MUHAMMAD ZIAD, SALMA KHALID, ALIA NAZ, WISAL SHAH, ABDULLAH KHAN, AYAZ KHAN, ZIAUR REHMAN
The present study was conducted at Panian-1 Afghan refugee camps of District Haripur for the Purpose to evaluate the quality of drinking water. Total of twenty one water samples were randomly collected from hand pumps, containers and tube wells which are the main sources of water used by the local community. Eleven samples were collected at storage point i.e. (containers in which community stored water) and twelve were collected from hand pumps while two of the samples were collected from the main tube wells. The collected samples were then analysed for selected physical (Turbidity, pH, EC, TDS, taste, colour and odour) chemical (Fluoride, Nitrate) and biological (Total coliform, E. coli ) properties. According to this study, water sources were found more contaminated and did not meet the safe limits for drinking water as described in the WHO guidelines. The ratio of bacteriological contamination i.e. in 53% of the samples T. Coliform while in 47% of the samples E.coli was detected. In 53% of samples T. Coliform while in 47% of samples E. coli were found . Major causes of water contamination were found poor water quality (41%), improper sanitation system (37%), open defecation (12%) and unhygienicconditions (8%).All these factors contributing major threats to the local community in form of water borne diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid, hepatitis, skin diseases, and cholera.