Peshawar Islamicus ISSN(Print): 2305-154X, ISSN(Online):2521-8409

1) سید شمیم رجزکےمنظوم ترجمہ قرآن "مثنوی آب رواں" کا تنقیدی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر محمد سعید شیخ

Abstract :

An engineer by profession, Syed Shamim Rajaz (1921-2012) although not very famous has left at least one dozen writings in Urdu poetry and prose which are considered by some to be masterpieces. Most of his poetry work covers theological themes out of which “Mathnavi └be Raw┐n”, a rhymed Urdu translation of the Qur’┐n can be considered an inspiring effort by him. The poet in this work has tried to transfer the exact meaning of the Book of Allah into Urdu poetry (mostly couplets) for readers, in which he has not been very successful, neither can he be, as according to latest theories, it is impossible to transfer exact meanings of one language to another while fully accommodating its eloquence, style, rhetorical sciences and other linguistic beauties even in prose, especially in the case of translating from Arabic language. Any how this translation is a good effort which was started in 1952 and accomplished in 1965. The translator kept on reviewing it till 1985, the year in which a complete version of it was published. Second version of the work appeared in 2005. The present article presents a brief description of the life and works of Syed Shamim Rajaz alongwith a critical review of his translation which he carried out in 16899 verses.
2) اردو تراجم قرآن کا ارتقاء - موضح الفرقان کا خصوصی مطالعہ
Author(s):رشید احمد/ڈاكٹرسعىدالرحمٰن

Abstract :

Shah Waliyyullah’s Persian translation of the Qur’┐n became torch bearer for the scholars of next generations. His son Shah ‘Abdul Qadir Dihlavi translated the Qurʼ┐n into Urdu under the title Muwa╔╔i╒ al-Qur’┐n, which made Qurʼ┐n easy to be understood. Being first complete published work in the field, it gained great popularity among readers and scholars alike. After a century had passed, many words of this translation became redundant and difficult to be cognized by the next generation, a phenomena common in all languages except Arabic. Shaykh al-Hind, Maulana Ma╒m┴d ╓asan worked on Muwa╔╔i╒ al-Qurʼ┐n and prepared an updated version of it by replacing difficult words and otiose phrases and by making alterations in places where required. He named the new translation as Muwa╔╔i╒ al- Furq┐n. In this article a comparative analysis of the approach of both translaters along with some other translations has been made for the interest of general readers and specialists.
3) فکرِابنِ تیمیہ کی اشاعت میں نواب صدیق حسن خاں کی مساعی
Author(s):اکٹرمحموداحمد

Abstract :

Ibn Taymiyyah (661-728) is one of the most dynamic and seminal personalities in the history of Islam. Born in an age which was characterized by large numberof distortions and riots in the Muslim society, he struggled hard to revive Muslim society through inward animation and re-interpretation of its values in the light of a new spirit of ijtih┐d (interpretation of law) based on direct recourse to the Qur'┐n and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He came to be hailed as the mujaddid of his age whose thoughts influenced not only his contemporaries in the Muslim heartlands but reached far beyond. After Shah Wali Ullah, the most powerful advocate of Ibn Taymiyyah's ideology was Nawab Sayyid Muhammad ╗idd┘q ╓asan Khan (1832-1890), a veteran scholar and prolific writer from Bhopal. He strove hard to propagate Ibn Taymiyyah's ideas and, moreover, to remove misunderstandings by presenting them in their proper historical perspective. His Itti╒┐f al-Nubal┐, Abjad al-'Ul┴m, Tiq╖┐r Juy┴d al A╒r┐r and al-T┐j al-Mukallal contain eloquent tributes to Ibn Taymiyyah’s contribution to Islamic thought. He considered him and his pupil ╓┐fi╘ Ibn Qayyim as the mujaddids of the seventh century AH. Nawab ╗idd┘q ╓asan Khan had Nu'm┐n └l┴si's Jal┐'al-'Aynayn published in Cairo. He strengthened the ideological prominence of Ibn Taymiyyah by undertaking the publication of a number of works which either elucidated his thought or provided ideologica
4) حکمرانوں کے اختیارات، تصور احتساب اور اسلامی تعلیمات
Author(s):ض احمد فاروق/ڈاکٹر محمد ادریس لودھی

Abstract :

Rule of Law is one of the fundamental principles of good governance which is aimed for achieving excellence in Ruler-Public relations with the overall purpose of having a peaceful and prosperous state. This rule interalia include a just use of authority (within its limits), without any favour or fear or transgression. The rulers of Islamic Republic of Pakistan have an added responsibility of being answerable before God besides people. They therefore were supposed to be more conscious than others in this regard and were supposed to create an environment of equality, harmony and overall justice via introduction of an impartial system of accountability for all and by not transgressing the limits of their authority/position. It is very unfortunate to say that this has not happened so far. The present article discusses the subject in the light of Islamic teachings.
5) نزول مسیح اور آسمانی بادشاہت سے متعلق مسیحی ہزاری فکرکا تنقیدی جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاكٹر مشتاق احمد/ڈاكٹر محمدعالم

Abstract :

This short and limited article draws a sketch of the concept of the Second Arrival of the Promised Messiah, Divine Kingdom, Christian Millennialism and alike that embodies Christian theology, ethics and Christian Philosophy. Like other contemporary religions the concept of apocalypse, eschatology and a final salvation at the hand of Jesus Christ (The Promised Messiah) after his Second Arrival is dealt as a Theo-Philosophical and ethical thought in Christianity. Preliminary Christianity is seemed to be an equal sharer of Judaism in deriving the concept of catastrophic moments and of the establishment of the kingdom of the heir of Davidic family right from the Vision of Daniel expressed in the Book of Daniel of the Old Testament. In Christianity the Danielic Vision is furthered by some comprehensive texts and passages of the four Gospels, Epistles of St. Peter, St. Paul and mostly by the Vision of St. John which seems to be a Christian Edition of Daniel Book due to its thematic synonymity and similarity with the later. It is notable that the Vision of Daniel indicates a long termed kingdom run by a member of David family while the Epistles of St. Paul and certain versions of the visions of St. John predict a Divine Kingdom run by Jesus Christ (The Promised Messiah) for a spell of one thousand years. The present terms of Millennium, Millennialism and Millennial movements have been coined in the light and pursuance of the above biblical thoughts and Prophecies.
6) A Critical Analysis of the Second Advent and Millennial Reign of Christ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر سید عبدالغفار بخاری

Abstract :

Orientalism has contested meanings and coonotations even in today's world. For presenting distorted images of Islam in many instances it is still regarded as dangerous and irritated by some. The concocted images and eulogisations of disruptive and blurred vision of Islam by earlier Orientalists and their modern followers, especially of its fundamental sources and personalities are either based on malicious and erroneous quotations or are fabrications. ╓ad┘th, the second legislative source of Islamic after the Qur’┐n came under the special fire of Orientalists when they started its criticsm from the 13th century on to the 19th century. Muslim intelligentsia, however, effectively responded to the accusations and cleared the doubts created about the authenticity of ╒ad┘th. In this continuation, the present paper aims to highlight the salients of criticisms of ╓ad┘th by some famous Orientalists and investigates the matter in the light of authentic historical sources for the benefit of all.
7) القصاص ودورہ في حفظ الدماء
Author(s):فضل ودود/د.خلیل الرحمن

Abstract :

The objectives of Islamic Law (Maq┐╖id al-Shar┘’ah) aims to achieve the greater good by opening or blocking certain means that lead to harm or move people away from it. The law of qi╖┐╖ (retaliation in kind) in Islam is meant to achieve the target of a sustainable peace, to ensure security in the society and to protect innocent souls without which society would not prosper let alone come up with new ideas or contribute to the development of a high level of civilization. This, according to Qur’┐n can only be done if the law under discussion is implemented in letter and spirit. The present article discusses the sublime role of the law of Qi╖┐╖ in the control of bloodshed in the land.
8) الهندوسية في المصادر العربية: دراسة وصفية تحليلية
Author(s):عبد الرحمن خليل

Abstract :

The present article discusses Hinduism as perceived in selected important Arabic sources, whether original or translated from other languages. The study is divided into three points: point one describes the axis of Hindu belief along with description of its main pillars and religious dogmas, point two narrates faith similarities between Hinduism, Judaism and Christianity and point three discusses the biggest issue of concern for followers of Hinduism themselves- the issue of Human Rights. A comparative study of the same issue has been provided at the end of the article with Islam, the religion of Mercy and justice and according to Qur’┐n designated by Allah (sub╒┐nahu wa ta’┐l┐) for the entire mankind to follow by choice.
9) روائع البديع وأساليبه في سورة الطور
Author(s):د. مُحَمّد أيّوب الرَّشِيْدي/د.محمد ظاهرشاه

Abstract :

Arabic rhetorical sciences Ma’┐ni, Bay┐n and Bad┘’ are meant for achieving excellence in the world of the art of speaking and writing. They are designed to create a persuasive or impressive effect upon the listener and reader. Qur’┐n, to all experts of Arabic language whether ancient, classical, modern or post-modern is a perfect combination of letter, meaning, order and a lot more. The present article describes two important phenomenon of ‘Ilm al-Bad┘’: al-Raw┐i’ al-Laf╘iyyah, (splendor of words) and “al-raw┐i’ al-ma’nawiyyah, (beauty of meanings) in S┴rah al-║┴r of the sublime Qur’┐n. Both these phenomenon are effective rhetorical devices used in literature to eloquently convey the indent of words and meanings. It is important to ponder upon the Qur’┐n more carefully in order to uncover even more fascinating secrets and beauties contained in God’s words for enabling man to imbibe from the limitless oceans of God’s knowledge to the extent of his own capacity.
10) نشأة القواعد الفقهية وتطورها وبعض المؤلفات فيها
Author(s):بركت الله

Abstract :

Maxims of Islamic Law (al-qaw┐’id al-fiqhiyyah) are in fact part of the objectives of shar┘’ah (maq┐╖id al-shar┘’ah).These maxims, basically derived from the set of principles mentioned in the Qur’┐n and Sunnah replicate established opinions of Islamic Law to which Jurists appeal when confronting new legal issues. The present article throws light on the genesis of legal maxims, their development during various eras after the Prophetic age and how they reached the stage of maturity. The article also introduces major important works written on the subject, especially by ╓anafi jurists.
11) تفسير ’مفاهيم القرآن‘ لجعفر السبحاني ومزایاه في رؤية عابرة
Author(s):د. محمد عارف "عطائي" عبد الكريم

Abstract :

This article is a short review and critical assessment of the Arabic voluminous tafs┘r Maf┐h┘m al-Qur’┐n written by a reputable contemporary Iranian Sh┘’┘ scholar, Ja’far al-Sub╒┐ni (born 1347 AH-…). The author is one of those senior leaders who led the Iranian revolution. The style of the work, according to author, is thematic (dir┐sah maw╔┴’iyyah), which analyzing various subjects in separate volumes. The present article provides a short biographical sketch of the author along with special focus on critical evaluation of the main points mentioned in the tafs┘r from a Sunni perspective. The article also discusses methodology adopted in the work.
12) Monarch, Malik and Mull┐ and the Traditional Authority Pattern among the Afghans (1747-1880)
Author(s):Dr. Ghulam Shams-ur-Rehman

Abstract :

This research aims to discuss the social structure of the Afghan society and its authority patterns, and to show how the fragile social structure contributed to the ascendancy of religious class. We shall explore the authority patterns and inherent flaws of the Pashtun confederacy (r. 1747-1880) that was replaced by Afghan monarchy (r. 1880-1973) which contributed for the rise of religious authority. Moreover, the all-inclusive understanding of the socio-religious and political structure of Afghans enables us to identify the traditional authority patterns and how they contributed to form enviable grounds for religious class to hold the political power by replacing the traditional authorities of Afghan state and society. In order to understand the traditional authority patterns, we shall briefly discuss sources of authority in Afghan society ranging from the kh┐nad┐n, tribe, religion and pashtunwali. In the history of modern Afghanistan, three M (monarch, malik, and mull┐) contested for authority. The monarch’s desire to establish a centralised government might not be realised without undermining the authority of the malik and mull┐. On the other hand, the malik resisted for maintaining the status quo. The mull┐’s authority in traditional structure was minimal. Therefore, they resented against both monarch and malik. Through this assessment, we shall attempt to show the extent to which a shift from social structure to religious structure took place during the cou
13) Human Embryo’s Developmental Stages of Fertilization, Implantation and ‘Alaqah
Author(s):Nosheen Zaheer

Abstract :

Man has worked hard to reveal the mystery of his creation from the time immemorial and has now succeeded to cognize truths of scientific nature about the process of his creation with the help of the science of embryology. Beside this information man’s knowledge regarding his creation is supplemented by those verses of Qur’┐n and sayings of the Prophet (PBUH) that revolves around this topic. The present article evaluates the similarities and differences between the two versions in a comparative manner. The comparison will include information about the colour and textures of male and female reproductive substances, fertilization, implantation and the ‘alaqah.
14) Islamic Shar┘‘ah and the Status of Women in South Asia
Author(s):Aslam Khan/Waseem Khan

Abstract :

The war of ideas between Islamic and western world has two main contents: Islamization and secularization. Muslims relate the social problems in the Islamic courtiers to the secularization of the cultural norms. On the other hand the western thinkers demonstrate Islamization as the basic problem of the contemporary world. Islamic Shar┘‘ah is not truly intercepted in the lives of contemporary Muslims, which eventually created misunderstanding about it. Islam, which claims for being the second largest religion in the world today after Christianity also has a specific approach towards women in terms of defining their rights, duties and obligations from different aspects. Consequently the social status of women also got a tremendous change and betterment under the instructions made by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). There rights were made defined and they were given legal status as equal as to men’s rights.
15) Traces and Treatment of a Forgotten Sunnah Therapy: Al-╓ij┐mah
Author(s):Dr. Sheikh Muhammad Ishtiaq/Dr. Hakim Asif Iqbal

Abstract :

╓ij┐mah reinvigorate blood circulation in human body. It is useful for almost all diseases, viz, migraine, headache for different reasons, dizziness, fatigue, stiffness of muscles, stiff or swollen joint, ulcer, problems associated with diabetes, high blood pressure, psychological disorders, some cases of paralysis, Backache, gout, constipation, digestive problems, loss of appetite, insomnia problems etc. Signs and traces of ╓ij┐mah Treatment are found some 3500 years back. But, about its pioneers history is vague. This is probably due to the fact that almost every nation practiced the ╓ij┐mah treatment sooner or later. However, it is quite interesting that the first documented proof of Cupping Therapy (╓ij┐mah) is found in the teachings of Muhammad (saw), who said: “The best medical treatment you apply is ╓ij┐mah”. This article aims to root out the traces of ╓ij┐mah Practice in age-old communities and regions, discuss about its importance in the light of the sayings and practices of Ras┴lull┐h (PBUH), describe its method and mention some of the cupping points useful for fatal diseases.
16) Blasphemous Video and Banning of YouTube in Pakistan: Exploring Perception of University and Mad┐ris Students in the Mirror of Uses and Gratification Analysis
Author(s):Dr. Shahzad Ali/Ali Abul Hassan

Abstract :

The study aimed to explore perceptions of Mad┐ris and university students regarding the ban of YouTube in Pakistan due to uploading and sharing of blasphemous movie Innocence of Muslims in the mirror of uses and gratification approach. It also focused on implication of banning and unblocking of the social networking website by comparing perspectives of religious and mainstream students. In order to investigate the phenomena the Survey methodology was applied for the purpose of the research. The overall results indicated that the University students were in favor of YouTube unblocking while Mad┐ris students categorically expressed concerns over unblocking of the website. It was divulged that the majority of Mad┐ris students were desirous of a permanent block of YouTube in Pakistan while the University students held contrary view of blocking of YouTube forever. In comparison of Mad┐ris students as explored that every third university student was accessing the website while relying on the proxy server in order to unblocked YouTube. The Results showed that majority of respondents from both type of educational institutes were alive to the reason of banning of the social website. But only a few viewers watched the controversial and blasphemous video. As findings of the study indicated this point of agreement between the university students with modern outlook and the Mad┐ris students with orthodox approach regarding zero tolerance against uploading and sharin

Volume No. 7

Issue No. 2

July-Dec, 2016