims. Muslims from all over the world have therefore been trying their best to follow his footsteps in letter and spirit ِ since the advent of Islam.The work accomplished with regard to recording reports about the life of the Prophet (PBUH) in general and about his conduct and character in particular bears great significance. In these recordings, however little consideration has been paid to compilation of reports equally acceptable to both Shia and Sunni schools of thought. This article attempts to high-light selected reports focusing on the aspect of akhl┐q of the Prophet (PBUH) and which have been recorded by both shi’a and Sunni sources, meaning feeding both schools of thought, Shias and Sunni alike. In this thesis an account of the life and conduct of the Holy Prophet-his individual life and life in a Muslim society has been portrayed in the light of both Shia and Sunni views unanimously accepted.
5) امام سیو طیؒکؒی تفسیر''الدر المنثور"میں سورۃیاسین کے فضائل میں وارد احادیث کی تحقیق وتحکیم
Author(s):منصف خان/مؒحمدطؒاہر

Abstract :

While expressing special merits (fa╔┐’il) of parts of the Qur’┐n, it is considerably important and compulsory to quote from the valid narrations of the Prophet (SAW) as a proof, if found. That’s why commentrators of the Qur’┐n frequently present a╒┐d┘th in their commentaries for proving their point. But it is also a fact that very little attention is given to checking the authenticity and validity of the a╒┐d┘th mentioned in this regard; many fabricated, self-made and Israelite traditions are reported by some commentators in the name of Prophetic narrations. In this continuation a number of riw┐y┐t have been ascribed to the Prophet (SAW) in the merits of S┴rah Y┐s┘n. Imam Suy┴═i in his tafs┘r has quoted thirty two of them. The fact of the matter is that some of these tradtions are authentic while others are fabricated and baseless.The current paper presents the scholarly inquiry into these traditions and analyzes their validity in order to identify the fabricated and baseless from the sound and authentic.
6) اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں بچوں پر فلموں، ویڈیو گیمز اور کارٹون بینی کے منفی اثرات کا جائزہ
Author(s):بخت شید/سعید الحق جدون

Abstract :

The considerably important responsibility that lies on the part of parents is educating and training of their children .The current era is the era of Modern technology and communication that has facilited our lives but it also have negative aspects. Keeping in view the current scenario, the responsibility of parents has become more significant. Parents need to train their children in such a way that they benefit from the contemporary facilities as well as to keep them away from its unwanted and harmful effects.In the present times, animated movies, cartoons and videos games are considered as the best hobbies of children.The parents themselves provide their kids with such stuff but don’t keep a proper check on their kids regarding the use of such entertainment stuff.Cosequently, their childrens’ physical, mental and spiritual health as well as education is badly affected. Even the western countries have admitted this fact.The current article presents a research review regarding the negative impacts of vulgar movies, video games and cartoons on children.
7) وطننا العزيز ’’باكستان‘‘ ومتطلباتها الوطنية
Author(s):د. جميل الرحمٰن بن عبدالسلام

Abstract :

We should not halt efforts to become self-sufficient and to truly progress as a nation, we have to collectively work on capacity-building that enables us to survive independently. This will be most beneficial and effective if taken up at two levels. Firstly, at an individual level, where each Pakistani is able to survive on his/her own through hard work and planning; and on a national level where the nation works hard to create assets that are of utmost use and importance for future generations to sustain . Now the future of Pakistan is really in our hands. Are we to follow those who worked hard and progressed to create an impact on the lives of many in the future, or are we to remain lazy and depend on others to help us get through with our lives? It is this fundamental choice that will determine the future of Pakistan, and luckily, more and more instances of the former are surfacing for all of us to be inspired and motivated by . Our love for motherland demands selflessness, total sincerity and dedication. We must make sure that no harm comes to it. We should understand the ideology of Pakistan. We should exhort the students to fully concentrate on their studies and acquire competency in the scientific and technological knowledge and education. We should confident of Pakistan becoming the greatest of all countries due to the extra-ordinary faculties of the new generation. We should advise the new generation to make Pakistan the dreamland of the Quaid Azam Muhammad Ali Jin
8) ظاهرة اقتناء الكلاب في المجتمع الباكستاني )دوافعه وعلاجه(
Author(s):الدكتور محمد إلياس

Abstract :

The Qur’┐n has expressed diverse benefits of animals in several places. For instance, some animals share the burden of men by carrying them and their luggage on their backs, while others serve as uncontaminated sources of food, dress and medicine for them. But at the same time, the Prophet of Islam PBUH has forbidden keeping of some animals as pets in homes and residences including dogs. The present article throws light on the phenomenon of keeping dogs in the Pakistani society and critically analyzes the custom in light of commandments derived from the Qur’┐n and Sunnah.
9) الإعجاز البياني في سورة القدر
Author(s):د. كفايت الله همداني/د. عبدالمجيد بغدادي

Abstract :

According to specialists of Arabic rhetorical sciences, the sublime Qur’┐n, the word of God, is miraculous in terms of words, order, expression and content. Its eloquence is so extraordinary that it has been challenging for fourteen hundred years the greatest literary geniuses, the most wonderful orators, and the most profound scholars among mankind to compete with it, to produce alike of it, or the like of even one of its s┴rahs. But no one has been able to open his mouth in competition of the Qur’┐n. The research paper at hand attempts to highlight rhetorical beauties of s┴rah al Qadr. Although comprising of only five verses, this s┴rah carries an ocean of meaning and eloquence. These rhetorical peculiarities among others include simile, metaphor and metonym.
10) آراء أبي الحسن على الندوي النقدية بالمديح النبوي
Author(s):د. شميم مجيد/د. خنساء محمد أدیب الجاجي

Abstract :

Ab┴ al-╓assan 'Al┘ al-Nadaw┘ is counted amongst the most celebrated Arabic and Islamic Intellectuals of the 20th century. Various are his services in the field of Literature available in the shape of books and articles. The present article discusses those writings of al-Nadawi which he scribed in the eulogy and love of our beloved Prophet (SAW). These include portions from his prophetic bibliographical work: “S┘rat al-Nabi”, “al-║ar┘q ilal Mad┘nah and Qa╖a╖ al-Nabiyy┘n. He also translated poetry of non-Arabs written in the admiration and adoration of the Prophet (PBUH). He also expressed that how the poets of sub-continent had given sublime place to the subject of Prophetic panegyrics in their works. The present article analyses his critical views in this regard.
11) محاسن الاقتباس القرآني في شعر السِّجن لابن زيدون الأندلسي
Author(s):سيد سيارعلى شاه/منظر خان

Abstract :

This article examines the impact of the sublime Qur'┐n on the poetry of Ibn Zayd┴n which he wrote when he was imprisoned by Ibn Jah┴r, the king of Cordoba, Andalusia. During this period he wrote poetry on various topics and sent them to the king. His prison poetry comprises of the use of direct quotation from the sublime Qur’┐n as well as implied quotation of it; in some places he quoted exact text of the Qur'┐n for incorporating its literal meaning and in other places, he extracted ideas from Qur'┐n in support of his argument. This article presents a detailed overview of both the cases in his poetry.
12) History and Politics of and Islamists' Responses to Local Governance in Pakistan
Author(s):Lubna Batool/Husnul Amin

Abstract :

The study explores that local governance models implemented in Pakistan by various successive military and civilian regimes reflect the inseparability of these models from its colonial past. The paper further aims to explore responses of Islamic Political Parties (IPPs) to local governance in its electoral manifestoes as well as news content (1998-2006). The main purpose is to critically examine the local governance models in Pakistan under various governments. Three major Local Government Ordinances promulgated in Pakistan include: Basic Democracies of 1959, implemented by General Ayub Khan, Local Self Government of 1979, issued by General Zia-ul-Haq, and the Devolution Plan of 2000, implemented by General Pervez Musharraf. The fourth local governance model of 2015 is perceived to be an aberration. This research concerns aspects of colonial system of Local Governance that continue in the post-colonial Pakistan with few amendments. . The study attempts to evaluate these models through two different theoretical perspectives, i.e. Bureaucratic and Majoritarian models. Since independence of Pakistan, local bodies remained indirect and non-partisan throughout military regimes mainly to manipulate the system in favor of incumbent regime. A visible change occurred during Musharraf era, and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government recently claimed to bring change in the local governance model but it still borrows ideas from colonial local politics. Methodologically, this discussion in
13) Compliance of Islamic Finance to Run a Shar┘‘ah-Based Economy in Pakistan
Author(s):Dr. Shahzadi Pakeeza

Abstract :

The Islamic Finance organizes financial services in accordance with Islamic Law. The purpose of this paper is to identify the unique challenges facing Islamic finance in compliance with Islamic law in the ambit of conventional system of banking and finance, and putting the case of Islamic finance as a role model. Islamic finance has its basis in using transaction types which are in accordance with Shar┘‘ah principles like prohibition of rib┐, gharar (an unacceptable level of risk), maysir (gambling), and forbidden things, such as wine, blood and idols. The background of Islamic finance with its roots from the era of Prophet (PBUH) and a relationship in devising tools of financial transaction in comparison with conventional system are part of this study, giving an insight into Islamic financial Law. The concentration of Islamic finance has been in Persian Gulf and Southeast Asian countries in its phase of origin but later it expanded globally and shown high growth rates in international market. There are opposition faced by growth of Islamic finance on the grounds that it has a hidden agenda to counter US economic sanctions and having terrorist financing or political agendas. While the advocates deny all such assumptions and put the argument that it is an alternate method to generate capital and provision of navel business opportunities and economic progression.
14) The Islamic Legal System of Malaysia: A Critical View
Author(s):Abdul Wadood/Shahab Naimat Khan

Abstract :

Malaysia, a multi-racial and multi-religious country has chalked a fine line between politics and the governance of Islamic laws. Majority of its population, the Muslim are governed by Islamic laws. In that direction numerous Islamic laws have been introduced in the country. However, they have been under constant criticism for being ineffective. How relevant Islamic law is in Malaysia? Is it according to the Shar┘‘ah? This research therefore provides an analysis of Malaysian legal system. The research is qualitative in nature and relies on analytical analysis. The study finds that Malaysia as a state in theory maintains itself as an Islamic state but in practice, Islam and secularism have gone side by side. The Islamic laws are reduced to a series of fines and short prison judgments that have no basis in the Shar┘‘ah.
15) The Muslims of Hong Kong and their Religious Symbols
Author(s):Syed Minhaj ul Hassan

Abstract :

The history of the Muslims in Hong Kong, or we can say in this area, dates back to 7th century AD, when the Holy Prophet Muhammad sent one of his companions to Canton, now Guangzhou, in China, thus started the Muslims religious and cultural life in this part of the world. The Muslims have their distinct religious and culture values and norms and the Muslims of Hong Kong are no exemption. The Muslims of Hong Kong like other Muslims in other parts of the world have preserved their religious life and culture through their religious symbols. Amongst these religious symbols the most important and omnipresent are their worshiping places known as Mosques and their burial places known as graveyards. Mosques are not only the prayers places but also community gathering places where the Muslims are supposed to not only pray five times daily but also to discuss their worldly as well as religious problems. The graveyards are the last abode of Muslims, which are visited by the Muslims on all auspicious occasions for the remembrance of their dead family members as well as friends.
16) Segregating Secular from Religious: A case Study of Female Mad┐ris in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Author(s):Javaria Raza/Saleem Khan

Abstract :

Pursuance of knowledge has been emphasized by all religions and fulfillment of role is adopted by mad┐ris in Islamic tradition. The mad┐ris have long history of spreading knowledge since the life of Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAW). However, curriculum of the institutions changed with change in time and space. Consistent with the argument, mad┐ris in subcontinent, particularly in Pakistan, have experienced a drastic change in their curricula, bifurcating secular from religious knowledge. Hence, the current study is designed to know the reasons and impacts of such trend in female mad┐ris of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Acknowledging the key status of Muhtamim, five of them in five different mad┐ris were selected through convenient sampling. Analyzing the data from interpretivist’s approach it is found that the act of restricting the curriculum to religious subjects only is basically a strategy of the Muhtamim┘n to continue their authority over masses and particularly the females.

Volume No. 7

Issue No. 1

Jan-June, 2016