Peshawar Islamicus ISSN(Print): 2305-154X, ISSN(Online):2521-8409

5) نبوت مصطفوی ﷺ کی آفاقیت اور استشراقی زاویہ نگاہ : نقد وجائزہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر محمد فیروزالدین شاہ کھگہ

Abstract :

The indispensability of Prophet-hood is wholly established fact throughout the intellectual glob for its divine force and support that lightens the ways of life. However, there has been a contention of views within the people of books and Islam. Islam holds the view that Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is not only for Arab’s gentiles rather Islam presents him as a prophet for all mankind. Number of Qur’anic verses explicitly describes the universality of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). Since, the Islamic teachings have a perfect status to delve into worldly problems and become a categorical source of emancipation for all the human-being, some Orientalists like Wensinck, Carl Brockelmann, Wellhausin, Edward Gibbon and Montgomery Watt etc., allure the notion that Muhammad was merely sent to the pagans of Mecca and that he never tried to convert Jews and Christians towards Islam. The paper has specifically concerns with this contradict opinion of Orientalists and highlights the features of Prophetic universality, while encountering their views on the basis of critical analysis.
6) یہودیت اور اسلام میں گناہ کبیرہ کا تصوراور اقسام
Author(s):ڈاکٹرمحمد اکرام اللہ/ڈاکٹرجنید اکبر

Abstract :

Due to problem in web please see "ABSTRACT" inside the Article
7) رسم عثمانی کے مناہج-مطبوعہ پاکستانی مصاحف کا خصوصی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر محمد ادریس لودھی/ڈاکٹر حافظ محمد اجمل

Abstract :

Written compilation of the Quran was started in the life of the Prophet (PBUH) who had appointed permenant scribes (katibin) for the purpose. The form and time line of Quranic text has been studied a lot by classical and modern scholars known as ‘ilm rasm al-mushaf. The present article discusses the importance of the shape/consonantal skeleton of the ‘Uthmanic script of the Quran which was agreed upon by almost 12000 companions of the Prophet (PBUH) and preserved with great care till our day. It also explains view point of the four fiqhi madhahib on the subject. Later on it takles the study of two standard scripts of the Quran published by Pakistani companies, Taj and Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam. The study points out that the masahif printed by these two companies are toatally authentic, especially that of Taj, which has properly been approved by Saudi based ‘Ulama and others and follow (predominantly) the method of Imam Dani and Imam Ibn Dawud in writing of some alphabets, which are two approved methos of the standard ‘Uthmanic sript of the Quran. Total deviation from these scripts and adoption of a new one in Pakistan may lead to social chaos and spread of sectarianism.
8) قصۂبحیرا کی عیسائی روایات: تحقیقی جائزہ
Author(s):محمد حفیظ الرحمٰن/ڈاکٹر حافظ محمدسجاد

Abstract :

Commonly every religion has an urge to be testified by its predecessor religion. Although Islam does not need any such attestations, yet it is taken as a sigh of content, if some attestations are found in any like manner. The “Story of the Monk Bahira” can be said to be such an example, which is presented by Muslim scholars as an attestation for the prophet hood of Muhammad (PBUH). Nevertheless this story gained a lot of applause in Muslims, but fact of the matter is that it was nothing but a polemic tactic used by medieval christians to “prove” that Islam was nothing but a christian “heretic cult”, and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was depicted to be a person who got all his ideas from a christian monk, and received no revelations from Allah (S.W.T.). The whole story is crafted in such a manner that a lay man could easily be deceived, and consequently can reject to testify the prophet hood of Muhammad (PBUH). But, a close analysis of “facts” and “arguments”, and the manner of their presentation in the story lead to conclude that not only these stories were false and fake, but also it firmly denounced the myth that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was taught by some christian monk instead of being appointed as a messenger by Allah (S.W.T.) The objective of the article in hand is to discuss and analyze the “facts” and “arguments” presented in the non-Islamic traditions of the story of the monk Bahira.
9) مولانا حسین علی ؒ واں بھچروی کے تفسیری اصطلاحات کا جائزہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹر ثناء اللہ حسین

Abstract :

Mawlana Husain ‘Ali (1867-1944 AD), born in the remote village of Wan Bhachran, Mianwali, Punjab- Pakistan was a prolific scholar of tafsir of his time. He got basic education from his father and local ‘ulama. Afterwords he travelled to India in quest of further knowledge of Islam and became student of the great Indian scholars of the time such as Mawlana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, Mawlana Ahmad Hasan Kanpuri and Mawlana Mazhar Nanotavi. The last out of these three scholars had earned fame as an expert of Qur’anic exegesis due to his tireless efforts and outstanding contributions in the field. Mawlana Husain ‘Ali faithfully absorbed the light of Qur’anic knowledge transferred to him via his teacher and further contributed in the field. The present article studies the exegetical terminologies devised by Mawlana Husayn ‘Ali for thematic understanding of the Qur’an and present relevant examples for clarification. The predominat nature of these terminologies is thematic which can occassionaly be structural or formal.
10) اسلامی تعلیماتِ جنگ وامن میں انسانی اقدارکالحاظ وتحفظ :ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ
Author(s):ڈاکٹرحشمت علی صافی

Abstract :

Islam is a Divine religion and a complete code of life that directs its believers in every sphere of life. Islam always strives for the development of peace and harmony, condemns war and allows it only for the sake of self-defence and protection but as war is a peculiar human activity especially in this global era, thus, Islam has determined appropriate principles for both War and Peace. Muslim attitudes to war and peace are based on the teachings of the Qur’an and the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). One of the salient features of these teachings is giving considerable importance and protection to human values. The article in hand presents a research analysis of Islamic human-friendly Principles and Ethics of War and Peace.
11) العربية و وضع المصطلحات فى الأردية (المصطلحات القانونية نموذجا)
Author(s):الدكتور إنعام الحق غازي

Abstract :

The multi-layered historical contacts between Arabic & Urdu resulted in multidimensional off-shoots: lexical and semantic borrowing, acculturation, literacy influence and over-all linguistic impact have been the most prominent areas. The proposed article discusses some characteristics of the Urdu language related to borrowing and then sets out to analyse the Arabic borrowed vocabulary that have been assimilated in Urdu as legal terminology. the analysed vocabulary falls in six categories indicating the manners by which these borrowed words & phrases have evolved as legal terms in Urdu language. The most important categories include pure Arabic lexical items, Arabic phrases, Urduaized Arabic lexical items, Arabic words with Urdu suffixes & prefixes and Arabic words combined with the words of languages other than Urdu. The article, in addition to the conclusions, deciphers an important area of research that needs be further explored and researched with the latest tools provided by Linguistics, Translation Studies and Terminography
12) نظرية الأدب الإسلامي عند محمد إقبال
Author(s):د. هاني إسماعيل رمضان

Abstract :

The poet Muhammad Iqbal is the spiritual father of Islamic literature, and the first founder of it in theory and practice. He was the first to point out the need of the Islamic nation to represent the literature including ethics of Islam. He was the best ambassador of Islamic literature, combining the poetic talent and philosophical wisdom compatible with the foundation of the Islamic faith. This research seeks to clarify Iqbal’s theory of Islamic literature by reviewing the impact of its emergence, and the concept and function of Islamic literature and aesthetics in his poetry. The need of the present writing was felt because despite of Iqbal’s popularity and acceptance in the Arab-Muslim world, study of his thoughts, however is not compatible with it
13) من هو الطفل الذبيح : إسحاق أم إسماعيل - مقال تحقيقي شامل للإسرائيليات الواردة وأقوال السلف في كتب التفسيرالعربية
Author(s):دلاور سيلاب/د. معراج الإسلام ضياء

Abstract :

In spite of varying methods and writing styles, Muslim tafsir literature possesses quite a large number of biblical accounts and stories of previous Prophets and former nations, commonly known as riwayat isra’┘liyyah. A lot has been written about the origin and quality of these riwayat and that how did they penetrate into Qur’anic exegesis. One of such accounts relates to the story of the child who was offered for sacrifice by the prophet Abraham (Peace be upon him). According to the Old Testament (Genesis: 22), Abraham was instructed by Allah (subhanahu wa ta‘ala) to offer Issac for sacrifice on Moriah. This event is known as “Aqedat Yitzhaq” (in Hebrew) = “The Binding” (in English). This episode has been the focus of tremendous interest of scholars/interpreters/missionaries (both classical and modern) of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The present article, through critical investigation, looks into the story in Muslim Arabic tafsir literature and points out biblical accounts and opinions of early scholars about them.
14) تعارض الجرح و التعديل وأ ثره في الحکم علی الحديث
Author(s):د/اسرار الحی(منيب)

Abstract :

Due to problem in Web please see "ABSTRACT" inside the article.
15) نظرية فرويد النفسانية وأثرها فى هدم شخصية الإنسان من منظور إسلامي
Author(s):محمد زبير عباسي

Abstract :

The well-known pcychologest of 20th century Sigmond Freud brought Psychology a very new and modern trend that was known later as a Freudian Psychoanalysis. The Fruedian perceptions regarding psychoanalysis were totally unfamiliar to Qur’an guidance. He disregarded whatever Qur’an says about the transitive and tormentor psycho diseases. Meanwhile, the frame of Qur’an psychology leads to morlas and great manners. The following paper attempts these issues modifying the areas of problems in Fruedian psychoanalysis.
16) Practice of halalah (marriage with the intention of divorce) and Islamic Concept in the Light of Fiqh
Author(s):Dr. Shahzadi Pakeeza/Madiha Hameed

Abstract :

Marriage in Islam is the legal contract that has religious bindings and is highly revered and extolled in Islam. Great emphasis is laid for protection and maintenance of this contract and certain rights and duties become its integral part. A temporary marriage with the intention of divorce is called halalah which is condemned and highly abhorred in Islam. The prime objective of this research is to find out the real concept of halalah in Islam in the light of basic sources Qur’an and Sunnah. The present research also aims to draw attention of the masses to this subject and to evaluate misconceptions regarding moral and ethical bases of the distorted projection of Islamic injunctions on the issue of halalah. A descriptive study in this regard was conducted to analyze the differences and clarifying the concepts of masses by elaborating the Qur’anic verses, their elucidation in various tafasir, traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and juristic opinions of major schools of thought in Islamic Law. The findings of the research brings forth logical arguments that support the theme of this research and a situation in the present Pakistani context is also briefly given to give the perspective of country laws prevalent in Pakistan. It was concluded that halalah marriages are distorting the moral and ethical basis of Islam and due to wrong concept of halalah people are making the mockery of Divine laws. The prevalent concept of Marriage in Islam is the legal contract that has r
17) Surah al Kahf: A Multiple Literary Approaches Reading
Author(s):Mehwish Noor/Dr Riaz Ahmed Mangrio

Abstract :

The study aims at providing insight into the interpretation of surah al Kahf in Holy Qur’an through traditional literary approaches: historical and biographical approach and moral and philosophical approach. For the analysis, the approaches ponder over the historical and biographical context and reference as well as consider the moral and philosophical teachings as the core purpose of the literary text. Ayat ‘Verses’ are discussed in the light of the approaches in separate sections. The analysis shows a reciprocal relationship and their interdependency among the approaches due to the fact that historical approach validates the biographical accounts narrated in the suarh that further guides towards the philosophy of the existence of the one and only Allah (swt) as the Creator. In connection with historical account, philosophies of good and bad, right and wrong, the logical reasoning behind the purpose of life, the life and death and the life after death are also explained. The philosophical reasoning leads towards the morality and ethical teachings. The literary approaches are significant to study the eloquence of Qur’an and suggested for further analysis with reference to other surahs.
18) Superstitions and Intellectual Disability: Local Discourses of Science and Religion in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Author(s):Dr. Shakeel Ahmed/Dr. Johar Ali

Abstract :

Superstitions normally occupy important position in human societies. They exist in almost all societies with different degree and frequency depending upon their level of development. Like other things and events, they also define and manage intellectual disability. To understand the association of intellectual disability and superstitions, a qualitative study was carried out in District Peshawar and Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study found that mostly the females (mothers) were more superstitious as compared to males (fathers). Their superstitious nature was found due to their extreme culturally required attachment, social pressure and ignorance of science and religion of Islam. Furthermore, the poor parents were more inclined to practicing superstitious practices and beliefs. The economically marginalized parents were mostly illiterate and ignorant of the latest medical therapies and above all they were unable to afford the medical expenses incurred by the medical therapy. In addition, such available practices and beliefs were found as an effective immediate psychotherapy for the parents who felt helpless to deal with the problem. Therefore, the available practices and beliefs known to them or recommended by the relatives and neighbors such as wearing amulets in their necks with forbidden words, chanting of spells and approaching shrines, provided them a hope of recovery
19) The Islamic World: An Interpretative Analysis of Great Power-Dynamics in the Post-Arab Spring Middle East
Author(s):Dr. Tasawar Baig/ Dr. Minhas Majeed Khan/ Mr. Khurshaid

Abstract :

Due to Error in Web please see Abstract inside the main Article.
20) Islam and the West: The Politics of Phobia
Author(s):Dr. Minhas Majeed Khan/Dr. Tasawar Baig/ Ms. Saadia Beg

Abstract :

The dawn of 21st Century inherited the bad relations between the Muslim World and the West. Primarily, the unresolved political issues of the Cold War shaped the agenda for the post-Cold War scenario. Especially, the political script of post-Cold War period dominated by Huntington’s Clash of Civilization theory, which portrayed Islam as the greatest threat to Western culture and values. This notion was being applied on various domestic vis-à-vis global situations that had nothing to do with the Muslims, and this fear of Islam or Muslim - Islamophobia - in the West created a gulf between the Muslim world and the Christian West. Islamophobia is a much talked about phenomenon; however, little attention was given to the fact that the Muslim world and some Western critics were also blaming the West as one of major source of political unrest in the Muslim world, which perpetuated bad relations between the two. Resultantly, evolving the geopolitics of emotions around politics of phobia(s) or xenophobia intensified the core basis of political processes in international relations. Similarly, in Muslim World, the very foundations of the phobia(s) or emotions of fear, suspicion and humiliation evolved or studied through historical prisms that include the history of Crusades, the era of colonialism and geopolitical maneuverings in post-colonial settings, developed serious levels of mistrust referred to as Westophobia. The global ramifications of these phobias are worrisome development

Volume No. 9

Issue No. 1

Jan-June, 2018