Peshawar Islamicus (ISSN: 2305-154X)

1) شریعت اسلامیہ اور طبی غلطی سے بچنے کی تدابیر
Author(s):ڈاکٹر حافظ عزیزالرحمن

Abstract :

Advancements and innovations in the area of bio-medical research have made it possible to cure longstanding medical problems through effective medication and surgical interventions. Humanity has substantially benefited from such advancements. However, concerns have been raised about the medical malpractices and medical errors which occur throughout the process of contemporary medical practice. Regulatory frameworks and laws have now been tightened up almost everywhere in the world to address this downside of medical practices. This article aims at highlighting the Shariah approach regarding precautionary measures which are usually suggested to mitigate the problem of medical error.
2) تزکیہ نفس کی اہمیت، اصول اور طریق بھگود گیتا ، بائبل اور قرآن حمید کی روشنی میں(تجزیاتی اور تقابلی مطالعہ)
Author(s):ڈاکٹر آسیہ رشید/حافظ محمد شارق

Abstract :

Human beings as the chosen creation of God are beautified with apparent and inner attractions. Self-Purification affects both the aspects by developing the factors which plays a key role in personality building. At the same time, it disciplines the harm-causing elements. Furthermore, it strengthens the positive force by eliminating negative elements. Obtaining a heavenly and pure life has a constant value in all religions, which continues from maturity till death. Furthermore, if we look at the modern world, it can be felt easily that we live in a world that is confronting a moral decline. Today- it is considerably difficult to live a righteous life in the world full of sins. Hence, Self-Purification and Personality Development has a significant place in all religions of the world, whether it is Hinduism, Buddhism or Islam. All these major religions view the way of Personality Development very differently. In most of Indian (Dharmic) religions, it is thought that one can develop his or her personality through meditation and monasticism. On the other hand, Abrahamic religions, such as Islam and Christianity, use the practical and social approach for this cause. According to Islam, man has been bestowed with some distinctive characteristics which are the tools to accomplish his goals. Their appropriate use leads towards many physical and spiritual benefits individually and collectively. This article discusses the principles and techniques, which help in the intellectual gr
3) اصلاح معاشرہ ، انبیاء کرام او ر کتب سماویہ کی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں
Author(s):سید عطاء اللہ بخاری

Abstract :

Man is the vicegerant of Allah on earth as his superiority has been declared over the entire creatures. Allah Almighty has created human being for his worship. It is very important to make a better and prosperous society for the wellbeing of humankind. The article highlights the need to bring awareness about moral values that we have forgotten currently. It is our primary responsibility to bring people out of darkness into light. The paper highlights the importance of spreading awareness about ignorance, sins and all other social evils in the society. It discusses the lives of all prophets of Allah from Adam (A.S) to Mu╒ammad (SAW), who delivered messages to humanity irrespective of religious difference. They imparted education on good behavior and moral virtues. No Prophet of Allah and the revealed books allow killing, ransom, extortion, humiliation and harassment. These social values are not new in the modern era, and indeed these golden principles were set by Prophets in the books revealed to them. Islam teaches societal ethos beside religious practice. Their lesson were mainly based on love, respect to humanity, peace, justice, prosperity, unity, patriotism, and hospitality. Also, to shun prejudice, killing humanity, bribe stratification, extremism and terrorism against humanity. Men need to follow the footprints of Prophets for the reformation of society. It is our collective responsibility to act upon revealed injunctions and divine guidance.
4) سامی اقوام کے ابتدائی مسکن ، زبان اور تہذیب کا جائزہ
Author(s):مفتی محمد التماس خان

Abstract :

This article comprises of a summary of the sematic nations. Originally sematic tribes are associated to the elder son of the Prophet Noah (peace be upon him) who had settled themselves between the eastern coast of Mideternain Sea and Persian Gulf prior to 3000 BC. This article highlights the details about the locations, languages, beliefs, civilizations and cultures of the sematic nations of this area. The article also discusses three living religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam – also termed as Abrahamic faiths, belonging to the sematic race with great patriarch Ibrahim (peace be upon him) as their ancestor.
5) شیخ محمد امین الھرری اور اس كی تفسیر كا تعارفی مطالعہ
Author(s):سیف اللہ

Abstract :

Shiekh Muhammad Amin al-Arami al-‘Alawi al-Harari is one of the greatest scholars of Islam in the present time. Originating from Etheopia, he is the author of many books including a huge tafsir i.e. Hada’iq al-Rawh wal-Rayhan fi Rawabi ‘Ulum al-Qur’an which consists of thirty-two volumes where he has discussed many sides of ‘ilm al-tafsir such as syntax, Rhetoric, morphology, Jurisprudential issues, relevance between chapters and verses of Qur’an, abrogation and dialectal differences which make this Tafsir an encyclopedia in the field of Tafsir because he has elaborated almost every point of ‘ilm al-Tafsir where it was dire and necessary for the full understanding of the verses. This exegesis is the combination of the work of earlier Mufassirun such as Tabari, Qurtubi, Razi, Ibn Kathir, Shawkani and Maraghi. Certainly, this is very comprehensive and encyclopedic piece of work ever seen in the field of tafsir but there are some demerits of this tafsir which includes that this exegesis is full of baseless narrations and Israelite reports which result on the validity of this tafsir, In this article brief intro of Shiekh al-Harari and his exegesis is presented.
6) تفسیر ثعلبی: غزوہ بدرمیں نزول ملائکہ والی روایات کاتحقیقی جائزہ
Author(s):محمدعلی

Abstract :

The battle of Badr, fought in 624 AD/ 2 AH is the first major military victory of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) over his Makkan opponents. It seriously damaged their prestige while strengthening the political position of Muslims in Madinah and establishing Islam as a viable force in the Arabian Peninsula. The event of the battle of Badr has been mentioned in various places in the Qur’an. The present article discusses and critically evaluates the reports (riwayat) about the descent (nuzul) of angels on the battle ground as interpreted by Imam Tha’labi in his tafsir al-Kashf wal-Bayan. A short biography of the author and the method adopted by him in his tafsir has also been mentioned.
7) زواج مسیار کے متعلق فقہا ئےکرام کے آرا ءکا تقابلی جائزہ
Author(s):حافظ محمد ابراہیم/محمد طاہر

Abstract :

Zawaj or Nikah al-misyur is defined as a marriage contract between a Muslim man and a woman, in which the woman willingly waives some of the rights she would have in a normal traditional marriage, such as dowry, feeding, in-house presence etc. Misyar marriage is often kept secret and not displayed publicly. Most misyar brides don’t change their residences but pursue marriage on a visitation basis. Religious scholars (Jurists) have different opinions about this kind of marriage. Most of them are of the view that since conditions, including the presence of guardians and witnesses, are in place within their framework, it is therefore legal, while some others declare it as illicit. They opine that Misyar marriages are merely for a man's pleasure, avoiding any responsibilities that come with real marriage. The fact that misyar marriages are done in secret ought to give people a clue that there is something seriously and morally wrong with this type of arrangement. Misyar marriage sometimes takes place when, for example, there are many women who, as they get older, find it increasingly difficult to marry. She therefore considers that marrying a husband under misyar terms is better than remaining unmarried forever. This paper presents a critical review of arguments of both the parties and affirms the validity of misyar marriage
8) تشاؤم أبي العلاء المعري :أسبابه ومظاهره
Author(s):بخت زبير/د۔محمد ظاهرشاہ

Abstract :

Human beings- come across various things - of contentment and annoyance in life. The current study discusses the concept of happiness and annoyance, which are directly related to two basic theories of life that is pessimism and optimism. Pessimism, being a psychological factor, differs from people to people and time to time. Some people may be victims of pessimism because of political and social problems while others may be victims of ailments. So is the case of poets and writers, being interpreters of society, they interpret themselves quite vividly. Amongst the pessimist poets, one is Abul ‘Ala al-Ma’arri. In his poetry pessimism can be found in aburdance. This research focuses on the reasons behind the pessimism of Abul ‘Ala al-Ma’arri and its reflections on his life and theory.
9) أسلوب البكاء و الحنين في شعر السِّجن لمعتمد بن عباد الأندلسي
Author(s):د.سيد سيار على/نصر الله خان

Abstract :

Mu’tamid b. ‘Abbad was the ruler of Taifa of Seville in Andalusia. Being a benevolent ruler, he also became known for his literary capabilities. In his own right, he is considered one of the greatest poets of Andalusia. Mu’tamid sent a delegation to Morocco, seeking for Yusuf b. Tashfin’s assistance to save his vulnerable state from the looming threats of Christians, fearing its collapse. Due to his effective administration Tashfin took control of the kingdom, however, as he was significantly inspired by the beauty and historic legacy of Andalusia, he fought several battles and conquered Seville putting Mu’tamid and his family in prison. Living in utter destitution in the prison of Aghmat, Mu’tamid passed away in miserable conditions after 4 years. While in prison, Mu’tamid mourned his piteous existence in fine verse, lamenting his cruel detention. This article focuses on Mu’tamid’s grievance over the loss of his off springs and poor conditions of life in the prison of Aghmat. It also discusses compassion and sigh of tenderness made by him in his this poetry.
10) Establishment of Masjid-e-Nabawi and its Historical Role
Author(s):Dr. Khdija Aziz/Shazia

Abstract :

Masjid-e-Nabawi is the most sacred mosque for Muslims after Masjid al-haram, which is located in Makkah. This Mosque holds the honor of having its foundation laid by the Prophet Mu╒ammad (S.A.W). When the Prophet migrated from Makkah to Madinah, the tribal chiefs and common resident of Madinah wished that the Prophet (S.A.W) should stay at their house but the camel of the Last Messenger of Allah (S.A.W) stopped by the site of the place, where later Masjid-e-Nabawi was built and the Prophet (S.A.W) said: “This is the Home.” That particular place was known as “Rawdah min Riyad al-Jannah” He (S.A.W) enquired about the owner of the land and was told that the land was owned by two young orphan brothers, Sahl and Suhayl. The paper examines the establishment of this historical mosque and its role.
11) الماتريدية : أشهر أصحابها وعقائدها
Author(s):د. محمد طاهر

Abstract :

Al Maturidiyyah is not mere a school of theology within Sunni Islam but rather a movement that was originated in its time, which played an effective role against the ideologies propagated by the atheists, the mu’tazilites and the other deviated groups from the main stream Sunni Islam. Al Mituridiyyah is attributed to Abu Mansur Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Mahmid al- Mituridi al-Samarqandi; he was named after Maturid, which is a place near Samarqand in Transoxiana, where he was born. He was a prominent Islamic scholar who pinned down several famous works to preserve the basic beliefs of Islam. He effectively answered the doubts raised by the philosophers (mutakallimun), the mu’tazilites and the Jahamiyyah of his time in their coin on certain faith issues. The current paper presents the introduction, struggles and contributions of Imam Abu Mansur al- Maturidi.
12) Violent Extremism: The Status of Religious Minorities as targets and Victims in Pakistan
Author(s):Minhas Majeed Khan

Abstract :

Religious and violent extremism has taken Pakistan in its grips. There are various driving forces behind violent extremism; the target of which are innocent lives. Among others religious minorities are the most effected. The founding father of Pakistan laid the dream of equality and equal right for minorities. Pakistan was declared as an Islamic Republic in the 1949 Objective Resolution, which guarantees equal fundamental rights and protection against any discrimination. Similarly, the three constitutions – 1956, 1962 and 1973 – reiterate this guarantee. Religious minorities have their representation in the Provincial and National Assemblies; however, they do not have the legislation power as opposed by others. The situation at present is threatening the basic human rights of an individual through suppression and religious extremism, which is not limited to Christians but is also aimed at Muslim minority sects. Furthermore, the misuse of laws like Blasphemy Laws further intensifies their plight. The growing religious intolerance and discrimination is a widely debated subject, however, it lacks a detailed scholarship on why, how and who carry out these acts of extremism against religious minorities and, how the government in the presence of laws has responded to and addressed the problem.

Volume No. 8.1

Issue No. 01

Jan-June, 2017