Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies

1) Title Page
Author(s):PJPCS

Abstract :

PJPCS
2) Contents
Author(s):PJPCS

Abstract :

Conflict Resolution Strategies and the Issue of Kashmir: Contextualizing Peace in the Post-colonial era in South Asia Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi 1 The Status of Peace and Conflict Studies Research in Pakistan: A Study of HEC Recognized Journals Imran Ahmad Sajid 15 Femininity, Patriarchy and Women Political Representation in Pakistan Akhlaq Ahmad and Haq Nawaz Anwar 23 Impacts of Drone Attacks on Economic Activities, Education and Health in North Waziristan, Pakistan: A Perception Survey Fakhr-e-Alam and Mohsin Kamal 39 Role of External Actors in Liquidating State Institutions and Genesis of Insurgency in Syria Jawad Khan Shinwari, Ahmad Ali, and Khurshaid 47
3) Note from Editor
Author(s):Editor

Abstract :

The issue of PJPCS, the fifth in line, contains five papers on topics relevant to peace and conflict studies. The topics range from Kashmir dispute to drone attacks, Syrian conflict, women political representation, and also includes a paper on the status of peace and conflict research in Pakistan. The author, Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi, analyzes the Kashmir issue in the light of conflict resolution strategies. He discusses various approaches toward Kashmir dispute including egoistic and resources approach. He further discusses conflict management styles including avoiding, accommodating, competing, compromising, and collaborating. He also discusses post-colonial peace theory and democratic peace theory and how they might be applied to Kashmir dispute. The author, Imran Ahmad Sajid, discusses the status of peace and conflict research in Pakistan. While limited in many respects, his paper adopts a structured methodology to look for journals and papers relevant to peace and conflict studies. He argues that peace and conflict research is shadowed under the clouds of political science, international relations and regional studies. He further claims that the major focus of peace and conflict research has been on Pakistan, US, China, India, and Central Asia. Adopting a qualitative approach, the authors Akhlaq Ahmad and Haq Nawaz Anwar look into women political representation in Pakistan through the sociological lens. They adopt a feminist perspective in analyzing women po
4) Conflict Resolution Strategies and the issue of Kashmir: Contextualizing Peace in the post-colonial era in South Asia
Author(s):Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi

Abstract :

Resolution of international conflicts and promotion of peace has been, a long cherished, desire in South Asia. The disparaged relations between India and Pakistan due to Kashmir with a colonial legacy have kept the entire region starved of peace. Conflict (in case of Pakistan) or no conflict (in case of India by not accepting Kashmir as a disputed territory) is a foregone issue. Now the resolution strategies for Kashmir, adopted by India and Pakistan have further intricated the already complex issue. Moreover, lack of communication enhances a conflict. Both countries have failed in keeping communication to reach to a common point to begin the resolution of conflict- Kashmir. Thus, in a time, when both countries are not interacting cooperatively, their engagement in conflict resolution strategies will muster remedy of Kashmir. By suggesting assortment of strategies of the regional dispute, South Asia may experience peace in the foreseeable future.
5) The Status of Peace and Conflict Studies Research in Pakistan: A Study of HEC Recognized Journals
Author(s):Imran Ahmad Sajid

Abstract :

This paper aims to study the status of peace and conflict research in Pakistan. In the backdrop of post 9/11 terrorism and war on terror in the region, it is gradually been realized that the area needs peace and that it needs to be practically pursued. With the emergence of peace and conflict studies as an academic discipline in Pakistan, the research on the subject is also gaining grounds. However, peace and conflict research, at the moment, is clouded under the shadows of political science, international relations, defense, strategic and security, regional studies, and current affairs. This paper focuses on peace and conflict research in Pakistan by analyzing research journals being recognized by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (the public agency authorized to recognize academic journals). The paper analyzes the contents of relevant journals, particularly journals that focus on regional affairs, political studies, defense, security and strategic studies, and peace studies. The paper analyzed the contents of the latest four issues of the said journals and categorized the articles under certain themes that might emerge as a result of analysis. A total of 29 themes were found in this study.
6) Femininity, Patriarchy and Women Political Representation in Pakistan
Author(s):Akhlaq Ahmad & Haq Nawaz Anwar

Abstract :

Drawing on the in-depth interviews with the 10 women political representatives; elected directly from the constituencies or selected on women quota from the Punjab provincial assembly, we looked at their experiences in the dominant masculine political structure of Pakistan. This research explains the ways femininity of the women representatives is used for their subordination within the power structure. The results show that women representatives under the strong hold of domesticity ideology and traditional gender roles submit to the patriarchal stances of the Pakistani politics. However, sometimes they bargain their patriarchal dividends by emphasizing their femininity and endorsing the male supremacy.
7) Impacts of Drone Attacks on Economic Activities, Education and Health in North Waziristan, Pakistan: A Perception Survey
Author(s):Fakhr-e-Alam and Mohsin Kamal

Abstract :

In 430 of US drone attacks in Pakistan’s tribal area starting in 2004, more than three thousand militants have been killed. However, hundreds and thousands of civilians were also put down in such attacks. This drone warfare has affected not only the flora and fana of the area but the residents have formed a draconian perception of the drones as well. This study looks into the perception of the residents of North Waziristan on the impacts of drone attacks on the economic activities, education and health of the people. The study was quantitative, and a survey questionnaire was used as the tool for data collection. The questionnaire was distributed amongst 50 local residents of North Waziristan in the Temporary Displaced Persons (TDPs) camp inside district Bannu. Majority of respondents revealed that drone attacks have created a kind of hysterical consequences on their lifestyle. Economic activities have lowered, educational infrastructure has been shattered, and numerous health problems have emerged amongst the residents of North Waziristan.
8) Role of External Actors in Liquidating State Institutions and Genesis of Insurgency in Syria
Author(s):Jawad Khan Shinwari, Ahmad Ali,& Khurshaid

Abstract :

Emergence of Islamic State in the Middle East and its proliferation into Syria has created a menace. Unlike other insurgent movements, IS is the outcome of socio-religious malaise, rather to be motivated by socio-political spheres. This paper is aimed to explore the relationship between external actors and how the ruckus paved the way for genesis of insurgent movement in Syria? The intrusion of Iraq created security vacuum. It flamed the dilemma of ethno-sectarian discord in the region. Assad’s reforms to counter security lapses alienated the Sunni community in Syria while US role in promoting democracy in the Middle East created a conducive environment for IS insurgents to exploit.

Volume No. 03

Issue No. 01

PJPCS volume 03, no. 03, jan-jun 2018