Peshawar Islamicus ISSN(Print): 2305-154X, ISSN(Online):2521-8409

1) غلبۂ اسلام کا طریقۂ کار:نفاذ اور نفوذ کے مناہج کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحمد شہباز منج

Abstract :

A vast range of present day Muslims have a longing of triumph, implementation and penetration of Islam. For striving to achieve this ideal they have two major notions. First is to inflict Islam and its teachings by force and power; while the second is to Islamize the society through preaching, arguing, reasoning and moral uplifting of the organs of society in the light of Islamic teachings. This paper discusses these thoughts in the light of Qur’an, Sunnah and Sirah of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). Its findings support the second notion, rejecting the first and demonstrating it against Islamic teachings. According to the investigation, basic principles of preaching and flourishing of Islam, qualities of a preacher, injunctions about preaching, jihad and socio-political efforts, on behalf of Qur’an, Sunnah and Sirah, prove that the right, legal and beneficial method for Islam and Muslims is of preaching and moral renovation of the society.
2) برصغیرمیں سیرت واَفکار ابنِ تیمیہ پر کتب و مقالات
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحموداحمد

Abstract :

Ibn Taymiyyah (661-728/1263-1327) is one of the most dynamic and seminal personalities in the history of Islam. He struggled hard to revive Muslim society through inward animation and re-interpretation of its values in the light of a new spirit of ijtihad (interpretation of law) based on direct recourse to the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (P.B.U.H). He was born five years after Halaku's sack of Baghdad and was in his teens when the Mongol storm inundated the astern world of Islam. He struggled hard to turn the tide. Mongol tribes were converting to Islam. Much of this had been due to the efforts of Ibn Taymiyyah. He came to be hailed as the mujaddid of his age. His thought influenced not only his contemporaries in the Muslim heartlands but reached far beyond. Muslim scholars in the sub-continent also became impressed by his ideology and his method of reformation. This article is an attempt to describe books, articles and theses written by scholars of Sub-continent on the life and works of Imam Ibn e Taymiyyah. It may be a fruitful attempt for the writers and researchers.
3) اسلام میں کلامی فرقوں کے ظہورکے اسباب
Author(s):ڈاکٹر جنید اکبر/ڈاکٹر محمد اکرام اللہ

Abstract :

Cognizing factors and reasons of emergence of Islamic theological Sects are necessary to be understood first before a meaningful involvement in the Intrafaith dialogue. Pinpointing of these factors will no doubt help a Muslim Scholar to play vital role in discouraging them and in stoppage of formation of new sects on the same lines.This article has therefore discussed various reasons of the emergence of Theological Schism in Islam and has argued that a single particular reason cannnot be determined as a fundamental cause, rather several internal and external reasons have contributed in the establishment of new sects out of which internal factors have left more significant impact than external factors.The Analytical study of the historical events and circumstances in early Islam suggests the following factors are major reasons for the formation of Sects: imperfection in inference from Qur’an & Sunnah, cult of personalities and reverence of ideologoies, creating new belieifs in din, following of whims & self desires, love of fame and preside, political trends,national and tribal bigotry, corrupt & irregular interpretations. Some external factors also played an imperative role in schism in early Islam. Such as Jews, Christians, and other religious communities were directly involved in dividing Muslim community by intruding their beliefs in them, which resulted in formation of new sects in Islam.
4) تارِعنکبوت اور ہمارا معاشرہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر جمیل الرحمٰن

Abstract :

Corruption has plagued our society from the very beginning. It has been rampant among the ruling plutocracy and powerful bureaucracy unrepentantly. Nationalization and privatization policies of successive democratic governments as well as the intermittent military dictatorships have benefited only a few rich business magnates over the years thereby weakening the very fabric of society. The impact of this large scale corruption among the ruling elite and the resultant disturbance in the society is too obvious not to be noticed. The resultant lack of facilities and amenities for the general masses such as electricity and other means of sustenance have made the lives of people miserable. It has in turn endangered the very safety of our country and its people by causing security problems inside home as well as from the outside. The menace of corruption has got roots and spread into all walks of life in our society. Today our whole society is suffering from this. Individuals have been badly affected by the corrupt practices in society. Almighty Allah has related the story of a Spider and its Cobweb in the holy Qur’┐n in order to direct our attention to the life of an individual in a Muslim society. In this article, I have examined the prevalent condition of our society and the problems people are facing in our beloved country and their solutions in the light and guidance of the holy Qur’an.
5) تفسیر نمونہ میں مباحثِ علوم القرآن کاتجزیاتی مطالعہ
Author(s):محمد مدثر شفیق

Abstract :

The trend of writing Qur’anic commentary by Muslim scholars in numerious languages has been a common and continuous process down the centuries. Qur’anic tafasir represent various schools and doctrines. Experts of the discipline have categorized tafs┘r┘ riwayat (reports based on indivisual judgements of mufassirun) into two major categories of authentic/accepted and unauthentic/not accepted. In a report attributed to Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), Tafsir has been divided into four types of: (a) that the Arabs know by their language, (b) which no one can be excused from not knowing (i.e. mandatory to know), (c) which the scholars are aware of and (d) which none can know except for Allah. The present article provides an analytical study of the themes of ‘Ulum al-Qur’an found in Tafsir e- Namunah written by a group of Iranian scholars headed and supervised by Ayatullah Nasir Makarim Shirazi, all associated to the ithna ‘ashari shi’ah Islam. The commentary was first written in Persian and then translated to other languages including Urdu.
6) نسلى برترى اورنظرىۂ فوقىت كے عوامل اور عنا صر
Author(s):ڈاکٹرفاطمہ/ڈاکٹرحشمت بیگم

Abstract :

Racism is an ideology which believes in the division of human society in the categories of superior and inferior. It preserves the privileges and rights of the superiors only. Human society becomes an imbalanced society when the characteristics of justice, sympathy and mutual equality replaced by inferiority, self- realization and race, genetic, politics, difference of professions, socio-economic status and difference of religions. The virtue of equality is a basic unit for the establishment of a just and a prosperous society.The current research work is based on the discussion about the different factors which create the atmosphere of racism & superiority and further its consequences in the society.
7) مولانا عنایت رسول چِریّاکوٹی کے بعض تفردا ت کا تنقیدی جائزہ
Author(s):حافظ فیاض علی/ڈاکٹررشید احمد

Abstract :

Maulana Inayat Rasool (1809-1905) of Chiraiyakot, (India) is one of the prominent Muslim scholars in the area of Comparative Study of Religions of his time. In order to properly understand Judaism and Christianity, he learnt Hebrew, Greek and Kaldi languages. He wrote several books most of which are still unpublished. His late written published works include “Bushra” which according to him took twenty years of his life to scribe. This work is also considered the most important as it consists of a comparative analysis of the good news and glad tidings (Bushra) about the coming of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), mentioned in Torah, Gospels and the Qur’an. Despite being a valuable contribution, this work contains isolated and solitary opinions of the author, some of which are subject of a critical analysis in the present paper.
8) الترابط النصي وأدواته-قصيدة ( أمتي ) لعمر أبو ريشة أنموذجاً
Author(s):رغد محمد ديب الجاجي

Abstract :

There have been an enormous evolution in the literature and linguistic studies particularly in the textual studies. The latter occupied a great importance amid the modern linguistic researches. My aim for this research lay in presenting a brief vision for the readers familiarizing them with the “text grammar” by discussing its origins and the reasons behind its emergences as well as its objectives. The research has also tackled the criteria and tools of this science used by the researcher to achieve the desired outcome. These tools were used and applied on the poem of the poet “‘Umar Ab┴ R┘shah” which conveyed the great range the script had possessed for script coherence and showed what was available and was not and concluded with an ending that entailed the result of this research.
9) صرف الزكاة فى سبيل الله بين التوسيع والتضييق(دراسة نقديةومقارنة)
Author(s):الدكتور أمجد حيات/الدكتورشاه معين الدين الهاشمي

Abstract :

Permissibility (al-ibahah) is one of the five degrees of approval in Islamic law; it provides option to Muslims to perform or not to perform a certain act as per their desire. If any activity is performed under this order, no punishment or reward is liable to him/her. In other words it nullifies the status of delinquency. The present paper first defines the lexical and technical meanings of permissibility as defined by renowned Islamic scholars such as al-Shatibi, al-└midi and al-Ghazali. Secondly it provides details about the conventional law that how it removes responsibility of delinquency of an act and makes it permissible. It also discusses different types and causes of permissibility, differentiating it from insanity in which case a person commits an offense under defective understanding such as childhood, mental illness or in sleeping. These conditions remove responsibility and prosecution by both the laws. Different rules regarding mistake and ignorance in the case of al-ibahah permissibility has also been discussed in detail along with discussion on limitations of al-ibahah
10) مدينة كابل و محدثوها
Author(s):اسرار الحي منيب/د-معراج الإسلام ضياء

Abstract :

The era in which the present most populated, most civilized central city of Afghanistan-Kabul- was named in its present form is not exactly known. Rig Veda called it Kobha, and Avesta named it Vackereta, Batlimus (Ptolemy), the famous Greek historian mentioned its name as Kabura and its residents as Kabolitae. Abu Dawud al-Sajistani (817--889 CE), the renowned Im┐m of hadith, in his Sunan used its present form of name in two places. The city of Kabul has many historical sites belonging to various ancient dynasties that ruled it. It also is the place of eternal rest of some companions of the Prophet (PBUH). The number of persons who narrated the Prophetic traditions (muhaddithun) in the first golden era of Islam stemming out of this city, according to our research, reaches six. They are: Salim b. ‘Ajalan, ‘Ali b. Mujahid, Shimr b. ‘Atiyyah, Muhammad b. al-‘Abbas, Makhul b. Abi Muslim and Abu hanIfah (Nu’mAn b. Thabit). The present article throws light on the subject along with a brief introduction of the city from original sources.
11) النشيد الإسلامي المعاصر: النشيد السوري أنموذجاً
Author(s):د. خنساء الجاجي/د. ظلال الجاجي

Abstract :

Having different connotations in various Islamic countries, nash┘d mainly stands for an Islamic Song. The present article introduces nash┘d, explains its importance and sheds light on its numerous aspects and usages in the society such as: teaching, preaching, and entertainment. The article also discusses difference between Islamic and Religious nashids; difficulties faced by the Islamic nashid; most important schools of Islamic nashid, famous Munshidun in Arabic countries and all over the world and famous poets whose poems were converted to songs, such as ‘Umar Baha al-Din al-Amiri
12) The Hanafi Legal Theory: Some Significant Issues
Author(s):Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmad

Abstract :

Hanafi School has a comprehensive and internally coherent legal theory the most important characteristic of which is the use of the general principles of law. The School also developed a system of ‘precedents’ and, for that purpose, the grading of jurists and manuals of law which help in resolving analytical inconsistencies and resultant in a smooth functioning of the system. The jurists of the School have occasionally differed, but the disagreement has always remained at the level of ‘interpretation of facts’ and not at the level of ‘legislative presumptions’ of the School. It is these latter principles – the legislative presumptions – which determine the core legal theory of the School and give it a peculiar flavor.
13) Discourse on the Legality of Rebellion in the Hanafi Jurisprudence
Author(s):Sadia Tabassum

Abstract :

Abu Hanifah, the founder of the Hanafi School, holds that an unjust person or the one who commits major sins is not entitled to rule the Muslim community. However, as the attempt to forcefully remove such a ruler may lead to bloodshed and disorder, Abu Hanifah did not allow such an attempt unless it could be proved that it was the lesser of the two evils. Moreover, Abu Hanifah was of the view that all the lawful commands of such an unjust ruler must be obeyed till he remained in power. However, he accepted the consequences of de facto authority for such a ruler under the doctrine of necessity. The manuals of law-proper in the Hanafi School show that the ╓anafi School officially accepted the foundations of the position of Abu Hanifah in recognizing the limited right the community to remove an unjust ruler. The right stems from the concept of commanding good and forbidding evil which, according to the Hanafi law, is a universal obligation. However, like other obligations, it also has some prerequisites as well as legal obstacles which must be observed in order to avoid greater mischief.
14) The Qur’anic Concept of the Injil- An Analytical Study
Author(s):Muhammad Islam

Abstract :

Scholars of comparative religion often observe that various religions have certain similarities. However, when they study these similarities with more care, they realize that apparently similar concepts are different in subtle and unexpected ways. Islam and Christianity share many apparently similar concepts such as, prophetology, revelation, sacred books, ‘Ulama’ and clergy, and mosques and churches. This paper aims at elaborating the Qur’anic concept of the Injil and investigates whether the Injil mentioned in the Qur’an refers to the Christian canonical gospels or to a different scripture. The article starts with a brief survey of literature, advances to describe different uses of the kitab in the Qur’an, formulates a typology of the Injil-related Qur’anic verses, turns to highlight the characteristics of the Injil mentioned in the Qur’an, discusses the question of the distortion of the previous scriptures, and ends with a critical appraisal. It concludes that the Injil in the Qur’an mostly refers to the revelation entrusted to Prophet ‘Isa not to the Christian canonical gospels. However, when the Qur’an charges Christians with distorting their scripture, it may refer to the canonical gospels as well. Moreover, the paper relates this question to the debate of scriptural distortion and difference between Islam and Christianity in terms of prophetology and revelation and suggests that for this reason the Injil should be treated differently from the Tawrah
15) Abul-Qasim Al-Zahrawi: The Great and Pioneer Muslim Surgeon and Inventor of many Surgical Instruments
Author(s):Prof. Syed Minhaj ul Hassan

Abstract :

Abu’l-Qasim Khalaf b. al-‘Abbas al-Zahrawi (936-1013 AD) can be rightly called the father of modern surgery. He was a physician, surgeon and Chemist who not only used ancient knowledge in his practice but also introduced new surgical methods and surgical instruments. He wrote a 30 volume medical book, al-Ta╖rif li man ‘ajaza ‘an al-Talif (An Aid for those who lack the capacity to Read), in which he wrote on medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pharmacology and nutrition. He discussed in his work more than 300 diseases and its treatment. Al-Zahrawi being a Muslim also put great emphasis on medical ethics. He advised his pupils to keep the interest of their patients supreme above every kind of greed.

Volume No. 8

Issue No. 2

July-Dec, 2017