Dr Javid khan Lecturer in Islamic Studies, University of Swat.
To maintain and enhance social peace and mutual interaction among people it is mandatory to resolve their mutual conflicts. The eradication of mutual conflicts and working for reconciliation is obligatory on the Muslims. Al-mighty Allah has declared reconciliation and resolution of conflicts among all the Muslims as legitimate action. There are numerous verses of the Holy Quran and Hadith of the Prophet where Muslims have been ordered for reconciliation aimed at enhancing brotherhood and peace in society. The main rationale behind this is to bring harmony and peace in the social order of life.
What are the pre-requisites of reconciliation from sharia’s perspective, in which conflict reconciliation is permissible and in which one it is not allowed. This study emphasizes to answer the above mentioned question. Furthermore, efforts have been made to provide a sharia’s foundation for those who are involved in the process of reconciliation in the form of Tahkeem. This will not only encourage them, but will help in the maintenance of peace in the society. Similarly, a comparison will also be made between the merits and demerits of Pakhtun’s traditional reconciliation process, and important suggestions will be made to make the Pakhtun’s traditional reconciliation process more productive and valuable.