Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies

1) Impact of Terrorism on Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan
Author(s):Akbar Jalil

Abstract :

Pakistan, being a key ally in global war on terror, has paid huge price in term of economy, security and national resources to address its internal security challenges. This alliance costs billions of dollars of economic loss, thousands of innocent lives and left the infrastructure in dilapidated condition. Pakistan’s political and military engagement on the so called war on terror, on behest of United States, has considerably waned economic activities across the country. Being a non-NATO ally in war on terror and its consequences in shape of terror incidents like suicide attacks, bomb blasts and attacking government installations have negatively affected the perception of investors. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA, the most vulnerable part of the country, received severe shocks of extremism and violence during war on terror. This led to undermining of economic opportunities for foreign investment in the country. Not only foreign investment but also economic growth and indigenous business activities significantly suffered in the country during last decade. This left adverse effect on national economy and led to increased risk level, uncertainty, inflation and unemployment. Thus, the short and long term potential losses to economy are substantial which could be seen in the form of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Time series econometrics has been employed to develop empirical and theoretical estimates for terrorism and FDI flow in ten major sectors of Pakistan. Auto Regression I
2) Conflicts in South Asia: An interdisciplinary Approach to Conflict-ridden Pakhtun Society as a case study
Author(s):Irfan Khan

Abstract :

Conflicts that the South Asian states are facing today stem from their complex internal dynamics with external factors impacting, exasperating and garbling the situation. The study holds that existing scholarship on conflict in Pashtun society lacks certain basic premises. These premises originating in International Relations theories nullify the whole trajectory of the existing scholarship on conflicts in Pakhtun society on logical grounds provided by Browne, Wallerstein, Jonathan Goodhand. Their theories of IR cast the conflicts in Pakhtun society in new lights that existing scholarship has failed to grasp. It plays the traditional way, which informs the major bulk of its current research in Pakhtun society, in the age of Critical Theory. The way globalisation, hegemony, and causes for the perpetuation of conflicts are held by these unheard voices in existing scholarship on conflicts in Pakhtun society allows us to break away with a circular motion in finding resolutions to these conflicts. These writers are discussed in this paper as a foil to existing scholarship on Pakhtun society to make the case for the need of a paradigm shift in our perceptions of these conflicts. Browne, Wallerstein, and Jonathan Goodhand are the most prominent links that provide this justification. It sets a new angle on conflicts in South Asia. Qualitative, Inductive, exploratory and interpretive method of research has been adopted to lay bare the many dynamics of these conflicts and to look for p
3) Nigerian National Emergency Management System and Challenges of Helping Citizens Displaced by Boko Haram
Author(s):Solomon I. Ifejika

Abstract :

Since 2009 up till date, Nigeria has been battling with challenge posed to its peace and security by the dreaded religious insurgent group, ‘Boko Haram’ in the North-Eastern region of the country. Owing to increasing terror attacks by the religious extremist militants on innocent citizens, villages and communities, a large number of Nigerians in the affected zone have fled their homes to different parts of the country for refuge. In view of the unwholesome situation, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), a body saddled with responsibility for managing disaster related issues in Nigeria has been laden with the task of responding to the plight of persons displaced by the insurgency. This paper examines the challenges confronting the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in helping Nigerians affected by the Boko Haram insurgency, and recommends strategic measures for surmounting the challenges in order to improve the conditions of the IDPs.
4) Pakistan-China Strategic Engagement after 9/11: An Assessment in the Perspective of Indian Ocean
Author(s):Khurshaid, Jawad K. Shinwar, Ahmad Ali

Abstract :

The New Silk Route and its consolidation of regional states in terms of economic integration, in the form of official rhetoric; One Belt One Road (OBOR) and China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), are on the way to flourish. Pakistan’s mainstay and the 'irony' of Pak-China friendship “higher than the Himalayas and deeper than Indian Ocean”, amidst OBOR and CPEC's implementation has hitherto been fetched the major geopolitical shifts in the region. The Indo-US “Pivot to Asia's” policy and Chinese pledge to economic-cum-strategic ambience has been redrawing the geostrategic map of the region, surrounding Indian Ocean. The emerging Sino-Russo alliance and their policy of regional integration under Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) for multi-polar world's advocacy has spill over effect for geopolitical supremacy of US, whilst the tension between India and Pakistan is at its peak. The asymmetrical competition, policy confusion for littoral states especially, Afghanistan and Iran and, unchecked arms race are the natural outcomes of the prevailing overtures.  
5) Budgetary Constraints as Third Angle to Delayed Justice: Reviewing Peace-building Efforts through Judicial System
Author(s):Raza Ullah Shah

Abstract :

The civil justice system is the bedrock of our democratic freedoms; it serves as a beacon for disadvantaged communities, a pillar for businesses, a shield for domestic violence survivors, and a safety net for children and seniors. In Pakistan however it is pragmatic that the justice system is incapable of attaining its objectives due to huge amount of delay in resolving the disputes. This is a quantitative endeavor for finding out the role of budget as a cause of delay in conflict resolution wherein a survey was conducted through a specifically designed questionnaire; distributed among three groups of respondents selected from six districts of KP province. Respondents revealed that the major budgetary causes of delay were inadequate number of judges, insufficient number of ministerial staff in courts, insufficient use of modern technologies, inadequate number of process servers, outdated land registration system and nominal salaries of the lower staff.
6) Sufi Islamism in Contemporary Pakistan: Emergence of a new ideology or Resurgence of an old trend?
Author(s):Saad Ali Khan

Abstract :

The article aims to explore the concept and evolution of Sufi Islamism in contemporary Pakistan in context of resurgence of Islamism (Political Islam) in the Muslim world. It is argued that Sufi Islamism is not a new ideology, as being perceived by the world scholars and critics. It is interesting to highlight through history that Sufi Islamism as an ideology surfaced quite often throughout the political history of Pakistan. By diverse responses and affiliation with politics and state, Sufi Islamism manifested distinctive models in Pakistan. Based on historical data and analyzed within philosophical debates of traditional and modern Islam, this article on the one hand unmasks the widely held conception about Sufis that they always remained aloof from worldly affairs (including Politics) and on the other hand it also demonstrates that Sufism has been wielded as a political resource within politics of Pakistan along with other religious resources for different goals. It is observed through the course of history that diversity of responses remained a particular hallmark of Sufism in Pakistan vis-à-vis political affairs. Therefore, it can be concluded that Sufi Islamism in contemporary Pakistan’s politics is not a new phenomenon rather an old trend.
7) Security Apprehensions with Polio Eradication Process: A Study of Katlang, District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Author(s):Muhammad Zahid, Arshad K. Bangash & Syed Rashid Ali

Abstract :

The study aims to investigate security threats to polio workers and its link with polio eradication process in Katlang, District Mardan of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study population is consisting upon 200 employees of Health department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, UNICEF and WHO. Sample size was calculated through Sekaran’s Magic table. Proportionate allocation sampling technique was used for distribution of sample size among the selected categories of the respondents. The data was collected through questionnaire. Data was analyzed and presented at univariate and bivariate levels, while using Chi Square test statistics to ascertain association between dependent and independent variables. Among the associated factors: accessibility, monitoring problems in insecure areas, attacks on polio workers, insufficient security provision and feelings of insecurity among polio workers were significantly associated with polio eradication process. Anti-vaccination rumours and misconception about polio needs to be dispelled through active involvements of religious and political leaders.
8) Table of Contents
Author(s):Table of Contents

Abstract :

Table of Contents
9) Note from Editor
Author(s):Jamil Chitrali

Abstract :

Note from Editor

Volume No. 02

Issue No. 02

Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies 

Volume 2 No. 2 July-December 2017