Pakistan Journal of Peace and Conflict Studies

1) Chinese Academia’s Debate on the New US Strategy toward China
Author(s):Qiang Yang

Abstract :

This paper aims to research into the ongoing debate about the new US strategy toward China among the Chinese scholars and its implications for the China-US relations in the future. The larger ambition here is to promote the mutual interaction and understanding between the informed debates on the bilateral relationship in both countries. The paper focuses on the major consensuses and controversies formed during the ongoing debate in the Chinese academic circles regarding how China should respond to the new US strategy toward China, which is now partly reflected in the furious trade policy of the Trump administration. Based on the summary and analysis of the agreement and disagreement among the Chinese academics, several suggestions are presented at the end for a stable and sound China-US relationship.
2) Afghanistan’s Troubled Relations with Pakistan: A Historical Perspective and its Implications for Regional Peace
Author(s):Fazal Wahid

Abstract :

The history of Pak-Afghan relations has never been a pleasant story. A continued tale of blame games, wars of words and border skirmishes have always dominated the substance of Pak-Afghan relations. Needless to say that leadership on both sides of the Durand Line has failed to come up to the requirements of the time. In this essay an effort has been made to trace the origin of the Pak-Afghan border region’s contentious issues and analyze them in the light of historical facts thus sifting myth from the reality. The essay is divided into two parts. Part-I deals with the legality of the border agreements that successive Afghan Amirs have made with the powers that have been subduing the Afghans from time to time and subsequently have been able to deprive the Afghan Kingdom of its territories. Part-II analyzes the viewpoint of the nationalist forces in Pakistan regarding Pak-Afghan border issues and an attempt has been made to answer the questions that these forces have been raising from time to time.
3) Teachers Perception towards Security Measures following Terrorist Attack on Bacha Khan University, Charsadda
Author(s):Jehanzeb & Arshad Khan Bangash

Abstract :

The present study was carried out at Bacha Khan University, Charsadda that was previously attacked by terrorist causing significant loss of human life and property. Questions were raised on the on-campus security measures. This paper intends to find out the perception of faculty members, working at this university, regarding post-attack security measures. This qualitative study with 25 faculty members as research participants purposefully selected used in-depth interview as a tool for data collection. The security measures were divided into structural and functional aspects. The faculty members were found to be satisfied from the structural measures while dissatisfied from functional one. We propose regular on-campus security survey for improving faculty members’ satisfaction.
4) Construction of Scale: Analysis of the available Scales on Tolerance
Author(s):Syed Rashid Ali, Tanzeem Alam & Hussain Ali

Abstract :

The present study is specifically designed to collect and discuss various easily available scales on tolerance. Through this study various aspects/dimensions of the tolerance are identified which includes political, religious and economic wellbeing. Religious tolerance is focusing on adaptation of followers to diversity and pluralism. The new approach promulgated in political tolerance measurement of the respondents is by selecting the least liked group. This technique is considered appropriate in measuring tolerance level of the people. Similarly, economic wellbeing and tolerance estimation is investigated with reference to social diversity of groups. Each one is briefly discussed with its reference, target area and nature of the respondents. Major uniform themes are identified to be used in future scale on tolerance. We hope that this input will help the researchers in their researches. This is a type of library and/or disk study where scales are surfed through internet and discussed in the class room for meaningful inferences.
5) US-NATO Exit from Afghanistan: Challenges and Options
Author(s):Rahman Ullah & Asghar Khan

Abstract :

After having almost five rounds of recent talks with the Taliban the US special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad foresees that the withdrawal of the US forces from Afghanistan will be accomplished in years. His statement refuted the media reports that US will withdraw its forces in one and a half year. During the recent talks the Taliban set six months deadline for its often-repeated demand of the US forces withdrawal from Afghanistan. The drawdown of the US forces is not new but has always remained the core demand of the Taliban. This was June 2011 when the U.S announced a major news: the withdrawal of the U.S troops from Afghanistan. This announcement might have rejoiced tax-payers in U.S, but the decision has huge regional implications, especially for Afghanistan and Pakistan, the site for the global war on terror since 2001. Due to lack of political instability owing to global militarization, the economic situations in both the countries are alarming. Similarly, due to a collosal damage to both lives and property in the region, Pakistan—Afghanistan. Given this alarming situation, this study not only looks into this situation of uncertainty but also offers remedial measures to see how the situation could be improved. Though the United States had announced pulling out its troops from Afghanistan till the end of 2014, yet it is still not clear if the U.S could afford to pull out all its troops due to worsening security situation in the country. Whatever, minimum pull out was carried

Volume No. 03

Issue No. 02

PJPCS volume 03, No. 02, Jul-Dec 2018